The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.
- The Constitution specifies in Section II, what kind of cases the Supreme Court will see.
- Cases can include: Cases involving two or more states; the U.S. and a state; foreign diplomats; a state and the citizen of another state
The Constitution gives it the power to check, if necessary, the actions of the President and Congress.
The Supreme Court is the final judge in all cases involving laws of Congress, and the highest law of all the Constitution.