PSY 311 test 3

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PSY 311 test 3
2013-04-24 15:05:13

3rd psyc 311 test
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  1. reciprocal socialization
    parents both influence and socialize their children and the children both infuence and scoilized the parent

    child <----> parent
  2. Dyadic
    and 2 people

    m/s, f/s, m/d, f/d, b/s, ect

    • in dyadic
    • m/s = -
    • f/s = +
  3. Triadic
    • and 3 people
    •  in tradis
    • m/s = +
    • f/s = - ( reason father attemtpts the resuce mother by attemting to control the sons neg behavior)
  4. there are to main variation of the developmental conctuction of realtionships
    • 1) the continuity view
    • 2) the discontinuity veiw
  5. Continuity view
    • early childhood realtion ships set the child up in a way that shape otehr realtionships throughout the life span
    • Example= erikson - trust vs mistrust
  6. discontinutiy view
    • emphasis change and growth in realtionships over time
    • more egalitarian style with peers
  7. Maturation - Biological
    puberty conlfilct is most str4essful during apex of puberty
  8. Congnitive maturation
    • expnaded logical reasoning (willing to debate with parentsts)
    • increase idealistic thought (compare parents to other parents)
    • volated expectiation (compaliance issues)
  9. socail maturation
    • transtition from elmentray to middle school
    • adol. desire to spend more time with peers instead of family
    • they develop more sphisticated freindships
    • push for indepedence
  10. parent changes
    • marital disatisfaction
    • econmic burdin
    • careers
    • health
    • (these event are usualy occuring during middle adult hood)
  11. Authoriatian style
    • high controll, losw responsiceness very strict punitive very little verbal exchange
    • P---->C
    • results(adol who are social incompentent, males then to be more aggressice, females tendt to be co-dependent)
    • exteme case=abuse
  12. Neglectful style
    • low control, low reposive, very univolved childs preception is that other things are more important does not infor rules, unconsistant, unaviale to kid
    • Results: low self control, socialy impcplease
    • exterem-not feeding or
  13. Indulgent style
    • low control, high resposiveness, highly involved, spoils kid on purpose, living though the adol. life
    • C---->P
    • results selft centered, low slef control, socially incompetnet
    • spoiled
  14. authoritative style
    • moderat control & responsiceness, controls kids enviorment fairl but firm, consitent
    • A<---->A comuniction
    • balnce bw control and autoromy
    • results socaill competent, self reliant self control well behaved high self esteem
    • explain rules and allos kids to make decisions within reason
  15. Mothers Role
    adil say moms do most of the parenting, so society blames mom when there is a problem with kids
  16. in asian familys
    use and authortain style but call it tran/teach style dont see it as low resposice asain kids see it as they are doing it form my own good
  17. fathers role
    • colonial america - moral complass
    • industrial revolution-breadwinner
    • WWII post-role model
    • current-nurturing coaregivers
    • problem some dads still beive he is good as long as he is bread winer
  18. Good Realiton ship with dad=
    • 75% less likley to become and unwed parent
    • 80% less likley to go to jail
    • twice as likley to be stable jow or go to college
    • study shows dad spent 1/3 - 3/4 as musch time with kids as mom
  19. Genration Gap
    is a myth and most conflicts have nothing to do with it
  20. Conflict
    • childhood ----> early adol <---- late adol
    • Increas to early adol then decrease during late adol
  21. Noramal Conflict
    • 80% of family expericne normal conflict
    • (room clean, chores, phone time ect.)
    • more to do with frequence than intinsty
    • 1 argument every 3 days (avg)
    • majority bw mom and daughter
  22. adol report having conflict
    with mom most of all
  23. Prolonged intence conflict
    • 20-25% of family experince (4-5 million familys)
    • (runing away, juvenile deliquence, droppi9ng out pregance, gangs, drugs)
  24. Autonomy
    • emotinal health family know this is coming and begin treating the teen in more adult like ways (authoritaive )
    • unhelathy families precice this push for autonomy as rebelliouse and get locked into a power strugle and and lean towards more authoritaina style
  25. unhelathy Autonomy
    • authoritarian associated thew low adol. auntonomy
    • authortiative = hight adol. autonomy sometes called demcratic parenting

    (boys get more freedom at early age than girls )
  26. Autonomy culture
    boys given more indepencence than girls

     kids strive for autonmy form parent earlier than adol in W-culture
  27. 2 reasons kids runaway from home
    • to escape a bad situation (abuse, neglect, parent conflict)
    • rebelling against rules
  28. Chronic runaways are especially susceptible to drug use
    • some leave to do drugs freely
    • other leave and meet up with peers that drugs and take them up
  29. Secure attachment
    • bowlby and ainsworth believe that sevure atachment in infancy is essential in the eventual deveoplemt of socially competent adolescents
    • just as important @ all developmetn stages
  30. secure attachment example
    toddle sees dog out side of fence and is scared and begins to cry mom picks up the baby and the baby calms down and is no longer afraid
  31. insecure attachment types
    • 1)dismissing/avoidant
    • 2)preoccupied/ambivalent
    • 3)unreasolved/disorganized
  32. Dismissing/Avoidant
    • de-emphasize the importance of attachment
    • feelings of  rejection
    • mutaually distant themselves
    • parent and kids have mutually feelings
    • D [(k)(p)] / A (kp)
  33. Preoccupied / Ambivalent
    • adolescents are hyper tunned to attachment experience
    • parent fairly unavailable
    • high degree of attachment seeking behavior mixed with feelings of anger
    • P (k) / A (p)
  34. Unresolved / Disorganized
    • fear of loss - tramatic experince
    • U (k)/D (k)
  35. Sibblings Roles
    • 80% of adol have at least on sibling
    • both pros and cons = playmates, sharing, emotional support, socialization, influences
  36. Children conflict
    higher dgrees of contlifcts with siblings than anyone else
  37. 1st Born / only child
    • pros= adult oriented, helpful, conforming, self controled, achievemtn oriented
    • Cons= more anxious, feeling of guilt
    • spoiled brat = myth
    • example= kid is starting school and really excited to learn to read and achive but is nervous
  38. Birth order
    not a good predictor of adol. behavior
  39. Divorced Families
    • united states has highest percentages of single parent families in the world
    • by age 18 25% of all americans kis will have lived a portion of their lives in a stepfamily
  40. Divorce rate trends
    • increase in the 60's - 70's
    • declined in the 80's
    • no leveled off
    • current divorce rate = 50%
  41. Adol adjustments in divorced families
    • gen. kids from divorced families show poorer adjustments than kids from non divorced families
    • (problems=school, fighting, anxiety, sexually active at a younger age ect.)
    • boys = externalization behavior ( fighting and in our face yelling)
    • girls = internalizing (hold it in)
  42. Adol adjustment to divorse
    reasearch indicates that most adol completently cope with their parents divorce

    histocally dicorse was studed using the "father absent" model
  43. Multiple Factor Model
    • the way divorces is studied uses many facotors like family structure ( childs age, gender of siblings, number of siblings)
    • nature of events surronding divorce (infideitly, econmincs, conflicts, parenting style) types of cutody, socioeconmics, post divorce conflict
  44. Should parents stay together for the sake fo the children
    • if there is high conflict bw spouses divorce may be more advantages for kids
    • should only stay together if parents can get along well enough to raise kids
  45. most diffiuclt adjustment time
    1st year following divorces then imporves 2 years following divorce
  46. ____ % of adol from divorece homes spend as little time at home as possible
  47. Personality and temperament in the individual adol risk vulnerability
    socially mature and easy temperament show fewer behavior problems
  48. age at time of divorce
    • preschool children ave more long term problems than older kids bc they blame themselves
    • (anxiety and stress, fear , lack of resources
  49. Custody Issues
    • gen. joint custody is best
    • some studies show boys with dads and girls with mom adjust better
    • custody issues also deal with relocation ( if children has to move they tend to have more adjustment problems)
  50. Socioeconomic status
    • custodial moms lose about 25-50% of their pre-divorce income
    • father looses 10%
    • sonce mom gets domicillary right more other this income drop my result in increase workloads, move to bad neighnorhood, inferior schools, less materialistic
  51. step families
    • after divorce many people remarry
    • approx. 50% of kids form divorced home will have a step dad within 4 years
    • divorce rate is 10% higher (60%) in 2nd marraige
    • adj. time for step familys = 3-5 years
  52. Types of Stepfamilies
    • Step Fater =most common
    • Stepmother = 2nd most common
    • Blended (complex= both parentrs have bring kids into new family) 

    Complex = most likley to fail (problems = gen kids have a better relationships with cutodial parent tan with step parent)
  53. neo traditional  realtionship type
    • both adults want a family and plan ahead for adjustments
    • fairly realistic
    • not naive
    • 3-5 years well adjusted
    • good chance to succeed
  54. Matriachat
    • mother has sutody and making desision realted to her kids
    • step father = baby sitter
    • step dad is money and mom runs every thing and it causes probs b/w the adults
    • kids dont listen and fight with step dad saying your not my dad
    • difficult to succeed
  55. Romantic Relationship
    • going to fail
    • adults get along well and forget about kids till 2 late and try to make a family
  56. adjustmetn for step families
    • problmes are similar to those from divorce homes
    • can take up to 5 years to adjust
    • boundry issues (confusses of roles and and parents start parenting again instead of just being the child friend)
  57. Adjust problems include
    • boundary ambiguity
    • family relcation
    • discipline (step parent should never just walk in and start disciplining)
    • ex spouse problems
    • age of kids
  58. Working Parents
    generally speaking not a big probles accoring to most reasearch
  59. Latchkey Kids
    • also the 3-6 syndrome
    • means there is no adult supervision after school and during summer
    • day care is ok for kids depending on the place
  60. Crime vs Latchkey Kids
    90% of kids in trouble are Latchkey kids
  61. Family relocation
    very difficult for 12-14 year old girls (make closer realtion ships than boys)
  62. Adoption
    • old way to adopt meant alot of screenign to weed out bad parents
    • new = screen people in on less strict guide line bc more kids need homes
  63. Problems of adoption
    • older kids are less likely to suceed
    • parents can find kids and cause problems
  64. step family gender problems
    adol girls have more probs with step dads