Medicine - sputum examination

Card Set Information

Author:
trincam2008
ID:
215063
Filename:
Medicine - sputum examination
Updated:
2013-04-22 09:42:14
Tags:
Med Resp
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Description:
Sputum exam
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  1. Send suspicious sputum for...
    • - microscopy (Gram stain and auramine/ZN stain, if indicated)
    • - cultureĀ 
    • - cytology
  2. Black carbon specks
    suggests smoking, most common caused of increased sputum production
  3. Yellow/Green sputum
    -> infection e.g. bronchiectasis, pneumonia
  4. Pink frothy sputum
    pulmonary oedema
  5. Bloody sputum (haemoptysis)
    • may be due to
    • malignancy, TB, infection or trauma ( requiring investigations)
  6. Clear sputum
    probably saliva

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