Medical Terminology Week 10

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dhsc19
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214438
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Medical Terminology Week 10
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2013-04-22 03:00:03
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Medical Terminology Week 10
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Medical Terminology Week 10
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  1. Origin of Terms
    choana
    funnel
  2. Origin of Terms
    concha
    shell
  3. Origin of Terms
    meatus
    passage
  4. Origin of Terms
    naso
    nose
  5. Origin of Terms
    osmo
    sense of smell
  6. Origin of Terms
    pharyngo
    pharynx
  7. Origin of Terms
    rhino
    nose
  8. Origin of Terms
    septum
    partition
  9. Anatomic Terms
    naris
    nostril
  10. Anatomic Terms
    nasal septum
    the "wall" that divides the nostrils
  11. Anatomic Terms
    nasopharynx
    the part of the throat that is posterior to your nose
  12. Diagnostic Terms
    coryza
    the common cold
  13. Diagnostic Terms
    nasopharyngitis
    inflammation of the nasopharynx
  14. Diagnostic Terms
    rhinitis
    inflammation of the nose (usually due to allergies)
  15. Operative Terms
    rhinoplasty
    surgical repair of the nose
  16. Operative Terms
    septectomy
    removal of the septum
  17. Symptomatic Terms
    anosmia
    unable to smell
  18. Symptomatic Terms
    epistaxis
    nose bleed
  19. Symptomatic Terms
    rhinorrhea
    runny nose (nasal discharge)
  20. Origin of Terms
    antro
    cavity
  21. Origin of Terms
    ethmo
    sieve
  22. Origin of Terms
    maxilla
    jawbone
  23. Origin of Terms
    spheno
    wedge
  24. Origin of Terms
    sinus
    hollow
  25. Anatomic Terms
    ethmoidal sinus
    the sinus between the eyes
  26. Anatomic Terms
    frontal sinus
    the sinus between the eyebrows (frontal bone)
  27. Anatomic Terms
    maxillary sinus
    the sinus in the upper jaw area
  28. Anatomic Terms
    sphenoidal sinus
    the sinus on either side of the nasal septum
  29. Diagnostic Terms
    pansinusitis
    all sinuses are inflammed
  30. Diagnostic Terms
    sinusitis
    inflammation of the sinus
  31. Operative Terms
    Caldwell-Luc operation
    antrotomy (incision of the maxillary sinus to drain the infection)
  32. Origin of Terms
    cornu
    hornlike projection
  33. Origin of Terms
    cricoid
    ringlike
  34. Origin of Terms
    glottis
    aperture of the larynx
  35. Origin of Terms
    larynx
    voice box
  36. Origin of Terms
    phono
    voice
  37. Origin of Terms
    vox
    voice
  38. Anatomic Terms
    epiglottis
    leaf shaped cartilage that closes when you swallow to keep food out of the respiratory system
  39. Anatomic Terms
    glottis
    known as the voice box
  40. Anatomic Terms
    larynx
    the voice box
  41. Diagnostic Terms
    epiglottitis
    inflammation of the epiglottis
  42. Diagnostic Terms
    hypoplasia of epiglottis
    underdeveloped epiglottis (makes person likely to choke)
  43. Diagnostic Terms
    larygitis
    inflammation of the larynx
  44. Diagnostic Terms
    laryngospasm
    contraction of the larynx (causes difficulty breathing in children)
  45. Diagnostic Terms
    laryngotracheobronchitis
    inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchus
  46. Diagnostic Terms
    stenosis of larynx
    larynx too narrow
  47. Operative Terms
    hemilaryngectomy
    removal of half the larynx
  48. Operative Terms
    laryngectomy
    removal of the whole larynx
  49. Operative Terms
    laryngoplasty
    surgical repair of larynx
  50. Operative Terms
    laryngostomy
    artificial opening into larynx
  51. Symptomatic Terms
    aphonia
    no voice
  52. Symptomatic Terms
    dysphonia
    difficulty talking
  53. Symptomatic Terms
    stridor
    high pitched sound heard when suffering from croup
  54. Origin of Terms
    bi
    two
  55. Origin of Terms
    furca
    fork
  56. Origin of Terms
    steno
    narrow, contracted
  57. Origin of Terms
    trachea
    rough, tubelike
  58. Anatomic Terms
    bifurcation
    to divide into two
  59. Anatomic Terms
    trachea
    wind pipe
  60. Diagnostic Terms
    tracheobronchitis
    inflammation of trachea and bronchus
  61. Operative Terms
    tracheoplasty
    surgical repair of the trachea
  62. Operative Terms
    tracheoscopy
    to look at the trachea with a scope
  63. Operative Terms
    tracheostomy
    artificial opening into the trachea
  64. Operative Terms
    tracheotomy
    removal of the trachea
  65. Operative Terms
    endotracheal intubation
    to insert a tube down the trachea to keep it open
  66. Origin of Terms
    bronchiolus
    air passage
  67. Origin of Terms
    bronchus
    windpipe
  68. Anatomic Terms
    bronchi
    where the trachea bifurcate
  69. Anatomic Terms
    bronchioles, bronchioli
    the air sacs in the lungs
  70. Diagnostic Terms
    aplasia of bronchus
    the bronchus did not develop properly
  71. Diagnositc Terms
    asthma
    a form of COPD, usually the bronchioles are inflammed and you can hear wheezing or whistling sound in the lungs
  72. Diagnostic Terms
    bronchiectasis
    dialation of the bronchioles (kind of like an aneurysm of the bronchioles) from mucous...develops into "lung rot"
  73. Diagnostic Terms
    bronchiogenic carcinoma
    cancer starting in the bronchus
  74. Diagnostic Terms
    bronchitis
    ...and the two kinds
    • Inflammation of the bronchus.
    • Two kinds:
    • chronic obstructive
    • chronic asthmatic
  75. Operative Terms
    bronchoscopy
    to examine the bronchus with a scope
  76. Origin of Terms
    alveolus
    small sac-like dilatation
  77. Origin of Terms
    apex
    tip
  78. Origin of Terms
    phthisis
    a wasting
  79. Origin of Terms
    pneumo
    air, lung
  80. Origin of Terms
    pulmo
    lung
  81. Origin of Terms
    segment
    portion
  82. Anatomic Terms
    alveoli
    are sacs
  83. Anatomic Terms
    lobe (lungs...how many)
    3 lobes on the right and 2 on the left
  84. Diagnostic Terms
    acute respiratory failure
    lungs are failing
  85. Diagnostic Terms
    anthracosis
    a form of pneumoconiosis, black lung from coal mining
  86. Diagnostic Terms
    aplasia of lung
    the lung did not develop
  87. Diagnostic Terms
    asbestosis
    a form of pneumoconiosis, asbestos poisoning
  88. Diagnostic Terms
    atelectasis
    an airless, functionless lung (primary - new born lungs did not inflate; secondary - a collapsed lung, could have been caused by a hole in the lung)
  89. Diagnostic Terms
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  90. Diagnostic Terms
    cystic fibrosis
    a genetic disease affecting children
  91. Diagnostic Terms
    histoplasmosis
    a fungus condition from dust, lungs become fibrous
  92. Diagnostic Terms
    pertussis
    a childhood disease also known as "whooping cough"
  93. Diagnostic Terms
    orthopnea
    can only breath when sitting up
  94. Diagnostic Terms
    pneumoconiosis
    a respiratory problem that develops because of the workplace
  95. Diagnostic Terms
    pneumonia
    fluid in lungs (you can hear watery bubbling sound)
  96. Diagnostic Terms
    pneumonitis
    viral inflammation of the lungs
  97. Diagnostic Terms
    pulmonary edema
    blood filling the lungs because of congestive heart failure (the heart is unable to pump the blood out of the lungs)
  98. Diagnostic Terms
    pulmonary or vasicular emphysema
    a form of COPD, the air sacs have lost their elasticity and cannot push out the carbon dioxide
  99. Diagnostic Terms
    pulmonary tuberculosis, phthisis
    bacterial infection of the lungs
  100. Diagonistic Terms
    silicosis
    a form of pneumoconiosis due to exposure to silica
  101. Symptomatic Terms
    anoxemia
    without oxygen in the blood
  102. Symptomatic Terms
    anoxia
    no oxygen in tissues
  103. Symptomatic Terms
    apnea
    no breathing
  104. Symptomatic Terms
    Cheyne-Stokes respiration
    a breathing pattern that is a sign that the person is about to die
  105. Symptomatic Terms
    cyanosis
    turning blue due to anoxia
  106. Symptomatic Terms
    dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  107. Symptomatic Terms
    expectoration
    to cough up and spit out mucous
  108. Symptomatic Terms
    hemoptysis
    cough up blood (symptom of TB)
  109. Symptomatic Terms
    hyperpnea
    rapid breathing
  110. Symptomatic Terms
    hyperventilation syndrome
    caused by stress and breathing in too much oxygen
  111. Symptomatic Terms
    hypoxia
    no enough oxygen in the cells or tissue
  112. Symptomatic Terms
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND)
    difficulty breathing at night
  113. Symptomatic Terms
    rales
    a bubbling sound when breathing (usually caused by pneumonia)
  114. Symptomatic Terms
    tachypnea
    rapid breathing
  115. Origin of Terms
    paries
    wall
  116. Origin of Terms
    pleuro
    pleura
  117. Origin of Terms
    phren
    diaphragm, mind
  118. Origin of Terms
    pyo
    pus
  119. Origin of Terms
    thorax
    breast plate, chest
  120. Origin of Terms
    viscero
    organs
  121. Anatomic Terms
    mediastinum
    the space between the lungs
  122. Anatomic Terms
    pleura
    the membrane that covers the lungs and lines the rib cage
  123. Anatomic Terms
    pleural cavity
    the space where the lungs are
  124. Anatomic Terms
    thorax
    chest area
  125. Diagnostic Terms
    hemothorax
    blood in the chest (bleeding in the pleural cavity)
  126. Diagnostic Terms
    hydropneumothorax
    water and air in the chest
  127. Diagnostic Terms
    pleurisy, pleuritis
    inflammation of the pleura
  128. Diagnostic Terms
    pneumocystic carinii
    a very severe pneumonia found in AIDS patients
  129. Diagnostic Terms
    pyopneumothorax
    pus and air in the chest or pleura
  130. Operative Terms
    pleurectomy
    removal of part of the pleura
  131. Symptomtatic Terms
    pleural effusion
    fluid in the chest or pleural cavity
  132. Special Procedures
    spirometer
    to measure the extent of your breathing
  133. Special Procedures
    thoracentesis, pleurocentesis
    to puncture (tap) into the pleural cavity to drain
  134. Special Procedures
    lavage
    to put fluid in to wash things out
  135. Radiology Terms
    aerated
    to fill with air
  136. Radiology Terms
    consolidation
    to solidify
  137. Radiology Terms
    discrete
    has definite boundaries
  138. Radiology Terms
    infiltration
    to spread into surrounding areas
  139. Radiology Terms
    infraclavicular
    anywhere lower than the clavicle
  140. Radiology Terms
    rarefied area
    an area where air is less dense
  141. ABG
    arterial blood gasses
  142. A & P
    auscultation & percussion (to pat and listen for sound)
  143. AP
    anterior-posterior
  144. ARF
    acute respiratory failure
  145. BS
    breath sounds
  146. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  147. IPPB
    intermittent positive pressure breathing
  148. PEEP
    positive end-expiration pressure
  149. PND
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  150. TB
    tuberculosis
  151. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  152. CPAP
    a machine that helps you breath for sleep apnea
  153. DOE
    dyspnea on exertion
  154. PFT
    pulmonary function test
  155. PPD
    purified protein derivative (test for TB)
  156. RSV
    the croup virus
  157. DPT
    diptheria, pertussis, and tetannus vaccine
  158. pineal gland
    produces melatonin ( sleep/ wake cycle)
  159. thymus gland
    produces t-cells
  160. achodraplasia
    a form of dwarfism ( missing cartilage, short arms and legs)
  161. acromegaly
    too much growth hormone after puberty ( large hands and feet
  162. Addison's  disease
    too little cortisone steroid
  163. Cushing's syndrome
    too much cortisone steroid
  164. dwarfism, pituitary
    too little PGH ( small but proportionate)
  165. giantism
    too much PGH
  166. goiter
    lack of iodine causes tumor in the thyroid
  167. hyperparathyroidism
    causes brittle bones
  168. hyperthyroidism, thytotoxicosis, exopthalmic goiter,  Grave's  disease
    eyeballs protrude from too much thyroid
  169. hypothyroidism
    probably overweight and lethargic
  170. thyroiditis
    inflammation of the thyroid
  171. myxedema
    causes by hypothyroidism in adults
  172. exopthalmus
    eyeballs protrude
  173. gynecomastia
    male  baby develops enlargement of breasts  and also becomes hairy
  174. hyperkinesia
    excessive movement( motility)
  175. hyponatremia
    not  enough sodium
  176. ketone bodies
    by products when fatty acids are broken down for energy
  177. tetany
    parathyroid not enough causing muscle spasms
  178. virilism
    masculinazation in women
  179. vitiligo
    white patches on skin

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