He was the president of the United States when the stock market crashed and the U.S. plunged into the worse depression ever.
He was the President elected in 1920 who promised to return the United States to "normalcy".
Warren G. Harding
He was the president who took over when the president was assassinated; he then was elected in 1924 on his own standing; prior to his service as vice president and then president, he was the Governor of Massachusetts.
He was the President who vowed to bring the economy our of the Depression with his New Deal programs
Franklin D. Roosevelt
He was the President during WWI; he was disappointed that his League of Nations was not approved and his party faced defeat in the 1920 election as well.
Often acted as FDR's eyes and ears; helped develop polocies to help the poor during the Depresseion by constantly reminding the president of the needs of the people.
Served as the first female cabinet official; Secretary of Labor.
First female to swim the English Channel.
First person to complete a trans-Atlantic flight by flying from New York to Paris nonstop.
Leader of the United Mine Workers who called for a strike in 1919; eventually President Wilson called for arbitration in the strike and he bacame a hero for work on behalf of the miners.
John L. Lewis
The most famous bootlegger of the 1920s who eventually went to jail for tax evasion because the government couldn't prove any of his other illegal activities.
Famous jazz trumpet player during the 1920s
Attorney General of the United States who became convinced that radicals were undermining American calues and so led the justice department to raid homes of suspected communitst, socialists, and anarchists.
A. Mitchell Palmer
He was a critic of FDR's New Deal who felt the program should do more; he advocated an "old age pension plan" which eventually was passed in the for of Social Security.
He was the general Hoover sent out to break up the Bonus Army which had marched on D.C. demanding early payment of the money that Congress had promised to pay them.
He wrote The Grapes of Wrath, a novel about Oklahomans who left the Dust Bowl to start a new life.
He was the first Roman Catholic to ever run for President in 1928; he lost to Hoover
Alfred E. Smith
He was the Secretary of Interior under Harding who got into trouble for the Teapot Dome Scandal.
Helped organize FDR's "black cabinet"; appointed head of a special department of the National Youth Administration Office of Minority Affairs.
Mary McLeod Bethune
He starred in the first major talking movie The Jazz Singer
Moved the Presidential inauguration from March to January
Gave more credibility to unions; also called the National Labor Relations Act.
Allowed homeowners to get lower interest rates and farmers to refinance their loans to avoid foreclosure.
Fed. Home Loan Act
Established the Ferderal Depositors Insurance Corporation that insured deposits made in banks up to $5,000.
Agreement made between 64 nations who renounced war as an instrument of national policy
Raised protective tariff to the highest rate in United States history; further hurt the economy ofthe U.S. because it caused trade to decrease.
Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act
Agreement between the United States, Britain, France, Italy and Japan in which all countries promised to reduce the size of their navies.
Five Power Treaty
Practice by the gov. in which the gov. promises to buy up certain products at a set price in an effort to cause the price of the item to rise.
Practice of purchasing stock by paying a small percentage of the value of the stock and borrowing the remainder.
Practice by the gov. whereby teh gov. pays money or gives items to people in times of need.
Practice of buying household items and paying for them over a period of time rather than paying up front for the items
President of the United States during the Spanish-American War
President who previously serced in the Spanish-American War as a leader of the Rough Riders, then was governor of New York
Hand-picked replacement of a President; later he served on the Supreme Court
President of Princeton University before serving as governor of New Jersey and then President of the United States
Heir to the Austrian throne who was assassinated. This was the spark that started WWI
Filipino rebel leader who helped the U.S. defeat Spain in the Philippines, but then turned and fought against the U.S. because the Philippines did not get independence as soon as the war was over as they had hoped.
Mexican revel leader who raided several cities. The president of the United States sent troops into Mexico to capture him.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
Leader of Italy at the peace conference that ended WWI
Leader of Germany during most of WWI; later abdicated (gave up) the throne when a new gov. took power at the end of the war
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Leader of France during the peace conference that ended WWI; wanted Germany to pay for the damages of the war and wanted to develop a demilitarized (safe zone) between Germany and France.
Spanish leader in Cuba who was called "The Butcher." Treated Cubans very harshly and stories of his cruelty spread through the U.S.
American general who led missions to capture Mexican rebels who were invading the U.S. and raiding towns; also served as the leader of the American Expeditionary Force during WWI.
John J Pershing
Naval leader who wrote a book called The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
Alfred T. Mahan
Yellow journalist whose newspapers published sensational stories of abuse of Cubans and the U.S. need for involvement in a war against Spain.
African American leader who organized the NAACP
Author of The Jungle, a book that exposed unsanitary, unhealthy business pratices int he meat packing industry.
Leader of the American Socialist Party. Ran for president several times including one time during WWI from prison.
Eugene V. Debs
Leader of the womens' suffrage movement. Amendment was named for this person.
Susan B. Anthony
Secretary of State for the U.S. responsible for the treaty that led to the U.S. building a canal through Panama; also issued the Open Door Notes that led to the U.S. use of the Open Door policy in China.
Was the peace agreement negotiated by Teddy Roosevelt between Russia and Japan
Treaty of Portsmouth
Was the peace agreement that ended the Spanish-American War
Treaty of Paris
Was the peace agreement that ended WWI
Treaty of Versailles
Provided for the draft of men into military service
Selective Service Act
Lowered tariffs for the first time since the Civil War
Made unions legal; regulated trusts
Regulated railroads so that they treated people more fairly