[PHARMACOGNOSY] Alkaloids

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batangmahaba
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[PHARMACOGNOSY] Alkaloids
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2013-04-21 05:23:10
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Pharmacognosy
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  1. alkaloids are soluble in water. True or False?
    False
  2. pure alkaloids unite with base to form substituted ammonium salts. True or False?
    False
  3. Alkaloids are freed from their salt by adding alkali. True or False?
    True
  4. All alkaloids form precipitate. True or False?
    • False.
    • Caffeine do not precipitate
  5. most of alkaloids are in crystalline solid form. True or False?
    True
  6. alkaloids in liquid forms lacks oxygen. True or False?
    True
  7. alkaloid drug exist as RN H2
    mescaline
  8. alkaloid drug exist as R2 NH
    ephedrine
  9. alkaloid drug exist as R3 N
    Atropine
  10. alkaloid drug exist as R4 N + X
    tubocurarine
  11. component of wagners
    I2 in KI
  12. component of Dragendorffs
    K bismuth Iodide
  13. component of Sonnenschein
    Phosphomolybdic acid
  14. component of Mayers
    K mercuric Iodide
  15. component of Marmes
    K Cadmium Iodide
  16. componentĀ of Scheiblers
    Phosphotungstic
  17. Alkaloids has bitter taste. True or False?
    True
  18. 3 Methods to obtain Alkaloids
    • Maceration
    • Percolation
    • Continuous Extraction
  19. Apparatus used in continuous Extraction?
    Soxhlet Apparatus
  20. Classification of Alkaloids
    • pyridine
    • tropane alkaloids
    • quinoline alkaloids
    • indole alkaloids
    • imidazole alkaloids
    • steroidal alkaloids
    • lupinine alkaloids
    • alkaloidal amine
    • purine base
  21. example of plant with pyridine alkaloids
    • areca
    • lobelia
    • tobacco
    • pomegranate
    • pepper
  22. use of areca cathechu (arecoline, arecaidine)
    anthelmintic (veterinary)
  23. also known as indian tobacco
    lobelia
  24. what is lobeline?
    • formerly a smoking deterrent
    • for asthma and chronic bronchitis
  25. punica granatum
    pomegranate
  26. use of piperine?
    • for gonorrhea
    • chronic bronchitis
  27. example of plant with tropane alkaloids
    • belladonna
    • hyoscyamus
    • coca
  28. antidote for physostigine and organophosphate poisoning
    atropine
  29. hyoscine is related to scopolamine. True or False?
    True
  30. scientific name of Coca
    Erythroxylum coca
  31. example of quinnine alkaloids
    • cinchona
    • ipecac
    • hydrastis
    • sanguinaria
    • curare
    • opium
  32. substance identified by thalleioquin reaction
    quinine
  33. thalleioquin reaction results yellow green color. True or False?
    False
  34. scientific name of Ipecac
    Cephaelis ipecacuanha
  35. use of ipecac
    • antiprotozoal
    • emetic
  36. also known as golden seal root
    hydrastis
  37. use of golden seal root
    astringent
  38. also known as south american arrow poison
    curare
  39. use of tubocurarine
    skeletal muscle relaxant
  40. defined as least amount of drug capale or producing muscle relaxation so the head of the anime drop in a characteristic manner
    Head Drop Dose
  41. also known as Stone of Immortality
    opium
  42. use of heroine
    smooth muscle relaxant
  43. example of plant with indole alkaloids
    • rauwolfia
    • yohimbine
    • catharanthus
    • nux vomica
    • physostigma
    • ergot
  44. use of reserpine
    • antihypertensive
    • antipsychotic
  45. scientific name of yohimbine
    pausinystalia yohimbe
  46. use of yohimbine
    • treatment of impotense/ erectile dysfunction
    • aphrodisiac
  47. plant source of vincristine and vinblastine
    catharanthus
  48. use of vinblastine
    hodgkin, kaposi sarcoma, breast cancer
  49. use of vincristine
    leukemia, lymphosarcoma
  50. use of strychnine
    central stimulant
  51. use of brucine
    alcohol denaturant
  52. use of physostigmine
    treatment for glaucoma
  53. scientific name of ergot
    claviceps purpurea
  54. ergonovine is to oxytocic and ergotamine with caffeine is to migraine / LSD. True or False
    True
  55. example of plant with imidazole alkaloids
    pilocarpus
  56. use of pilocarpine
    treatment of glaucoma
  57. example of plant with steroidal alkaloids
    green hellebore
  58. veratrum vivirde
    green hellebore
  59. example of plant with lupinine alkaloid
    broom
  60. cystisus scoparius
    broom
  61. use of spartine
    oxytocic
  62. example of plant with alkaloidal amine
    • ephedra
    • colchicum
    • khat
    • peyote
    • mushroom
  63. also known as Ma huang
    ephedra
  64. use of ephedrine
    • combat hypotensive state
    • bronchial asthma
    • nasal congestion
  65. use of colchicine
    antigout
  66. also known as abyssinian tea
    khat
  67. use of cathinone
    CNS stimulant
  68. also known as mescal button
    peyote
  69. lophophora williamsi
    peyote
  70. psilocybe mexicana
    mushroom
  71. example of plant with purine base alkaloids
    • kola nuts
    • coffee
    • Thea
    • Cacao
  72. 1,3,7 trimethyl xanthine
    caffeine
  73. percentage of caffeine present in decaffeinized coffee
    0.8% caffeine
  74. camellia sinesis
    thea
  75. 1,3 dimethyl xanthine
    theophylline
  76. 3,7 dimethyl xanthine
    theobromine
  77. use of theobromine
    for cardiac edema and angina pectoris

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