[PHARMACOGNOSY] Carbohydrates

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batangmahaba
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[PHARMACOGNOSY] Carbohydrates
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2013-04-22 00:13:26
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Pharmacognosy
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  1. aldehydes or ketone alcohol containing C H O in which the hydrogen and Oxygen are in the same ratio as in water
    Carbohydrates
  2. form of carbohydrate as a source of energy
    starch
  3. form of carbohydrate as transport energy
    sucrose
  4. form of carbohydrate as building block of cell wall
    cellulose
  5. component of sucrose
    glucose + fructose
  6. Saccharum officinarum
    sugar cane
  7. Beta vulgaris
    sugar beets
  8. Acer saccharum
    sugar maple
  9. also known as milk sugar
    lactose
  10. component of lactose
    glucose + galactose
  11. milk of Bos taurus
    cow's milk
  12. milk left after separation of cream
    skimmed milk
  13. united fat globules when churned
    butter
  14. liquid that separates from the butter
    buttermilk
  15. skimmed milk with rennin
    cheese
  16. liquid separated from coagulin, contains lactose and inorganic salts
    whey
  17. partial evaporation of milk in vacuum
    condensed milk
  18. component of maltose
    glucose + glucose
  19. samples of trisaccharide
    • raffinose
    • gentianose
  20. raffinose with acid results to
    sucrose and galactose
  21. raffinose with yeast results to
    melobiose and fructose
  22. gentianose with acid results to
    2glucose and fructose
  23. gentianose with emulsin results to
    sucrose and glucose
  24. gentianose with invertase results to
    fructose and gentiabiose
  25. sample of tetrasaccharide
    stachyose
  26. stachyose with acids results to
    2galactose, glucose and fructose
  27. glucose in ketohexose. true or false?
    false
  28. fructose is aldohexose. true or false?
    false
  29. cystalline dexrose monohydrates that has undergone less rigorous purification
    dextrose excipients
  30. purified mixtures of saccharides (NLT 93% dextrose) prepared by controlled enzymatic hydrolysis of starch
    dextrates
  31. product of incomplete hydrolysis of starch, colorless or yellowish, thick syrupy liquid that nearly odorless and tase sweet
    liquid glucose
  32. also known as fruit sugar
    fructose
  33. sugar found in honey
    fructose
  34. use of fructose
    • food for DM persons
    • contained in infant feeding formula
  35. semi synthetic sugar prepared by alkaline rearrangement of lactose
    lactulose
  36. it yields lactose and galactose upon hydrolysis
    lactulose
  37. also known as wood sugar
    xylose
  38. 2 types of glycan
    • homoglycan
    • heteroglycan
  39. a glycan with one type of monosaccharide
    homoglycan
  40. a glycan with more than one kind of monosaccharide
    heteroglycan
  41. 2 component of starch
    • amylose
    • amylopectin
  42. positive result for amylose
    deep blue
  43. positive result for amylopectin
    blue violet
  44. a polysaccharide used as an adjunct therapy in treatment of shock caused by hemorrhage, burn, surgery and sepsis
    heta starch
  45. percentage of amylopectin in heta starch
    90%
  46. D-fructofuranose
    inulin
  47. used in culture media as a fermentative identifying agent
    inulin
  48. Leuconostoc mesenteroides
    Dextran
  49. alpha-1,6 linked polyglycan that is formed from sucrose
    dextrans
  50. used as plasma expander to reduce blood viscosity
    dextran
  51. most abundant organic compound on earth
    cellulose
  52. Gossypium hirsutum
    purified / ansorbent cotton
  53. a polysaccharide used as surgical dressing, absorb blood pus, mucus and keep bacteria from infecting wound
    purified / absorbent cotton
  54. powdered cellulose: the purity is measured by its solubility in NaOH solution
    True or False
    True
  55. cellulose that remains insoluble
    alpha cellulose
  56. artificial tears or contact lens solution
    methycellulose
  57. cellulose used for tablet binder and film coating
    ethylcellulose
  58. cellulose used as thickening agent and ingredient in formulation of artificial tears
    hydroxyethylcellulose
  59. cellulose used as stabilizer, thickener, binder
    hydroxypropylcellulose
  60. product form by the action of mixture of HNO3 and H2SO4
    pyroxylin
  61. also known as soluble guncotton
    pyroxylin

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