COMP4_rest&sleep

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Author:
vanwin
ID:
214729
Filename:
COMP4_rest&sleep
Updated:
2013-04-21 20:16:31
Tags:
nursing1
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Description:
competencies/ fundamentals
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  1. Normal rest & sleep
    • State of physical & mentla relaxation while being alert & awake
    • -mental
    • -physical
    • -individualized
  2. Normal sleep
    reversible state of decrease perception & response

    normal = 7-8 hrs

    circadian = normal 24 hrs
  3. Coma vs sleep EEG
    coma: flat, decreased O2 consumption

    sleep: active, increased O2 consumption
  4. REM vs NREM sleep
    • REM:
    • -brain active
    • -decrease musculature
    • -25% of sleep
    • -physiologically unstable

    • NREM:
    • - quiet brain
    • - busy body
    • - 75% of sleep
    • - decrease VS
    • - 4-5 cycles per night
  5. Stages of Sleep
    • I: few minutes, easily aroused
    • II: 10 - 20 minutes
    • III: 15 - 30 minutes, delta waves
    • IV: 15 - 30 minutes, not easily aroused
  6. Functions of Sleep
    • restoration
    • preservation
    • REM: brain restoration & emotional healing
    • NREM: physical growth & healing
  7. Intrinsic Sleep Disturbances
    • Insomnia: difficulty attaining & maintaining sleep
    • Narcolepsy: abnormal sleep tendency/ excessive daytime sleepiness
    • Restless leg syndrom
    • Sleep Apnea/ obstructive sleep apnea
  8. Extrinsic Sleep Disturbances
    • Circadian changes
    • Bruxism - grinding teeth
    • sleep enuresis
    • parasomnia - arousal disorder; night terrors
  9. Developmental factors
    newborns: need 10-16 hrs, have long REM sleep but not deep sleep

    young adults: long REM sleep but not deep sleep as the night goes on

    elderly: more prone to have lseep disturbances
  10. Factors affecting sleep
    • Nutrion
    • Exercise
    • Smoking
    • Lifestyle changes
    • environmental factors
    • hospitalizatino

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