Shrub species.txt

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Author:
brianm
ID:
215014
Filename:
Shrub species.txt
Updated:
2013-04-22 02:50:55
Tags:
Shrub Environment 280
Folders:

Description:
Shrubs of the PNW
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  1. Red osier dogwood
    • Cornus stolonifera
    • Opposite oval leaves. 5-7 prominent parallel veins. Latex strands in the veins.
    • Stems often bright red.
    • White berries and flowers.
  2. Nootka rose
    • (Rosaceae) Rosa nutkana
    • Leaves: alternate, deciduous, compound with 5-7 toothed leaflets.
    • Hard spines.
    • Large pink flowers.
  3. Baldhip rose
    • Rosa gymnocarpa
    • Leaves: 5-9 alternate toothed leaflets.
    • Soft straight prickles.
    • Small pink flowers.
  4. Broadleaf cattail
    • Typha latifolia
    • Leaves: alternate, flat, long and narrow.
    • Found in wet marshy places.
  5. Yellow pond lily
    Round floating leaves
  6. Oceanspray
    • (Rosaceae) Holodiscus discolor
    • Cascading cluster of white flowers.
    • Up to 4m tall. Old stems have peeling bark.
  7. Snowberry
    • Symphoricarpos albus.
    • Leaves: opposite, elliptical to oval.
    • Up to 2m tall
    • Fruits: clusters of white, poisonous berries.
  8. Hardhack or Steeplebush
    Spiraea douglasii
  9. Grasses
    "have nodes that are easily found"
  10. Sedges
    "have edges"
  11. Rushes
    "are round"
  12. Horsetails
    • Leaves are whorled, linear pointed. Found in shallow ponds, lakeshore, streamsides.
    • Common: thin stem.
    • Giant: thick stem.
  13. Evergreen huckleberry
    • Vaccinium membranaceum
    • Leaves: Alternate, tough, serrated leaves.
    • Fruits: deep purplish-black.
  14. Beaked hazelnut
    • (Betulaceae) Corylus cornuta
    • 1-4m tall.
    • Leaves: Alternate, elliptical to oval. Double serrated.
    • Small catkins.
  15. Red huckleberry
    • (Ericaceae) Vaccinium parvifolium.
    • Leaves: alternate, oval, not toothed. Green stems.
    • Fruits: bright red.
  16. Vine maple
    • Acer circinatum.
    • Up to 7m tall. Small tree.
    • Leaves: maple leaves. Opposite. 7-11 lobes, toothed, hairy on under and over side.
    • Fruits: winged in a straight line, like the helicopter tree at fw house.
  17. Indian-plum
    • (Rosaceae)
    • Leaves: alternate, simple elliptical to oblong leaves.
    • Edible berries, tea from bark.
  18. Elderberry
    • Sambucus racemosa.
    • Leaves: opposite, 5-7 large compound leaflets. Pointed, sharply toothed.
    • Fruits: berries only edible when cooked.
  19. Thimbleberry
    • (Rosaceae) Rubus parviflorus
    • Leaves: alternate, large maple leaf shaped. Soft, fuzzy on both sides.
    • Fruits: raspberry-like clusters of red, delicious berries.
  20. Salmonberry
    • (Rosaceae) Rubus spectabilis
    • Leaves: alternate, usually with 3 leaflets, sharply toothed.
    • Edible fruit.
  21. Red-flowering currant
    • (Rosaceae) Ribes sanguineum
    • Leaves: alternate, 3 to 5-lobed, hairy under surface.
    • Flowers: pink to deep red in color, large bundles.
  22. Salal
    • (Ericaceae) Gaultheria shallon
    • Leaves: evergreen, alternate, leathery, thick, sharply and finely toothed.
    • Up to 5m tall with hairy, branched stems. Delicious dark red/blue berries.
  23. Tall oregon grape
    • (berberidaceae) Mahonia aquifolium
    • Leaves: 5-9 leaflets. Glossy above, one central vein. Spiny. Flatter than holly.
  24. Dull or Dwarf oregon grape
    • (berberidaceae) Mahonia nervosa
    • Leaves: alternate, 9-19 leaflets. 3 central veins. Spiny. Shiny on both sides.
  25. Sword fern
    • Evergreen, once pinnate.
    • alternating pinnae. Leaflets taper off before base
  26. Deer fern
    • Evergreen, Once pinnate.
    • Smaller than deer fern. Leaflets all the way to base.
  27. Bracken fern
    2 to 3 times pinnate. Triangular blades.
  28. Lady fern
    Twice pinnate. Tapering at both ends (diamond shaped)
  29. Licorice fern
    Once pinnate. Epiphytic.
  30. Skunk cabbage
    • Smells bad. Leaves used as wax paper for storing items like berries, etc.
    • Large yellow hooded leaves

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