[PHARMACOGNOSY] Volatile Oils

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batangmahaba
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214689
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[PHARMACOGNOSY] Volatile Oils
Updated:
2013-04-21 05:30:17
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Pharmacognosy
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  1. other names of volatile oils
    • ethereal oils
    • essential oils
  2. classes of volatile oils
    • terpenoids
    • aromatic compound
  3. volatile oil via acetate mevalonic acid
    terpenoids
  4. volatile oil via shikimic acid-phenylpropanoid pathway
    aromatic compounds
  5. volatile oils has low refractive index. True or False?
    false
  6. volatile oils are soluble in ether and alcohol. True or False?
    true
  7. methods obtaining volatile oils
    • distillation
    • expression
    • enfleurage
    • extraction
    • enzyme hydrolysis
  8. method of obtaining volatile oils for flowers
    enflurage
  9. method of extraction for glycosidic volative oil
    enzyme hydrolysis
  10. other name of cinnamon oil
    cassia oil
  11. use of cinnamic aldehyde of cinnamon
    • carminative
    • antiseptic
  12. use of eugenol
    • carminative
    • antiseptic
    • counter irritant
    • flavor
  13. myristica fragrans
    nutmeg
  14. use of mysticin
    • carminative
    • flavor
  15. use of menthol
    • carminative
    • stimulant
    • counter irritant
    • flavor
  16. types of volatile oils
    • hydrocarbon
    • alcohol
    • aldehyde
    • ketone
    • phenol
    • phenolic ether
    • oxide
    • ester
  17. example of hydrocarbon volatile oil
    turpentine oil
  18. turpentine is recrified by distillation from an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide True or False?
    True
  19. use of rectified turpentine oil
    • turpentine for internal use
    • Expectorant
  20. cis-p-methane-1,8-diol hydrate
    • terpin hydrate
    • terpinol
  21. it is formed by the action of nitric acid on rectified turpentine oil in presence of alcohol
    • terpin hydrate
    • terpinol
  22. use of terpinol
    • mucus membrane stimulant
    • expectorant
  23. example of alcohol volatile oil
    • peppermint oil
    • cardamom'coriander
    • rose
    • orange flower
    • juniper
    • pine oils
  24. use of peppermint oil
    • flavorant
    • carminative
    • stimulant
    • counter irritant
    • flavor for chewing gum
  25. example of aldehyde oil
    • cinnamon
    • lemon peel
    • orange
    • citronella
    • hammamelis water
  26. use of lemon oil
    • flavorant
    • stimulant
    • stomachic
  27. example of ketone volatile oils
    • spearmint
    • caraway
    • buchu
    • wormwood
    • cedar leaf oils
  28. metha spicata
    common spearmint
  29. mentha cardiaca
    scotch spearmint
  30. use of spearmint
    • flavorant
    • carminative
    • used in chewing gum, toothpaste and mouthwash
  31. example of phenol volatile oil
    • clove oil
    • thyme oil
    • myrcia oil
    • creosote
    • juniper tar
    • pine tar
  32. source of eugenol
    clove
  33. example of phenol ether volatile oil
    • nutmeg
    • fennel oil
    • anise oil
  34. example of oxide volatile oil
    eucalyptus oil
  35. example of ester volatile oil
    • gaultheria
    • lavander
    • pine needle
    • mustard oil
  36. other names of gaultheria
    • winter green
    • tearberry
    • checkerberry
  37. use of oil of wintergreen
    • pharmaceutical aid
    • local irritant
    • antiseptic
    • antirheumatic properties

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