Civics Unit 4 Exam

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CrazyMcDangler10
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214396
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Civics Unit 4 Exam
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2013-04-18 22:41:06
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Civics Unit Exam
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Study for the Unit 4 Exam in Civics
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  1. Role of Interest Groups
    • Give money
    • Pay for advertising
    • Provide for lobbyists
  2. Role of Political Parties
    • Hold fundraisers
    • Conduct caucuses
    • Assist in election process
  3. Electing the Presidential and Electoral College
    • Presidential Election- 12th amendment
    • Electoral College- Candidates need 270 electoral votes to win Presidency
  4. What is Executive Power
    Authority to enforce orders and to  ensure they are carried out as intended
  5. Cabinet duties/functions
    • Provide advice to the President on any subject
    • Head their respective departments or agencies
  6. Department names/duties
    • Department of State-developing and implementing the President's foreign policy
    • Department of Treasury-promoting economic prosperity and ensuring the soundness and security of the U.S. and international financial systems
    • Department of Defense-provide military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of our country
    • Department of Justice-enforce the law and defend the interests of the U.S. according to law
    • Department of the Interior-protect natural resources
    • Department of Agriculture-develops and executes policy on farming and ect...
    • Department of Commerce-improving living standards for all Americans
    • Department of Homeland Security-prevent terrorism
    • Department of Education-promote student achievement
    • Department of Energy-advance energy security of the U.S.
    • Department of Health and Human Services-protect health of all Americans
    • Department of Housing and Urban Development-addresses America's housing needs
    • Department of Labor-ensures a strong American workforce
    • Department of Transportation-good transportation systems
    • Department of Veterans Affairs-benefit programs for veterans
  7. Budget Process
    The process of preparing the U.S. Federal Budget is an example of the: Separation of powers; Fiscal policy; Opportunity cost; Budgetary priorities; Cost/benefit analysis; Meeting economic goals
  8. Foreign Policy Goals
    • Security
    • Trade and preserve natural resources
    • World peace
    • Protect and encourage human rights
    • Promote democracy
    • Provide help for victims of natural disaster
  9. Foreign Policy Tools (Sanctions)
    Measures used to enforce fulfillment of an international treaty or obligation (punishment)
  10. Foreign Policy Tools (Embargos)
    Cutting off trade with a foreign country
  11. Name all of the Foreign Policy Tools
    • Diplomacy
    • Propaganda
    • Alliances
    • Sanctions
    • Military force
    • Trade relations (most favored status)
    • Foreign aid
    • International and regional organizations
  12. Imports
    Goods/services we recieve
  13. Exports
    Goods/services we send out
  14. Names of International Organizations
    • United Nations
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    • International Monetary Fund
    • World Bank
    • North American Free Trade Agreement
    • Red Cross
  15. Type and Purpose of each International Organization
    • United Nations-Security, humanitarian, and economic; To facilitate world body to alleviate global issues while promoting diplomacy
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization-Security; Protecting the freedom of the Atlantic Ocean community; "An attack on one is considered an attack on all"
    • International Monetary Fund-Economic; To promote international trade and reduce inequities in exchange. Also sets the par value of currencies
    • World Bank-Economic; Make loans to countries
    • North American Free Trade Agreement-Economic; Reducing or lifting tariffs of all trade barriers
    • Red Cross-Humanitarian; To serve as a neutral intermediary in time of war
  16. What is Free Trade
    More markets, less restrictions, and lower or no tariffs
  17. Pros of Foreign Aid
    • Reduces the chance of revolution and war
    • Encourages development
    • Can be used to promote democracy
    • Encourage independence
  18. Effects of immigration
    Increased immigration=increased diversity
  19. Countries self interest
    • 2 main reasons:
    • Economics
    • Security
  20. What are the main goals of the United Nations
    Maintain international peace and security and develop friendly relations among nations
  21. What are economic sanctions
    Penalties applied by a country to another country
  22. What is the main idea behind Free Trade Agreements
    Reduce or lift tariffs of all trade barriers
  23. Purposes of the International Red Cross
    To serve as a neutral intermediary in the time of war
  24. What actions can the International Monetary Fund (IMF) take to help developing nations
    Promote international trade and reduce inequalities in exchange
  25. Purposes of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
    Reduce or lift tariffs of all trade barriers
  26. Organization that can lend money to a country to prevent its economy from collapsing
    World Bank
  27. Name the security alliance formed among the U.S. and its Western European allies

    What is the purpose
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization

    Protect the freedom of the Atlantic Ocean community
  28. What was the purpose of the North American Free Trade Agreement
    Reduce or lift tariffs of all trade barriers
  29. Why is providing foreign aid to other countries both beneficial and costly
    • Gains alliances
    • They will help you
    • Costs a lot of money
  30. What is the primary way the U.S. protects its national security
    Department of Defense
  31. What is an embargo
    Stopping trade to a country
  32. Why would the U.S. maintain trade with other countries that do not have a democratic government
    Because the U.S. needs goods from them
  33. What are the economic benefits of tariffs on goods imported into the U.S.
    From taxing the goods we receive we gain money
  34. Why might a country refuse to cooperate with international policies
    Not everyone in the country might agree with the policies
  35. What is usually a result from free trade between countries
    Free trade results in greater international economic integration.
  36. What activity is the main function of the World Bank
    Loan money to countries
  37. What power from the U.S. Constitution gave Congress the authority to approve the North American Free Trade Agreement
    Constitution gives Congress exclusive power "to regulate commerce with foreign nations."
  38. Why might the U.S. withhold aid or refuse to trade with another country
    To punish them for something they did
  39. How was trade among the United States, Mexico, and Canada changed by the North American Free Trade Agreement
    Tariffs or all trade barriers can be lifted
  40. What is the most likely goal of the U.S. policy toward Cuba
    Embargo-cut off trade
  41. Describe the most typical features of a totalitarian system
    A political system in which the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life whenever necessary
  42. What is likely to happen during an economic recession
    Value of our dollar is lesser in the world market. So this results in paying more money to buy foreign goods. And we have to sell our goods for less money.
  43. What would the Federal Reserve most likely do to help end a recession
    Maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates
  44. Who can introduce a bill to raise taxes into Congress
    House of Represenatives
  45. How is representation in the U.S. Senate determined for each state
    Each state has two no matter what
  46. Which government body has the most control over the Unites States' defense spending
    Executive Branch
  47. Which government body is most responsible for fiscal policy
    Executive Branch
  48. What is fiscal policy
    The use of taxation and spending to influence the economy
  49. List and describe the three main types of economies
    • Market Economy -Where consumers decide which goods and services they want and businesses provide these. Most businesses in a market economy are privately owned. The USA is an example of a market economy. Command economy -Where the government owns most businesses. The government decides what and how much will be produced. Russia and China used to have planned economies.
    • Traditional economy -An economic system in which people make economic decisions based on customs and beliefs that have been handed down from one generation to the next.

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