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  1. Hitler and Nazi Germany
    • a.      1923: small rightist party (Nazis) led by Hitler tried to seize power ins. Germany
    •                                                               i.      attempt failed, but Hitler and Nazis achieved national prominence and soon complete power
  2. Weimer Germany
    •                                                               i.      after defeat in WWI, a German democratic state calle dhte Weimar Republic was established
    • 1.      formed by coalition of Social Democrats, the Catholic Center Party and German Democrats, the fragmented republic had no outstanding political leader and proved to be unstable
  3. 1925
    • 1.      1925: Paul von Hindenburg, WWI military hero, was president
    • a.      military man, monarchist who didn’t’ want republic
    • b.      suffered attacks from left and right
  4. Republic's problems
    •                                                               i.      anotheher of republic’s problems was inability to change Germny’s basic governmental structure
    • 1.      gov. never controlled army, which was state within state
    • 2.      other institutiosn, sucha s hostile judges, teachers, etc. maintained independence and undermined democracy
  5. landed aristocrats
    1.      important landed aristocrats and leaders of powerful business cartels refused to accept the overthrow of the imperial regime and were hostile
  6. Weimer Republic
    •                                                               i.      Weimar Republic had economic difficulties too
    • 1.      runaway inflation of 1922 and 1923 had socilal consequences
    • a.      monthly stipends became worthless and savings disappearad
  7. economic losses
    • a.      economic losses pushed middle class to rightist parties that hated Republic
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      after period of prosperity from 1924-1929, Germany had Great Depression
    • 1.      4.4. million with no jobs
    • 2.      depression paved way for problems of Weimar Republicà Hitler rise to power
    • b.      Emergence of Hitler
  8. Emergence of hitler
    • a.      Emergence of Hitler
    •                                                               i.      son of Austrian customs official
    • 1.      total failure in secondary school and made way to Vienna to become artist
    •                                                             ii.      rejected by Vienna Accademy of Fine Arts and lived bohemian lifestyle
    • 1.      autobiography: Mein Kampf (My Struggle) his said years in Vienna were formative period in his life
  9. He got basic idea
    • a.      he got basic ideas of an idealongy which he never deviated from again
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      racism, especially anti-Semitims
    • 1.      haated Jews till the end
    •                                                             ii.      extreme German nationalist who learned from mass politics of Vienna how political parties could effectively use propaganda and terror
  10. believed in 
    •                                                               i.      believed in need for struggle
    •                                                             ii.      1913: he moved to Munich
    • 1.      distinguished self in WWI as dispatch runner; after war, he joined politics
  11. Rise of Nazis
    • a.      The Rise of the Nazis
    •                                                               i.      Hitler joined German Workers’ Party, one right wing extreme nationalist party in Munich and eventually took total control, renaming it National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazi)
  12. idea
    • 1.      idea: party’s name would distinguish Nazi’s from socialists parties while gaining support
    • 2.      worked to develop party into mass political movement with flags, uniforms, eetc. and police force called Sturmabteilung (SA)
    • a.      used ot defend aprty in meeting halls and break up meetings of other parties 
  13. oratory
    •                                                               i.      his oratory attracted people
    •                                                             ii.      when Weimar Republic seemed done, Nazis and right wings marched on Berlin to overthrow them
    • 1.      when his followers reneged, he staged armed uprising in Munich: Beer Hall; crushedà Hitler arrestedà put on trial for treason, and sentenced to five years, where he wrote Mein Kampf
  14. extreme German nationalism..,
    • a.      extreme german nationalism, virulent anti-Semitism, and vicious anticommunism were linked together by social Darwinian theory of struggle that stresses the right of superior nations to Lebensraum *living space* through expansion and the right of superior indivudals to secure authoritarian leadership over the amsses
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      people didn’t take him seriously
  15. Tactics
    • a.      Hitler’s New Tactics
    •                                                               i.      the Beer Hall Pusch was turning point in Hiter’s career
    • 1.      reinforce dhis faith in his mission and wanted change in tactics
    • a.      if Nazis couldn’t overthrow Weimars by force, they would use constitutional meansà formation of mass political movement that would compete for votes wth other parties
  16. After release
    •                                                               i.      After release, he set about organizing Nazi party for lawful takeover of power
    • 1.      no discussion of ideas in the party; party was to follow the Fuhrerprinzip, the leadership principle, which entailed nothing less than a signle-minded party under one leader
  17. late 1920s
    •                                                               i.      late 1920s: he reorganized Nazi aprty on regional basis and expanded it to all parts of Germanyà National party organization with growth to 178k men
    • 1.      youthfulness of leaders in Nazi organization; under 30 and committed to Hitler
    • a.      rather than democratic debate, they watned brawls, speeches ,etc.
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