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What is a frontier?
A frontier is an undevolped area.
What was the comstock lode?
was a huge deposit of gold and silver in Nevada discovered by miner Henry Comstock in 1859
What are boomtowns?
Boomtowns were communities that grew suddenly when a mine opened.
What was the cattle kingdom?
was the great plains stretching from Texas to Canada where many ranchers raised cattle in the late 1800s
What were cattle drives?
where long journeys where cowboys herded cattle to the market or the Northern Plains
What was the Chisholm Trail?
ran from SA, Texas to Abilene, Kansas- it was one of the most popular routes for cattle drive
What was the Pony Express?
was a series of messengers on horseback in the 1860's that carried messages to the West
What was the Treaty of Fort Laramie?
Treaty of Fort Laramie
was the first major treaty between the Native Americans and the United States- it settled land disputes
What were reservations?
Reservations where areas of federal land set aside for indians.
What was the treaty of Medicine Lodge?
Treaty of Medicine Lodge
divided nations- some were willing to live on designated reservations, other tribes were NOT.
Who were buffalo soldiers?
where African American soldiers on horse back who pushed the Native Americans back on reservations.
What was the Treaty of Fort Atkinson?
Treaty of Fort Atkinson
provided a great deal of land to the Native Americans
What was the massacre at Wounded Knee?
Massacre at Wounded Knee
was when the U.S Army shot and killed about 150 Sioux near wounded knee creek in South Dakota
What was a ghost dance?
A ghost dance was a religous and spiritual dance used to celebrate the paradise the Native Americans would one day be in
What was the Homestead Act?
-gave government owned land to small farmers
-single women included
-160 acres of land
-had to live and develop the land for at least five years
What was the Morill Act?
-granted 17 million acres of Federal Land to the states
-states must sell the land
-must use the money to establish universities in the state
Who were sodbusters?
was a name given to the farmers who had to work hard to break up the dry soil
What was deflation?
Deflation was a decrease in the money supply and overall lower prices
What was the National Grange?
was a social and educational organization for farmers
Who were exodusters?
Exodusters where Southerners who made a mass departure from the south
What was dry farming?
was a new method of farming that shifted focus away from water dependent crops such as corn- wheat
What was the Populist Party?
-government owned rail roads and telegraph systems
-free and unlimited silver
-eight hour workday
-limits on immigration
Who was William Jennings Bryan?
William Jennings Bryan
backed political candidates who favored free silver coinage and he ran for president in the 1896 Election
Social Studies Gold Rush
Chapter 18 Study Guide