Constitutional Amendments

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Constitutional Amendments
2013-04-20 14:54:55
AP Government

AP Government Exam 2013
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  1. The First Amendment
    Freedom of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, Petition

    "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people"
  2. The Second Amendment
    Right to Bear Arms

    "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms,shall not be infringed."
  3. The Third Amendment
    Right to not have to quarter Soldiers and seizures

    "No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war,but in a manner to be prescribed by law."
  4. The Fourth Amendment
    Right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures

    "The right of the people to be secure in their persons,houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."
  5. The Fifth Amendment
    Right to grand jury indictment, no double jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, due process of law

    "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself,nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation."
  6. The Sixth Amendment
    Right to be informed of charges, be present when witnesses speak in court, to call defense witnesses, to have a lawyer.

    "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained bylaw, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence."
  7. The Seventh Amendment
    Right to a jury trial in civil cases

    "In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law."
  8. The Eighth Amendment
    Freedom from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment

    "Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted."
  9. The Ninth Amendment
    Guarantee of rights not listed in Constitution

    "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights,shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."
  10. The Tenth Amendment
    Rights of states and people

    "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."
  11. The 11th Amendment
    A citizen of one state cannot sue another state in federal court. 

    "The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one on the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State."
  12. The 12th Amendent
    Procedures for electing president and vice-president were changed after the election of 1800.
  13. The 13th Amendment
    Abolition of slavery

    "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
  14. The 14th Amendment
    Right to be free from discrimination in states to have due process of law, to have equal protection of the law

    "All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
  15. The 15th Amendment
    Black Suffrage

    "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
  16. The 16th Amendment
    Individual Income Tax

    "The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration."
  17. The 17th Amendment
    Election of National Senators

    "The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct."
  18. The 18th Amendment
    Prohibition of alcoholic beverages

    "After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited."
  19. The 19th Amendment
    Women's Suffrage

    "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."
  20. The 20th Amendment
    Shortened lame-duck period for federal officials

    "The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin."
  21. The 21st Amendment
    Repeal to Prohibition (they can drink again)

    "The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed."
  22. The 22nd Amendment
    Limitation of Presidential term of office

    "No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President, when this Article was proposed by the Congress,and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term."
  23. The 23rd Amendment
    Washington D.c. was given electoral votes according to population.
  24. The 24th Amendment
    Abolition of poll taxes

    "The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax."
  25. The 25th Amendment
    Succession of offices of the President

    "In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President."
  26. The 26th Amendment
    18-year-olds given the right to vote

    "The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age."
  27. The 27th Amendment
    Limits the power of Congress to increase it's own salaries

    "No law varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened."