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Red osier dogwood
- Cornus stolonifera
- Opposite oval leaves. 5-7 prominent parallel veins. Latex strands in the veins.
- Stems often bright red.
- White berries and flowers.
- (Rosaceae) Rosa nutkana
- Leaves: alternate, deciduous, compound with 5-7 toothed leaflets.
- Hard spines.
- Large pink flowers.
- Rosa gymnocarpa
- Leaves: 5-9 alternate toothed leaflets.
- Soft straight prickles.
- Small pink flowers.
- Typha latifolia
- Leaves: alternate, flat, long and narrow.
- Found in wet marshy places.
Yellow pond lily
Round floating leaves
- (Rosaceae) Holodiscus discolor
- Cascading cluster of white flowers.
- Up to 4m tall. Old stems have peeling bark.
- Symphoricarpos albus.
- Leaves: opposite, elliptical to oval.
- Up to 2m tall
- Fruits: clusters of white, poisonous berries.
Hardhack or Steeplebush
"have nodes that are easily found"
- Leaves are whorled, linear pointed. Found in shallow ponds, lakeshore, streamsides.
- Common: thin stem.
- Giant: thick stem.
- Vaccinium membranaceum
- Leaves: Alternate, tough, serrated leaves.
- Fruits: deep purplish-black.
- (Betulaceae) Corylus cornuta
- 1-4m tall.
- Leaves: Alternate, elliptical to oval. Double serrated.
- Small catkins.
- (Ericaceae) Vaccinium parvifolium.
- Leaves: alternate, oval, not toothed. Green stems.
- Fruits: bright red.
- Acer circinatum.
- Up to 7m tall. Small tree.
- Leaves: maple leaves. Opposite. 7-11 lobes, toothed, hairy on under and over side.
- Fruits: winged in a straight line, like the helicopter tree at fw house.
- Leaves: alternate, simple elliptical to oblong leaves.
- Edible berries, tea from bark.
- Sambucus racemosa.
- Leaves: opposite, 5-7 large compound leaflets. Pointed, sharply toothed.
- Fruits: berries only edible when cooked.
- (Rosaceae) Rubus parviflorus
- Leaves: alternate, large maple leaf shaped. Soft, fuzzy on both sides.
- Fruits: raspberry-like clusters of red, delicious berries.
- (Rosaceae) Rubus spectabilis
- Leaves: alternate, usually with 3 leaflets, sharply toothed.
- Edible fruit.
- (Rosaceae) Ribes sanguineum
- Leaves: alternate, 3 to 5-lobed, hairy under surface.
- Flowers: pink to deep red in color, large bundles.
- (Ericaceae) Gaultheria shallon
- Leaves: evergreen, alternate, leathery, thick, sharply and finely toothed.
- Up to 5m tall with hairy, branched stems. Delicious dark red/blue berries.
Tall oregon grape
- (berberidaceae) Mahonia aquifolium
- Leaves: 5-9 leaflets. Glossy above, one central vein. Spiny. Flatter than holly.
Dull or Dwarf oregon grape
- (berberidaceae) Mahonia nervosa
- Leaves: alternate, 9-19 leaflets. 3 central veins. Spiny. Shiny on both sides.
- Evergreen, once pinnate.
- alternating pinnae. Leaflets taper off before base
- Evergreen, Once pinnate.
- Smaller than deer fern. Leaflets all the way to base.
2 to 3 times pinnate. Triangular blades.
Twice pinnate. Tapering at both ends (diamond shaped)
Once pinnate. Epiphytic.
- Smells bad. Leaves used as wax paper for storing items like berries, etc.
- Large yellow hooded leaves