Chapter 1 Facts
Card Set Information
Chapter 1 Facts
WEDDING CAKE MODEL OF JUSTICE?
> In many instances the criminal justice system works informally to expedite the disposal of cases.
>Very serious cases or notorious may receive the full complement of criminal justice processes.
>Less serious cases are often settled when a bargain is reached.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE ASSEMBLY LINE?
: describes the criminal justice system as a conveyor belt down which moves an endless stream of cases.
>The system also acts as a funnel
: Most escape detection, few bound over for trial, and fewer and sentence to prison.
TRACE THE FORMAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS?
>Consists of actual steps the offender takes from the initial investigation through trial, sentencing and appeal.
>Justice process comprises 15 stages, all decisions can have a critical effect on defendant, the CJ and Society.
SIZE AND SCOPE OF THE CONTEMPORARY CJ?
>It is monumental in size.
>Cost state,local Gov more than $200 billion per year. employs more than 2 million people.
>More than 14 million people arrested each year.
>More than 7 million people in the correctionall system.
NAME THE THREE BASIC COMPONENT AGENCIES OF CRIMINAL?
>Law enforcement agencies to investigate crimes and apprehend suspects.
>Court system, charge,indict, try and sentence criminal offenders.
>Correctional system's role to incapacitate convicted offenders and attempt to aid in their treatment.
FORMATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE?
> Little informal criminal justice system until the nineteenth century when the first police agencies were created.
>CJ is a field that applies knowledge gleaned from various disciplines in an attempt to understand what causes people to commit crimes.
>Crimes skyrocketed during the great depression and hit their peak in the 1930s.
>Police departments are those public agencies created to maintain order, enforce the criminal law, provide emergency services.
>Keep traffic running in order or freely and develop a sense of community safety.
>The criminal courthouse is the scene of the trial process. Here criminals responsibility of defendants accused of violating the law is determined.
>Correctional agencies include community supervisions or probation,various types of incarceration, range from very
low security to ultra maximum supervision.
>Branch of Gov. that helps shape justice policy by creating appropriations for criminal justice agencies and acting as a forum for the public expressions of views on the criminal justice issues.
>Conduct the penalties for those who violate the law.
>Senate & house reps.
>Interprets existing laws and determines whether they meet constitutional requirements.
>The courts have the right to overturn or ban policies that conflict with constitutional rights.
>Responsible for the day to day operation of justice agencies.
>Laws cannot be enforced unless the executive supplies crime control agencies with more funding to support their efforts.
>Programs must be reaching the right audience.
>Reach groups who have the probability of reciprocating.
>A program that many not work with at risk kids living in an inner city neighborhood may work quite well with at risk youngsters in a rural environment.