[PHARMACOGNOSY] Vitamins

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batangmahaba
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[PHARMACOGNOSY] Vitamins
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2013-04-21 05:21:32
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  1. Fat soluble vitamins can be stored where?
    liver, muscle and adipose tissue
  2. fat soluble vitamins can be stored where?
    lipoproteins
  3. fat soluble vitamins metabolize slowly. TRUE or FALSE?
    True
  4. fat soluble vitamins which are toxic if taken in excessive amount
    vitamin A and D
  5. fat soluble vitamin which can be stored in the liver up to 2 years
    vitamin A
  6. fat soluble vitamins which are less toxic
    vitamin E and K
  7. it is a HMW alcohol which is a precursor of vitamin A
    retinol B-carotene
  8. other term for retinal
    vitamin A aldehyde
  9. yellow and orange vegetable are rich in what vitamins?
    vitamin A
  10. vitamin A deficiency
    • keratinization
    • xerophtalmia
    • nyctalopia
  11. a vitamin A deficiency in which the cornea becomes cloudy and does not allow light to pass
    xerophtalmia
  12. other term for night blindness
    nyctalopia
  13. toxic symptoms of vitamin A
    • [vitamin Abccd toxicity]
    • abdominal cramps and pain
    • blurred vision
    • ccarotenosis
    • cessation of menstruation
    • dry skin, loss of hair
  14. other term for vitamin D2
    ergocalciferol
  15. other term for vitamin d3
    • cholecalciferol
    • 7-dehydrocholesterol
  16. liver convert vitamin D to what substance?
    calcifediol
  17. active form of calcifediol
    • calcitriol
    • converted in the kidney
  18. mushroom is rich in what vitamin?
    vitamin D
  19. shrimp, pink salmon and oyster are rich in what vitamin?
    vitamin D
  20. use of vitamin D
    • maintain normal blood level of Ca and P
    • strengthen bones and teeth
  21. vitamin D deficiency
    • rickets
    • osteomalacia
  22. a vitamin D deficiency in which the bones become soft and pliable, bending and become deformed
    rickets
  23. other term for adult rickets?
    osteomalacia
  24. toxicity symptoms of vitamin D
    • Hypercalcemia
    • stone formation in kidney or arteries
  25. polyunsaturated vegetable oils are rich in what vitamin?
    vitamin E
  26. use of vitamin E
    • antioxidant
    • aid in wound healing
  27. vitamin E deficiency
    Erythrocyte hemolysis
  28. vitamin K that produced in yellow oil of plants
    vitamin K1
  29. vitamin K that is produced by bacterial synthesis in GIT
    vitamin K2
  30. other name of vitamin K1
    phytonadione
  31. other term for vitamin K2
    menaquinone
  32. other term for vitamin K3
    menadione
  33. other term for vitamin K4
    menadiol
  34. vitamin K deficiency
    hypoprothrombinemia
  35. toxicity symptoms of vitamin K
    • hemolysis
    • hyperbilirubinemia
  36. first vitamin to be isolated in pure form
    vitamin B1
  37. function of thiamine
    carbohydrate metabolism
  38. vitamin B1 deficiency
    • Beriberi
    • Polyneuritis
    • Wernickle-Korsakoff Syndrome
  39. vitamin B1 deficiency that cause partial paralysis of smooth muscle of GIT causing digestive disturbance; skeletal muscle paralysis; fatigue
    beriberi
  40. vitamin B1 deficienvy that cause degradation of myelin sheaths; impaired sense of touch
    polyneuritis
  41. vitamin B1 deficiency that cause mental confusion, disorientation, loss of memoer, jerk eye movement and staggering gait
    wernickle-korsakoff syndrome
  42. therapeutic use of thiamine
    treatment for peripheral neuritis caused by beriberi or alcoholism
  43. vitamin which has ribose in structure
    riboflavin
  44. it inhibits intestinal absorption of riboflavinĀ 
    alcohol
  45. vitamin B2 deficiency
    • Seborrheic dermatitis
    • cheilosis, glossitis
  46. vitamin which was derived from tryptophan
    • niacin
    • 60mg of tryptophan = 1 niacin
  47. vitamin which is related to chick dermatitis factor
    pantothenic acid
  48. vitamin also called sleeping giant
    pyridoxine
  49. pyridoxine is absorbed in what specifically part of intestine?
    jejunum
  50. an antiparkinsonism drug which is contraindicated to pyridoxine
    levodopa
  51. thiamine is added to what particular antiTB agentĀ 
    isoniazid
  52. what vitamin is the most vulnerable in interaction with alcohol & other drugs?
    folate
  53. drugs that impair folate status
    • aspirin
    • oral contraceptives
    • anticonvulsants
  54. it helps to convert folate to its active form
    cyanocobalamin
  55. cyanocobalamin contains what element?
    cobalt

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