Card Set Information
Shrub Environment 280
Shrubs of the PNW
Red osier dogwood
Opposite oval leaves. 5-7 prominent parallel veins. Latex strands in the veins.
Stems often bright red.
White berries and flowers.
(Rosaceae) Rosa nutkana
: alternate, deciduous, compound with 5-7 toothed leaflets.
Large pink flowers.
: 5-9 alternate toothed leaflets.
Soft straight prickles.
Small pink flowers.
: alternate, flat, long and narrow.
Found in wet marshy places.
Yellow pond lily
Round floating leaves
(Rosaceae) Holodiscus discolor
Cascading cluster of white flowers.
Up to 4m tall. Old stems have peeling bark.
: opposite, elliptical to oval.
Up to 2m tall
: clusters of white, poisonous berries.
Hardhack or Steeplebush
"have nodes that are easily found"
Leaves are whorled, linear pointed. Found in shallow ponds, lakeshore, streamsides.
: thin stem.
: thick stem.
: Alternate, tough, serrated leaves.
: deep purplish-black.
(Betulaceae) Corylus cornuta
: Alternate, elliptical to oval. Double serrated.
(Ericaceae) Vaccinium parvifolium.
: alternate, oval, not toothed. Green stems.
: bright red.
Up to 7m tall. Small tree.
: maple leaves. Opposite. 7-11 lobes, toothed, hairy on under and over side.
: winged in a straight line, like the helicopter tree at fw house.
: alternate, simple elliptical to oblong leaves.
Edible berries, tea from bark.
: opposite, 5-7 large compound leaflets. Pointed, sharply toothed.
: berries only edible when cooked.
(Rosaceae) Rubus parviflorus
: alternate, large maple leaf shaped. Soft, fuzzy on both sides.
: raspberry-like clusters of red, delicious berries.
(Rosaceae) Rubus spectabilis
: alternate, usually with 3 leaflets, sharply toothed.
(Rosaceae) Ribes sanguineum
: alternate, 3 to 5-lobed, hairy under surface.
: pink to deep red in color, large bundles.
(Ericaceae) Gaultheria shallon
: evergreen, alternate, leathery, thick, sharply and finely toothed.
Up to 5m tall with hairy, branched stems. Delicious dark red/blue berries.
Tall oregon grape
(berberidaceae) Mahonia aquifolium
: 5-9 leaflets. Glossy above, one central vein. Spiny. Flatter than holly.
Dull or Dwarf oregon grape
(berberidaceae) Mahonia nervosa
: alternate, 9-19 leaflets. 3 central veins. Spiny. Shiny on both sides.
Evergreen, once pinnate.
alternating pinnae. Leaflets taper off before base
Evergreen, Once pinnate.
Smaller than deer fern. Leaflets all the way to base.
2 to 3 times pinnate. Triangular blades.
Twice pinnate. Tapering at both ends (diamond shaped)
Once pinnate. Epiphytic.
Smells bad. Leaves used as wax paper for storing items like berries, etc.
Large yellow hooded leaves