Spanish Important Verbs

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Author:
nonclercqc
ID:
214726
Filename:
Spanish Important Verbs
Updated:
2013-04-21 13:59:03
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Spanish verbs español
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Description:
Contains the most used Spanish verbs, with descriptions of how it is irregular in present and preterito. Also notes if verb can be used for "Se impersonal" and "Se accidental". Does not contain the highly used & highly irregular verbs, such as tener, ser, estar, ir, ver.
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  1. To hate
    • aborrecer
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
  2. To hug
    abrazar(se)
  3. To open
    • abrir
    • Note: Se Accidental
  4. To end
    • acabar
    • Note: Se Accidental
  5. To bring closer(approach)
    • acercar(se)
    • Preterito: change the "car" to "qué" in first person
  6. To agree
    • acordar(se)
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  7. To lie down
    acostar(se)
  8. To thank
    • agradecer
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
  9. To lunch/brunch
    • almorzar
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
    • Preterito: change the "zar" to "cé" in first person
  10. To love
    amar
  11. To walk (be/go out with someone (relationship and not))
    • andar
    • Preterito: gets a "v" and the conjugation changes
  12. To crave
    • antojar
    • Note: Se Accidental
  13. To turn off
    • apagar
    • Note: Se Accidental
    • Preterito: change the "gar" to "gué" in first person
  14. To appear
    • aparecer
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
  15. To gamble
    • apostar
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  16. To learn
    aprendir
  17. To arm
    armar
  18. To arrange/fix/get ready to leave
    arreglar
  19. To attend
    asistir
  20. To attract
    • atraer
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  21. To attribute
    • atribuir
    • Present: add a "y"
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  22. To dance
    • bailar
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
  23. To bath
    bañar(se)
  24. To sweep
    barrer
  25. To drink
    beber
  26. To kiss
    besar(se)
  27. To search
    • buscar
    • Note: Se Impersonal generic
  28. To fit
    • caber
    • Present: has a "g" in the first person
    • Preterito: gets a "p" and the conjugation changes
  29. To fall
    • caer
    • Note: Se Accidental
    • Present: has a "g" in the first person
  30. To warm/heat
    • calentar
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  31. To shut up
    callar
  32. To calm
    calmar(se)
  33. To interchange/swap
    cambiar
  34. To walk
    caminar
  35. To sing
    cantar
  36. To marry
    casar(se)
  37. To dine
    cenar
  38. To brush
    cepillar(se)
  39. To close
    • cerrar
    • Note: Se Accidental
  40. To chat
    charlar
  41. To quote
    citar
  42. To cook
    cocinar
  43. To hang
    • colgar
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  44. To start/start
    • comenzar/empezar
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
    • Preterito: change the "zar" to "cé" in first person
  45. To eat
    • comer
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
  46. To please
    • complacer
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
  47. To complete
    completar
  48. To fix
    componer
  49. To buy
    • comprar
    • Note: Se Impersonal generic
  50. To compromise/get inengaged
    compromerter(se)
  51. To conclude
    • concluír
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  52. To drive
    • conducir
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  53. To meet (the first time)
    conocer(se)
  54. To get
    conseguir
  55. To build
    • construir
    • Present: add a "y"
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  56. To count/To chat
    • contar
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  57. To answer
    contestar
  58. To continue
    continuar
  59. To contradict
    • contradecir
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  60. To contribute
    • contribuir
    • Present: add a "y"
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  61. To correct
    • corregir
    • Present: change the "e" to an "i"
  62. To run
    correr
  63. To cut
    cortar
  64. To cost
    • costar
    • Note: Only exists for 3rd person singular and plural
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  65. To create
    crear
  66. To grow
    • crecer
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
  67. To believe
    • creer
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  68. To criticise
    • criticar
    • Preterito: change the "car" to "qué" in first person
  69. To cross
    cruzar
  70. To blame
    culpar
  71. To give
    • dar
    • Preterito: gets an "i" and the conjugation changes
  72. To duty
    deber
  73. To decide
    decidir
  74. To say
    • decir
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
    • Present: change the "e" to an "i"
    • Present: has a "g" in the first person
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  75. To deduce
    • deducir
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  76. To leave/let/stop
    dejar
  77. To derive
    derivar
  78. To decompose (into component parts)
    • descomponer
    • Note: Se Accidental
    • Present: has a "g" in the first person
  79. To unpick/unstitch
    • descoser
    • Note: Se Accidental
  80. To deny having said something
    • desdecir
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  81. To wish
    • desear
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
  82. To wake up
    • despertar(se)
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  83. To destroy
    • destruir
    • Present: add a "y"
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  84. To undress
    desvestir(se)
  85. To stop
    • detener
    • Preterito: gets a "v" and the conjugation changes
  86. To return the object
    • devolver
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  87. To draw
    dibujar
  88. To dissolve
    • diluir
    • Present: add a "y"
  89. To escuse
    disculpar
  90. To discuss
    discutir
  91. To enjoy
    disfrutar
  92. To diminish
    • disminuir
    • Present: add a "y"
  93. To distract
    distraer
  94. To distribute
    • distribuir
    • Present: add a "y"
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  95. To have fun
    • divertir(se)
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  96. To divorce
    divorciar(se)
  97. To hurt/have pain
    • doler
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  98. To fall asleep
    dormir(se)
  99. To shower
    duchar(se)
  100. To last
    durar
  101. To elect/choose
    • elegir
    • Present: change the "e" to an "i"
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  102. To fall in love
    enamorar(se)
  103. To turn on/light fire
    • encender
    • Note: Se Accidental
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  104. To find/encounter
    • encontrar(se)
    • Reflexive means to meet, but not for the first time
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  105. To teach
    enseñar
  106. To dirty
    • ensuciar
    • Note: Se Accidental
  107. To understand
    • entender
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  108. To enter
    entrar
  109. To wrap
    • envolver
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  110. To equip
    equipar
  111. To burp
    eruptar
  112. To write
    escribir
  113. To listen
    escuchar
  114. To wait
    • esperar
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
  115. To ski
    esquir
  116. To study
    estudiar
  117. To exist
    existir
  118. To fail
    faltar
  119. To sign
    firmar
  120. To flower
    • florecer
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
  121. To force
    forzar
  122. To smoke
    fumer
  123. To function
    funcionar
  124. To win
    ganar
  125. To spend/waste
    gastar
  126. To graduate
    graduar(se)
  127. To talk
    hablar
  128. To do
    • hacer
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
    • Present: has a "g" in the first person
  129. To be late
    • hacer tarde
    • Note: Se Accidental
  130. To hurt (person/animals/physically/emotionally)
    • herir
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  131. To escape
    • huir
    • Present: add a "y"
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  132. To matter
    importar
  133. To include
    • incluir
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  134. To indicate
    • indicar
    • Preterito: change the "car" to "qué" in first person
  135. To induce
    • inducir
    • Present: add a "y"
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  136. To play
    • jugar
    • Present: add a "e" after the "u"
    • Preterito: change the "gar" to "gué" in first person
  137. To join
    juntar(se)
  138. To regret
    lamentar
  139. To wash
    lavar(se)
  140. To read
    • leer
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  141. To clean
    limpiar
  142. To call
    llamar
  143. To arrive
    • llegar
    • Preterito: change the "gar" to "gué" in first person
  144. To rain
    • llover
    • Note: Only gets third person
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  145. To fight
    luchar
  146. To send
    mandar
  147. To make up
    maquillar(se)
  148. To kill
    matar
  149. To measure
    • medir
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  150. To lie (falshood)
    • mentir
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  151. To look
    mirar
  152. To wet
    • mojar
    • Note: Se Accidental
  153. To bother
    molestar
  154. To bite
    • morder
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  155. To show
    • mostrar
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  156. To move
    • mover(se)
    • Reflexive is yourself, otherwise an object
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  157. To move your stuff
    mudar(se)
  158. To swim
    nadar
  159. To need
    • necesitar
    • Note: Se Impersonal generic
  160. To deny
    • negar
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  161. To snow
    • nevar
    • Note: Only gets third person
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  162. To get/obtain
    • obtener
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  163. To occur
    ocurrir
  164. To occur
    • ocurrir
    • Note: Se Accidental
    • Note:can be used as "tener una idea"
  165. To offer
    • ofrecer
    • Note: Se Impersonal generic
  166. To hear
    • oir
    • Present: add a "y"
    • Present: has a "g" in the first person
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  167. To forget
    • olvidar
    • Note: Se Accidental
  168. To pay
    • pagar
    • Preterito: change the "gar" to "gué" in first person
  169. To seem
    • parecer(se)
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
  170. To participate
    participar
  171. To pass
    pasar
  172. To sin
    • pecar
    • Preterito: change the "car" to "qué" in first person
  173. To ask
    • pedir
    • Present: change the "e" to an "i"
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  174. To hit/stick
    • pegar
    • Preterito: change the "gar" to "gué" in first person
  175. To comb
    peinar(se)
  176. To peel
    pelar
  177. To quarrel
    pelear
  178. To jeopardize
    peligrar
  179. To think
    • pensar
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  180. To lose
    • perder
    • Note: Se Accidental
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  181. To pertain
    • pertenecer
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
  182. To chop
    • picar
    • Preterito: change the "car" to "qué" in first person
  183. To step/tread
    pisar
  184. To be able
    • poder
    • Preterito: gets a "p" and the conjugation changes
  185. To put
    • poner
    • Preterito: gets a "p" and the conjugation changes
  186. To predict
    • predecir
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  187. To prefer
    • preferir
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  188. To switch on
    • prender
    • Note: Se Accidental
  189. To worry
    preocupar
  190. To prepare
    preparar
  191. To prevent
    • prevenir
    • Preterito: gets an "i" and the conjugation changes
  192. To try/taste test
    • probar
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  193. To produce
    • producir
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  194. To promise
    prometer
  195. To propose
    • proponer
    • Preterito: gets a "p" and the conjugation changes
  196. To prostitute
    • prostituir
    • Present: add a "y"
  197. To break/smash
    • quebrar
    • Note: Se Accidental
  198. To stay
    quedar(se)
  199. To want
    • querer
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
    • Preterito: gets a "i" and the conjugation changes
  200. To take off
    quitar(se)
  201. To shave
    rasurar(se)
  202. To recieve
    • recibir
    • Note: Se Impersonal generic
  203. To collect
    recoger
  204. To reward
    • recompensar
    • Note: Se Impersonal generic
  205. To remember (not reflexive)
    • recordar
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  206. To reduce
    • reducir
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
  207. To give
    regalar
  208. To water (plants)
    • regar
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  209. To laugh
    • reir
    • Present: change the "e" to an "i"
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  210. To repeat
    • repetir
    • Present: change the "e" to an "i"
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  211. To reproduce
    • reproducir
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  212. To require
    • requir
    • Note: Se Impersonal generic
  213. To respect
    respectar
  214. To respond
    responder
  215. To get restitution
    • restituir
    • Present: add a "y"
    • Proterito: Conjugated “i” changes to a “y”
  216. To hold
    • retener
    • Preterito: gets a "v" and the conjugation changes
  217. To get retribution
    • retribuir
    • Present: add a "y"
  218. To reunite (with)
    reunir(se) con
  219. To pray
    • rezar
    • Preterito: change the "zar" to "cé" in first person
  220. To beg
    • rogar
    • Preterito: change the "gar" to "gué" in first person
  221. To break
    • romper
    • Note: Se Accidental
  222. To know
    • saber
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
    • Preterito: gets a "p" and the conjugation changes
  223. To leave
    • salir
    • Present: has a "g" in the first person
  224. To greet
    saludar
  225. To save
    salvar
  226. To dry up
    secar(se)
  227. To seduce
    • seducir
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  228. To follow
    • seguir
    • Present: change the "e" to an "i"
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  229. To sit
    • sentar(se)
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
  230. To feel
    • sentir(se)
    • Present: add an "i" before the "e"
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  231. To separate
    separar(se)
  232. To serve
    • servir
    • Present: change the "e" to an "i"
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  233. To mean
    • significar
    • Preterito: change the "car" to "qué" in first person
  234. To request
    • solicitar
    • Note: Se Impersonal generic
  235. To sob
    • sollozar
    • Preterito: change the "zar" to "cé" in first person
  236. To dream
    • soñar
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  237. To smile
    • sonreír
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  238. To rise
    subir
  239. To happen
    suceder
  240. To suicide
    suidar(se)
  241. To suppose
    • suponer
    • Preterito: gets a "p" and the conjugation changes
  242. To substitute
    • sustituir
    • Present: add a "y"
  243. To terminate/end
    • terminar
    • Note: Se Accidental
  244. To pull
    • tirar
    • Note: Se Accidental
  245. To touch
    • tocar
    • Preterito: change the "car" to "qué" in first person
  246. To take
    tomar
  247. To work
    trabajar
  248. To translate
    • traducir
    • Present: use a "z" in the first person
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  249. To bring here
    • traer
    • Present: has a "g" in the first person
    • Preterito: root gets a "j" and the conjugation changes
  250. To treat
    tratar
  251. To use
    usar
  252. To value
    • valer
    • Note: Only exists for 3rd person singular and plural
    • Present: has a "g" in the first person
  253. To sell
    • vender
    • Note: Se Impersonal generic
  254. To come
    • venir
    • Present: has a "g" in the first person
    • Preterito: gets an "i" and the conjugation changes
  255. To dress
    • vestir(se)
    • Proterito: change the "e" for an "i"
  256. To travel
    viajar
  257. To visit
    visitar
  258. To live
    • vivir
    • Note: Se Impersonal daily
  259. To fly
    • volar
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"
  260. To come back (person)
    • volver
    • Present: change an "o" for "ue"

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