Ace Inhibitors drugs end in pril. They are commonly used to treat CHF, post MI, HTN. They work by blocking Angiotensin I, stopping it from turning into angiotensin II. The major side effect is a cough.
ASA (acetylsalicylic acid)- Asprin
is an anti-platelet, used to treat MI. interferes with the clotting cascade.
Coumadin is an anti-coagulant that can be taken PO or IV and, when giving it is important to monitor the patients PT/INR. Coumadin is commonly used to treat DVT's or AFIB.
Heparin is an anti-coagulant, it prevents clots from forming it does not dissolve them. Heparin is short acting. when patients are on a heparin drip PTT should be monitored, when PTT is high heparin should be shut off. Heparin is commonly used to treat shock and for DVT prophylaxis.
TPA (tissue plasminogin activator)
TPA is a thrombolytic that is used to treat stroke. It can be given IV or at the site. This will dissolve a clot.
Dilaudid can be used as a drip, or IVP. Has a smaller dosage of 0.5mg-3mg.
Fentanyl is measured in mcg's, has a unique side effect of muscle ridgity.
Is an analgesic, in our ICU MI patients receive this drug a lot in a 2-10mg IVP dosage. it can also be given as a drip.
Is an anticonvulsant, usually given in a 50mg/min dosage. Can be given PO (hold feeding before and after) or IV when given IV should be given in a central line since it can cause sloughing.
Is an anticonvulsant, given in a 50mg/min dosage. has the same effect as phenytoin without the negative side effects.
Is an anticonvulsant, given in a 500-1500mg over 15 minutes. No real side effects and no dietary restrictions.
Is a short acting benzodiazepine, it generally wears off in 2 hours. Used more for procedures. Can be given IV or PO. Romazicon is the reversal agent.
Ativan is a benzodiazepine, it last for 6-8 hours. It is given IV or PO. Usually given for sedation, and status epilepticus because it is also a anticonvulsant.
Is a antihypertensive medication that is worn as a patch that decreases peripheral vascular resistance, HR, and BP.
Is a antihypertensive calcium channel antagonist. Given in a drip for HTN.
Is an antihypertensive medication that is used for HTN crisis/emergency. It is short acting and has the adverse effect of seziures and bronchospasms.
Is a antihypertensive it relaxes smooth muscle. It is also given for CHF to decrease afterload. It can be give IV or PO, dosing is usually 5/10/20mg.
Is a antihypertensive beta-blocker. Can be give IVP or gtt, it does not significantly decrease HR, dosing usually 10-20mg IV q10 min since it is short acting, max 300 in 24 hours.
Is a antihypertensive beta blocker, it will decrease HR, and the force of contraction therefore decreasing BP.
Is a antihypertensive, used in HTN crisis, heart failure, neuro surgery to control bleeding. It is given in a drip mg/kg/min. Patients can get cyanide poisoning if on to long or renal impairment.
Is a antiarrythimic, given IV or IVP dosing is 300mg then 150mg for VTAC/VFIB
Is a slow calcium channel blocker it releases smooth muscle. It is given for atrial disrrhythmia, HTN, PSVT. Given PO or IV.
Is a inotrop, it increases CI and CO by decreasing after load and systemic vascular resistance.
Is a catecholamine, it effects is dose related. dosing is usually 2.5-20mcg/kg/min. It increases HR, BP, SVR.
Is a catecholamine that acts on alpha and beta. Usually given 1mg q3min in cardiac arrest, vfib, PEA, and asystole.
Is a pressor used in septic schock after fluid replacement, severe hypotension. Can be used as a continous IV drip, start dose at 0.05-0.1mg/kg/min. It will not increase HR just BP.
Will cause increase in BP without always increasing HR. Don't give to bradycardic patients.
Used for patients with CHF since it decreases after load, usual dosing 0.375-0.75mcg/kg/min
Is a antiduretic hormone, given in a code. Can substitute for second dose of epi in code. It is a potent vasoconstrictor.
Is a bronchodialator given to COPD patients to prevent bronchospasms.
Is a short acting paralytic used in intubation.
Is a short acting paralytic, often used with etomidate it does not come in a drip form. Make sure to check K levels are normal because it can cause arrhythmia's.
Is a paralytic, it has zero effect on the HR, used in patients with kidney problems. these patients are maintained on the ventilator.
Is a paralytic it increase HR and BP. Give propofol or some other sedative first. Used to maintain vented patients.
Which do you give first, paralytic or sedative.
Used for constipation, make them poop.
Is a loop diurectic, used in patients with chf pulmonary edema, HTN.
used for Increased ICP, monitor serum osmolality, they can get dehydrated and hypernatremic.
used in patients with chest pain, given sublingual, drip, or spray.
Is a barbituate sedative, it is short acting and used on patients with TBI, and it prevent seizures.
Is a H2 antagonist and is used for stress ulcer prophylaxis.
Is a proton pump inhibitor, used for stress ulcer prophylaxis.
Is a sedative/hypnotic, and can cause pancreatitis.
given to treat trousseaus
Is given to help with clotting, and to reverse coumadin.
The anti-psychotic agent, has a anticholenergic effect (seziure effect)