[PHARMACOGNOSY] Resins

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batangmahaba
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214679
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[PHARMACOGNOSY] Resins
Updated:
2013-04-21 05:29:47
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Pharmacognosy
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  1. amorphous product with complex chemical nature
    resin
  2. resin is soluble in organic solvent. True or False?
    true
  3. resin is an oxidized terpenes of volatile oil. True or False?
    true
  4. classification of resin according to composition
    • Oleoresin
    • Oleo gum resin
    • Balsa mixtures
  5. resins that occur in more or less homogenous mixture with volatile oil
    oleoresin
  6. example of oleoresin
    • turpentine
    • copaiba
    • ginger
    • capsicum
  7. oleoresins that occurs with gums
    oleo gum resin
  8. example of oleo gum resin
    • asafetida
    • myrrh
  9. mixtures that contains cinnamic acid, benzoic acid or both, or esters of these acids
    balsam
  10. example of balsams
    • benzoin
    • peru balsam
    • tolu balsam
    • styrax
  11. types of resins according to source
    • natural
    • prepared
    • synthetic
  12. methods to obtaining resins
    • extraction with 95% alcohol and solidify with water
    • distillation of oleoresin
    • exudation
  13. also known as colophony
    rosin
  14. plant source of abietic acid
    rosin
  15. use of rosin
    stiffening agent in cerates, plasters and ointments
  16. also known as may apple or mandrake
    podophyllum
  17. other name for eriodictyon
    yerba santa
  18. use of yerba santa
    • flavorant (mask bitter taste of product with quinine)
    • stimulating expectorant
  19. use of mastic
    dental varnish to seal cavities
  20. also known as Pot
    cannabis
  21. also known as indian hemp
    cannabis
  22. name of resin for cannabis
    Hashish
  23. use of cannabis
    control of nausea in cancer chemotherapy
  24. drugs containing resins
    • rosin
    • podophyllum
    • eriodictyon
    • jalap
    • mastic
    • kava kava
    • cannabis
  25. use of kava kava
    • skeletal muscle relaxant
    • antipyretic
    • local anaesthetic
  26. use of turpentine
    counter irritant
  27. also known as gum thus
    turpentine
  28. use of capsicum
    • irritant
    • carminative
    • rubefacient
    • stimulant
    • condiments
  29. use of ginger
    • flavor
    • condiment
    • aromatic stimulant
    • carminative
  30. use of white pine
    expectorant
  31. use of copaiba
    • genitourinary disinfectant
    • diuretic
    • stimulant
    • expectorant
    • laxative
  32. use of myrrh
    • protective
    • stimulant
    • stomachic
    • use in mouthwash as astringent
  33. use of storax
    • pharmaceutical aid for compound benzoin tincture
    • stimulant
    • expectorant
    • antiseptic
  34. use of peru balsam
    • local protectant
    • rubefacient
    • parasiticide
    • antiseptic
    • vulnerary (wound healing)
  35. use of tolu balsam
    • pharmaceutical aid for compound benzoin tincture
    • expectorant
    • flavorant
    • chewing gum
    • perfumery
  36. use of benzoin
    • antiseptic
    • stimulant
    • expectorant
    • diuretic

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