[PHARMACOGNOSY] Terpenoids

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batangmahaba
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[PHARMACOGNOSY] Terpenoids
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2013-04-21 07:07:33
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Pharmacognosy
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  1. a natural product whose structure is divided into isoprene unit
    terpenoids
  2. terpenoid which is volatile and with intense fragrance and odor
    monoterpenoids
  3. example of monoterpenoids
    • camphor
    • eucalyptol
    • menthol
    • terpin hydrate
    • thymol
  4. camphor is synthetically made from
    pinene of turpentine oil
  5. use of camphor
    • topical antipruritic
    • counter irritant for fibositis and neuralgia
  6. other name of eucalyptol
    • cineole
    • cajuputol
  7. use of eucalyptol
    • flavor employed in nasal inhalers and spray for antiseptic and mild aneshetic
    • expectorant in bronchitis
  8. use of menthol
    • antipruritic
    • for minor burn and sunburn
    • poison ivy rash
    • athlete's foot
  9. Pinus palustris
    terpin hydrate
  10. use of thymol
    • antifungal and antibacterial
    • antiseptic and analgesic
  11. example of sesquiterpenoids
    • chamomile
    • feverfew
    • artemisin
    • valerian
  12. Matricaria recutita
    chamomile
  13. also known as ginseng of europe
    chamomile
  14. use of chamomile
    • anti inflammatory
    • antispasmodic
  15. plant source of bisabolol
    chamomile
  16. Tanacetum parthenium
    feverfew
  17. use of parthenolide
    • antipyretic
    • for migraine
  18. ginghaosu
    artemisinin
  19. terpenoid with potent blood schizontocide
    artemisinin
  20. use of valerian
    • antianxiety
    • sleep aid
  21. examples of diterpenoids
    • ginkgo
    • forskolin
    • taxol
  22. diterpenoids that prevent ischemic brain damage
    ginkgo
  23. ginkgo biloba is contraindicated with
    • anticoagulant
    • patient with seizure
  24. use of forskolin
    • bronchial asthma
    • glaucoma
    • hypertension
  25. use of taxol
    • inhibition of cell replication
    • for metastatic carcinoma of ovary after 1st line therapy
    • for breast cancer after failure of combination therapy
  26. example of triterpenoids
    • cucurbitacin and quassinoids
    • saponins
    • neem
  27. triterpenoids use as defense against herbivore
    cucurbitacin and quassinoids
  28. Azadirachta indica
    neem
  29. use of neem
    insect antifeedant
  30. terpenoids that imparts yellwo, orane, red and purple color seen in living organism
    tetraterpenoids
  31. natural product of mixed biosynthetic origin that are constructed from isoprene and nonisoprenoid units
    meroterpenoids
  32. example of meroterpenoids
    • ergot alkaloids
    • quinine
    • cannabinoids
    • phylloquinones (vit. K)
    • tocopherols (Vit. E)

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