The Self Vocabulary

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The Self Vocabulary
2013-05-02 14:58:23
self social psychology PSYC200 UNE hewstone

Chapter 5 from Introducing Social Psychology 5E Hewstone et al.
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  1. a theory that our self-esteem functions as a signal of the degree to which we feel accepted or rejected by other people
    sociometer theory
  2. motivation to affirm firmly held self-beliefs arising from a desire for stable and coherent self-views
  3. the tendency to engage in self-defeating behaviours in order to provide a subsequent excuse for failure and augment ability attributions in the case of success
  4. a range of strategies we adopt to shape what others think of us
  5. non-conscious vs automatic positive evaluations of self-associated objects
    implicit egotism
  6. striving to reach an accurate and objective understanding of the self
    self-assessment motive
  7. motivation to enhance the positivity of our self-conceptions often over what would be objectively warranted; achieved by various strategies (eg. self-serving attributions, basking in reflected glory, positive self-presentations)
  8. a process by which we establish who we are through mutual give-and-take interactions with others
    identity regulation
  9. accounts for people's reasons for self-regulation: if self-regulation is motivated by external pressure it is effortful; if it is freely chosen it is much more efficient without being depleting
    self-determination theory
  10. a temporary reduction of one's self-regulatory capacities due to restricted energy resources after sustained self-control efforts
    ego depletion
  11. the process of controlling and directing one's behaviour in order to achieve desired thoughts, feelings and goals
  12. a psychological state in which one's attention is directed at the self
  13. a theory that assumes people cope with the fear of their own death in constructing world views that help preserve self-esteem
    terror management theory
  14. while [1] self emphasises autonomy and individualism and defines the self via internal attributes like traits, an [2] self stresses the connection to others and defines the self in terms of relationships with others
    independent vs interdependent self
  15. the positivity of a person's automatic or non-conscious evaluation of him or herself
    implicit self-esteem
  16. the overall evaluation that we have of ourselves along a positive-negative dimension
  17. contain our potential (possible selves), as well as our wishes & aspirations (ideal self), and the duties & obligations (ought self) that we, or significant others, hold for us
    desired selves
  18. subset of relevant self-knowledge that is activated and guides our behaviour in a given situation
    working self-concept
  19. the tendency to process and remember self-related information better than other information
    self-reference effect
  20. mental structures that help us organise and guide the processing of self-related information
  21. the cognitive representation of our self-knowledge consisting of a sum total of all beliefs we have about ourselves. It gives coherence and meaning to one's experience, including one's relations to other people
  22. a process of comparing oneself with others in order to evaluate one's own abilities and opinions
    social comparison
  23. inferences regarding others' appraisals of us that we gain by observing other people's reactions towards us
    reflected appraisals
  24. the theory assumes that when inner states are ambiguous people can infer these states by observing their own behaviour
    self-perception theory
  25. the process by which one observes and examines one's internal states (mental and emotional) for behaving in a certain way
  26. a person's views and knowledge about him or herself is shaped through an active construal process that plays out in interaction with the social environment. This process is motivated by how one would like to see oneself