Pol 150 Constitution Quiz

Card Set Information

Pol 150 Constitution Quiz
2013-04-21 23:18:21

Show Answers:

  1. Article I - The Legislative Branch:
    Section 2 - The House

    1. What are the qualifications of a House member?

    2. What are the powers of the House?

    3. What happens when vacancies occur in the House?
    • Question 1:
    • -25+ years
    • -7 years a citizen of State

    • Question 2:
    • -Power of impeachment
    • -Choose Speaker & other officers of the House

    • Question 3:
    • Execuative authority issues Writs of Elections to fill vacancies
  2. Article I - The Legislative Branch:
    Section 2 - The Senate

    1. What are the powers of the Senate?
    • Question 1:
    • - Choose officers & President pro tempore in absence of Vice President or when he excercises the office of the President
    • - Power to try all impeachments
    • - Chief justice preside when President charged
    • - No person convicted without 2/3 vote of members present
  3. Article I - The Legislative Branch:
    Section 4 - Electoral, Meetings

    1. Who decides details of House and Senate elections?
    • Question 1:
    • -Time, place, and manner of elections describes in State legislatures
    • -Congress can make or alter regulations except for choosing Senators
  4. Article I- The Legislative Branch:
    Section 5 - Membership, Rules, Journals, Adjournment

    1. What is perscribed for each House to carry on with?
    • Question 1:
    • -Judge of elections, returns, and qualifications of its own members
    • -Determine rules of proceedngs
    • -Punish members for disorderly conduct
    • -Expel a member with 2/3 vote
    • -Keep journal of proceedings and from time to time publish
    • -Yays and Nays of members written in journal at desire of 1/5 of those present
  5. Article I - The Legislative Branch:
    Section 6 - Compensation

    1. What priviledges do Congress members have?
    • Question 1:
    • -Priviledge from arrest during their attendance at the Session of their house and in going to and returning from the same
    • -Except for treason, felony, and breach of peace
  6. Article I - The Legislative Branch:
    Section 7 - Revenue Bills, Legislative Process, Presidential Veto

    1. What bills are defined for explicity from the House of Representatives?

    2. What is the process for passing a bill?
    • Question 1:
    • -Bills for raising revenue

    • Question 2:
    • -Bill passed by House of Reps. and Senate are sent to President
    • -President approves it becomes law
    • -President disapproves it is returned with objections to the House it originated from
    • -If after reconsideration 2/3 of the original House approves its passed to other House with objections
    • -If other hosue approves by 2/3 it becomes law
    • -If any Bill is not returned by President after 10 days it is present it becomes law
  7. Article I - The Legislative Branch:
    Section 8 - Powers of Congress

    1. What are the powers of Congress?
    • Question 1:
    • -Lay and collect taxes, duties, imports, and excises to pay debts, provide for defense, and general welfare
    • -Borrow money on the credit of U.S.
    • -Regulate commerce with foreign nations, states, and tribes
    • -Coin money and regulate value, of foreign Coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures
    • -Establish post office and post roads
    • -Securing for limited time to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writtings and discoveries
    • -Constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court
  8. Article I - The Legislative Branch:
    Section 9 - Limits on Congress

    1. What are the limits of Congress?
    • Question 1:
    • -Priviledge of Writ of Habeas Corpus not suspended unless in cases of rebellion or invasion
    • -No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed
    • -No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state
    • -No revenue drawn from treasury but from appropriations made by law
    • -No title of nobility granted by the U.S.
    • -No person holding office without consent of Congress accept any title from a King, Prince, or foreign State
  9. Article I - The Legislative Branch:
    Section 10 - Powers prohibited of States

    1. What powers are prohibited from States?
    • Question 1:
    • -Enter a treaty, alliance, or confederation
    • -Coin money
    • -Emit bills of credit
    • -Pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligations of contracts
    • -Grant any title of nobility
  10. Article II - The Executive Branch:
    Section 1 - The

    1. What are the qualifications of the President?

    2. What is prohibted from the President?
    • Question 1:
    • -Citizen of U.S.
    • -35+ years
    • -14 years a resident of U.S.

    • Question 2:
    • -Can't recieve emolument from U.S. during term
  11. Article II - The Executive Branch:
    Section 2 - Civilian Power over Military, Cabinet, Pardon Power, Appointments

    Section 3 - State of the Union, Convening Congress

    1. What can the President do?
    • Question 1:
    • -May require opinion, in writting, of the principal officers in each of the executive departments (relating to their office duties)
    • -Make Treaties with consent of 2/3 of the Senate
    • -Nominate and appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and Consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all other offiers of the U.S. with consent of 2/3 Senate
    • -Convene both houses in cases of disagreement
    • -Execute laws and commission all officers of the U.S.
  12. Article II - The Executive Branch:
    Section 4 - Disqualification

    1. When can President and Vice President be impeached?
    • Question 1:
    • -Treason
    • -Bribery
    • -Other high crimes and misdemeanors
  13. Article III - The Judicial Branch:
    Section 1 - Judicial Powers

    1. Where is judicial power concentrated?

    2. What determines a Judges time in office?
    • Question 1:
    • -Sureme Court
    • -Inferior courts that Congress establishes

    • Question 2:
    • -For good behavior
  14. Article III - The Judicial Branch:
    Section 2 - Trial by Jury, Original Jurisdiction, Jury Trials

    1. In what cases does Supreme Court have original jurisdiction?

    2. What constitutes a trial by jury?
    • Question 1:
    • -Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls
    • -Those in which a State shall be Party

    • Question 2:
    • -Trial of all crimes are by jury except in impeachment
  15. Article III - The Judicial Branch:
    Section 3 - Treason

    1. What consists of treason?

    2. How can someone be convicted of treason?
    • Question 1:
    • -Levying War
    • -Adhering to their enemies
    • -Giving aid and comfort

    • Question 2:
    • -Testimony of 2 witnesses (or open confession in open court)
  16. Article IV - The States:
    Section 2 - State citizens, Extradition

    1. What is each State citizen entitled to?
    • Question 1:
    • -All priviledges and immmunities of citizens in the several other States
  17. Article V - Amendment:

    1. What is amendment method 1?

    2. What is amendment method 2?

    3. What can't be amended?
    • Question 1:
    • -2/3 of both Houses deem it necessary
    • -Congress proposes Amendment
    • -Valid when ratified by legislatures of 3/4 of States

    • Question 2:
    • -Application of the legislatures of 2/3 of States
    • -Convention called for proposing Amendment
    • -Valid when ratified by legislatures of 3/4 of States

    • Question 3:
    • -No State without its consent can be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate
  18. Article VI - Debts, Supremacy, Oaths:

    1. What is the Supreme law of the land?

    2. Who upholds the laws?
    • Question 1:
    • -Constitution
    • -Laws of the U.S.
    • -Treaties mae

    • Question 2:
    • -Judges in every State
  19. Amendment 1
    • Congress cannot make a law that:
    • -Establishes a religion
    • -Prohibiting free excercise of a religion
    • -Abridging freedom of speech
    • -Abridging right of peacful assembly and petition the government
  20. Amendment 3
    Soldiers can't be quartered in homes in time of peace or war without consent from owner or prescription in law
  21. Amendment 5
    • -No person can be held to answer for capital or infamous crime (Unless on a presentment of indictment of grand jury)
    • -No person subject for the same offence
    • -No person compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself
    • -Can't be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law
    • -No private property taken for public use without just compensation
  22. Amendment 6
    • In all criminal prosecuations
    • -Accused has right to a speedy, public trial, by impartial jury of the State & district in which crime occured
    • -Informed of nature and cause of accusation
    • -Confronted with witnesses against him
    • -Have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor
    • -Have assistance of counsel for his defense
  23. Amendment 10
    Powers not given to U.S. by constitution and not prohibited to the States are reserved to the States respectively or to the people
  24. Amendment 11
    • Judicial power of the U.S.
    • -Not construed to extend any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against the U.S. by
    • -Citizens of another State
    • -Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State
  25. Amendment 12
    -Candidate with highest electoral votes becomes President

    • -House of Representatives choose President if no majority
    • -Representatives of each State has one vote
    • -2/3 of States present
    • -If house fails to choose President the Vice President acts as President

    • -Person having most votes as Vice President will be Vice President
    • -No majority in Vice President then Senate chooses Vice President
    • -2/3 Senators present

    -No person ineligible for President can be eligible of Vice President
  26. Amendment 14
    • -Persons born or naturalized in U.S are citizens
    • -No State can enforce laws that infringe the privileges or immunities of citizens
    • -No State can deny a person of life, liberty, or property without due process
    • -No State can deny a person within its jurisdiction the euqal protection of the laws
  27. Amendment 15
    Right to vote cannot be denied by U.S. or States based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
  28. Amendment 16
    • Congress can lay and collect taxes on incomes from whatever source derived
    • -Without apportionment among the States
    • -Without regard to any census or enumeration
  29. Amendment 17
    -Senators elected by the people

    • -Vacancies in Senate
    • -Executive authority of such State issue Writs of Election to fill Vacancies
    • -Legislature of any State can empower the executive to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election
  30. Amendment 20
    -President dies then Vice President

    • -President not chosen before time fixed for beginning of his term or President elect fail to qualify
    • -Vice President elect acts as President until a President qualifies

    • -Neither President elect or Vice President elect qualify
    • -Congress prescribes who acts as President or manner in which one will be selected
    • -Person acts as President until President or Vice President qualifies
  31. Amendment 23
    • -Electoral votes for District of Columbia
    • -Euqal to amount of Senators and Representatives it would be entitled to if it were a State
    • -Electors not more htan the least populous State
  32. Amendment 25
    • -Death, removal, or resignation of President
    • -Vice President becomes President

    • -Vacancy in Vice President
    • -President nominate a Vice President who will take office upon confirmation by majority vote of both Houses

    • -President transmits to Congress that he can't perform duties
    • -Vice President Acts as President
    • -Until written declaration of contrary from President to Congress

    • -Vice President and majority of principle officers of the executive departments transmit to Congress that President can't peform duties
    • -Vice President becomes Acting President
    • -When President transmits declaration to contrary to Congress he becomes President
    • -Unless Vice Presdient & Majority transmit to Congress he can't perform duties
    • -If both Houses determine by 2/3 that President can't perform Vice President Acting President
  33. Amendment 27
    No law establishing compensation for Congress memebers can take effect until an election of representatives shall have intervened