Art exam #2
Card Set Information
Art exam #2
short answer and multiple choice
Material in paint that causes pigment to bind together e.g. linseed oil or acrylic polymer
A tool used in engraving (like a metal pen, it takes notches out)
semicircular arch extended in depth.
A support in the form of a vault or arch
Liquid used as a carrier or spreading agent in paints
An opaque (not transparent) water-soluble paint. Watercolor to which opaque white has been added
In oil paint
: transparent layer over paint to make paint stand out.
: a glassy coating to seal and decorate
Thick paint applied to surface in heavy manner- has appearance of cake frosting or butter
Any print making technique where lines and areas to be inked are recessed below the surface of the printing plate. e.g. etching, engraving
Architectural style emerged in Europe btw 1910-1920 where architects avoided applied decoration and only used the buildings material e.g. glass, steel,concrete
Painting technique in which pigments suspended in water are applied to a damp lime-plaster surface. pigments dry with the plaster.
A multiple original impression made from a plate, stone, wood block or screen.
Type of clay for ceramics: white or grayish and fires at 1350C-1500C
Post and Lintel
In Architecture a structural system that used 2 or more upright posts to support a horizontal beam (lintel)
In printmaking: the total # of prints made and approved by the artist, usually consecutively numbered.
Intaglio process where grooves are cut into a metal or wood surface with sharp cutting cool (burin)
Intaglio process where metal plate is coated w/acid resistant wax then scratched to expose metal to the acid bite where lines are desired.
A type of painting where pigment is suspended in a binder of hot wax
Printing technique where parts of the printing surface that carry ink are left raised while remaining area (negative space) is cut away. e.g. woodcuts and linocuts
Sculpture in which 3 dimensional forms project from the flat background of which they are a part. Degree of projection is termed high or low relief
Raised in relief by hammering on the reverse side.
Form of relief printing in wood. In comparison to woodcut, wood engraving is made w/denser wood cutting into end of grain vs. side
Printmaking using stone or aluminum where image is drawn on with greased crayon. surface is chemically treated so that ink will only stick to waxy drawn on surface
Printmaking technique where stencils are applied to screen and ink/paint is pressed through areas of the unblocked screen onto paper or surface beneath.
Photography that attempts to depict a scene as realistically and objectively as permitted by the medium
Sculpture made by removing material from a larger block or form e.g. Bernini's david
Site specific sculpture/art
Any art created for a specific place which cannot be separated or exhibited apart from its intended environment
A dark room or box w/ a small hole in one side , through which an inverted image of the view outside is projected into the wall, screen, or mirror. Image is then traced.
A substitutive process where liquid e.g. molten metal, clay, wax or plaster is poured into a mold- once hardened mold is removed revealing shape of the molded object.
A clay which comes in the form of Earthenware, Stoneware, and Porcelain
A row of columns usually spanned or connected by beams (lintels)
Liquid building material invented by Romans. Made of water, sand, gravel, and a binder of gypsum, lime, or volcanic rock.
Early photo process invented by Louise Daguerre which requires metal plate. When exposed to light chemical reactions on plate created 1st photographs.
A type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of three or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone (table),
Sculpture produced by adding, combining, or building up material from a core or an Armature
Rigid framework supporting inner core for clay or other soft sculpting material
Creating a sculpture by putting 2gether pieces already formed
A series of arches supported by columns.
Joint block construction
Process where large blocks are wood are carved and glued together for exterior finishing
Sculpture with moving parts
A stone at the highest central point of a round arch, which holds the rest of the arch in place.
Art made up of more than one medium e.g. paint and wood and glass etc.
type of clay used for ceramics, fired at 1100C-1150C porous after firing
Building technique where stones or bricks are laid atop one another in a pattern. May be done with or without mortar.
A structural framework of wood or metal based on a triangular system, used to reinforce or support wall/ceilings/beams
List the three types of Ceramics/clay and firing temperature
Why do artist make prints?
To create multiple images
Because we like to
List the 4 categories of Printmaking
3) Etching & Engraving
4) Stenciling & silkscreen
What is a Matrix?
Wood, Stone, Metal, Plastic (what is inked)
List items made out of ceramics
pots, bowls, plates, statues, vases, ashtrays
List 2 kinds of Relief printmaking (raised surface inked)
List 2 kinds of Intaglio printmaking (below surface inked)