file.txt

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janelle596
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215
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file.txt
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2009-10-12 16:57:04
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Materials & Sources
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Midterm
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  1. USGBC
    • -U.S. Green Building Council
    • -1993
    • -Created LEED-1995
    • -Promotes buildings that are green
    • -Non-for-profit
  2. Green Building
    • -Using energy efficient green materials
    • -Carbon Footprint is monitored
  3. Greenwashing
    Misleads customers in believing their product is green.
  4. LEED rating system
    • 1. sustainable site development
    • 2. water efficiency
    • 3. energy efficiency (& atmosphere)
    • 4. materials selection
    • 5. indoor environmental quality
  5. Cradle To Cradle
    • -MBDC McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry
    • -Certified for building exterior and interior products
    • -Coined by Walter R. Stahel in the 1970's
    • -Recycling and using materials for a new product.
    • -Product decomposes entirely
    • -No impact on environment
  6. Closed Loop Recycling
    • -Continuous cycle using existing waste
    • -The waste of one product is used in making another product.
  7. LEED
    • -Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
    • -Green building rating system
    • -Voluntary, consensus-based
    • -Standard for developing high-performance sustainable buildings
  8. Green seal
    • -Non Profit
    • -Environmental standards
    • -Evaluates and awards operations
  9. Forest Stewardship Council
    -Certifies wood for sustainability for manufacturing
  10. Energy Star
    Program that saves us money and protects the environment through energy efficient products and practices
  11. Watersense
    • -Promotes water efficency
    • -Makes it easy for Americans to save water and protect the environment
    • -WaterSense label for quality, water-efficient products.
  12. Sustainable Forest Initiative
    • -Non-profit organization
    • -1990's
    • -Responsible for maintaining, overseeing and improving a sustainable forestry certification program that is internationally recognized and among the largest in the world.
  13. Green Power
    • -Renewable energy
    • -Wind, solar, water, geo-thermal
  14. Life Cycle Analysis
    -Dollar value on product from beginning to very end.
  15. Off Gassing
    • -VOCs Volatile Organic Compound
    • -Radon Gasses
    • -Mold and Bacteria
    • -Sick Building Syndrome- building has products that make people sick from off gassing. Symptoms- headache, allergies, red eye, pneumonia, carcinogenic
    • -Asbestos
    • -Air Borne Toxins, Tobacco Smoke
    • -Ozone
  16. Lighting
    • Light (Luminance) is measured in footcandles
    • Use CFIs- Compact Flourescent
  17. Acoustics
    • Control Sound
    • STC - Sound Transmission class - rating of sound
  18. Building System
    Home - Platform wood frame, studs 2 x 4

    Commercial - Steel frame (incombustible)
  19. Concrete
    • Advantages
    • -Durable, strength from rebar
    • -Pigments
    • -Different sizes, precast or on site

    • Disadvantages
    • -Porous, rusts, stains, very heavy
    • -Needs to be sealed
    • -Long cure time
  20. Stone
    • Soft- Sedimentary, uniform, sandstone
    • Medium- Metamorphic, veined, marble
    • Hard- Igneous, granular, granite

    Polished vs. honed
  21. Terrazzo
    • -Sustainable, recycled material
    • -Made of chips, resin, cement, apoxi
    • -Used with divider strips to prevent cracking and allows patterns to take place
  22. Metals
    • Ferrous - made with iron, rusts easily from air and H2O
    • -stainless, steel, wrought iron
    • Nonferrous - no iron
    • -copper, aluminum
  23. Plastic
    • Polymer, carbon atoms, oil
    • Thermoplastics- soft when heated, acrylic, nylon, vinyl
    • Thermoset- hard, stay set, not flexible, cultured marble
    • Glass- made by melting silica, doesn't affect things around it
  24. Tile
    • Wall tile- absorbs water
    • Floor tile- absorbs less water

    • Porcelain - impervious - dense and frost resistant
    • -Different sizes, texture, install is easy, color, glaze
  25. Glass
    • Float Glass
    • -95% used today
    • -Made by pouring molten glass and cooling slowly (annealing)
    • -ASTM, American Society for testing materials, specs for float glass, largest voluntary standards development organizations

    • Tempered Glass
    • -Outer Surface cools quicker than outer core
    • -3-5 times stronger

    • Laminate
    • -2 or more layers of glass bonded together
    • -wire glass, prevents shattering

    • Textured
    • -Etched or sand blasted, weakens glass

    • Low Emissivity Glass
    • -Solar energy

    • Insulating Glass
    • -Air pocket between glass

    • Tile
    • Bisque-body
    • Glaze- on top
  26. Tile Density
    • Non-vitreous (wall)
    • 7% or more of weight in water
    • Semi-vitreous
    • 3-7%
    • Vitreous
    • .5-3%
    • Impervious
    • 0-.5%
    • Easy to install, low maintenance, colors, no bacteria, sustainable
  27. Quarry Tile
    • -Unglazed
    • -Slip resistant
    • -Earth tones
    • -Dense
  28. Mosaic Tile
    • -Patterns, add texture
    • -surface depth
  29. Thick/Thin Set
    • Thick
    • Mortar 3/4-2"

    • Thin
    • Thin as 3/32"
    • Popular in the US
    • Requires stable, level substrate

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