POLI 9,10,11

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POLI 9,10,11
2013-04-18 21:57:09


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  1. a basic difference between a parliament such as great Britain and the U.S. congress is that
    party leaders in a parliament can more acceptably pressure their members to vote with the party
  2. the framers tried to prevent legislative tyranny by
    dividing power among the three branches of government.
  3. probably the main reason behind the domination of congress by the democrat for four decades until the mid-1990 is
  4. in the 1950 and the 1960s the conservative coalition consisted of
    conservative democrats and republicans
  5. throughout the past decades, congress has consistently become more
  6. a presidents veto can be overridden by a
    two thirds vote of both house of congress.
  7. to obtain a party nomination for a seat in congress, a candidate must typically
    win a plurality of votes in a primary election
  8. when any party gain control of both white house and congress. it happens how often
    its extremely rare
  9. voting patterns in congress is explained by
    party affiliation
  10. if you were to study the real leadership office in the senate, you would be focusing on the
    majority leader
  11. legislators who think of themselves as trustees are most likely to
    do what they perceive is best
  12. leadership carries more power in the house than in the senate because
    house rules closely regulate debate and the scheduling of business.
  13. standing committees are of two types, those that influence public policy and those that
    serve constituency groups
  14. increased reliance on staff has made congress more
  15. the purpose of staff agencies is to
    provide congress with specialized information that is relatively nonpartisan
  16. under the constitution, bills can originate in either house of congress with the exception of
    bills for raising revenue, which must begin in the house
  17. if you wanted to know what a member of congress really thinks about a bill, you would be best advised to look at how be or she voted
    on amendments to the bill
  18. when a bill is assigned to a committee, the bill usually
    is killed by the committee
  19. when a bill passes the house and senate in substantially different forms, the differences are resolved in
    a conference committee
  20. a joint resolution
    has the force of law
  21. the framers solved the problem of how to elect the president by
    creating the electoral college
  22. the greatest source of presidential power is
    politics and public opinion
  23. presidents, even with great majorities of their own party in congress, experience difficulty in exercising legislative leadership because
    the president is unable to control congress, unlike a prime minister.
  24. Andrew Jackson established the practice that the presidents veto can be used
    on policy grounds even when a bill may be constitutional
  25. the function of the white house office is to
    oversee the political and policy interests of the president.
  26. what president had a difficulty time communicating to the public
    Johnson, Nixon, George H.W. bush.
  27. the personal popularity of the president has its greatest effect on
    how congress treats his legislative proposals
  28. in the Watergate tapes case, the supreme court held that
    there is no unqualified presidential privilege of immunity from judicial process.
  29. presidential impoundment of funds has been severely limited in recent years because of
    an act of congress passed in 1974
  30. recent admin, presidential cabinet nominees are not likely to have had
    a strong political following
  31. senate is required to confirm all of the following presidential nominations except
    members of the white house office.
  32. in recent decades, all presidents have had to devote substantial amounts of their time to foreign affairs and to
    the economy
  33. the constrains imposed upon the president suggest that the chief executives best legislative strategy is to
    have a limited agenda and invest his influence carefully
  34. the object of impeachment have most frequently been
    federal judges
  35. are in which the president is strongest and encounters the least congressional interference is
    foreign policy
  36. the decisive check on presidential authority in foreign policy is
    public opinion
  37. which of the following does the federal reserve board not influence directly
    price of stocks
  38. basic features of the modern bureaucracy are largely a product of world war 2 and the
    depression of the 1930s
  39. during most of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, appointments to the civil services were based primarily on
  40. whereas European countries exhibit extensive government ownership of key industries, the UN relies primarily on
    extensive regulation.
  41. big b is a complex organization in the sense that
    authority is divided among several managers.
  42. public official who decides to follow a course of action not specified in the law, but one that could be inferred from it, is most likely to be
    exercising discretion.
  43. the recruitment and retention policies of the civil service work to ensure that most bureaucrats have
    an agency point of view
  44. the attitudes of federal bureaucrats are formed less by their social background than by
    the tasks that they perform
  45. the reason legislative vetoes have been declared unconstitutional is that
    any action having the force of law must be sent to the president for approval
  46. some interest groups are important to agencies mainly because the groups
    are important to congress.
  47. the difference between a providentially and congressional oriented agency is that
    providentially oriented agencies usually do not distribute benefits
  48. secretaries of agriculture have found that they have considerable discretion in setting policy despite the involvement of strong interest groups because
    the groups more often work against rather than with on another.
  49. a particularly important constraint on bureaucratic power is the need to
    obtain agreement from other parts of the bureaucracy.
  50. generally, government agencies prefer to
    remain autonomous and independent of other agencies.