community nursing

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UTHHSCNURSING
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215167
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community nursing
Updated:
2013-04-22 18:41:19
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community nursing
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vocabulary
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  1. Acceptability
    The relationship between the client's attitudes about providers and provider's attitudes about acceptable client characteristics. 22
  2. access
    the ability to obtain health care services in a timely manner, at a reasonable cost, by a qualified practitioner , at an accessible location. 11
  3. accessibility
    the relationship between the location of the services and the client's location. 22
  4. accommodation
    the relationship between how services are organized (e.g., hours of operation, appointment systems) and the client's ability to accommodate to these factors. 22
  5. accreditation
    a means to assess the quality of services and care of an organization. Specific minimum standards mus be met by an organization in order to obtain accreditation. 10
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  8. active immunity
    is when the body produces its own antibodies against an antigen, either from infection with the pathogen or introduction of the pathogen in a vaccine. 25
  9. activities of daily living
    activities usually performed in the course of a normal day in a person's life, such a bathing, dressing, eating, mobility, or toileting. 21
  10. actuarial classification
    individuals enrolled in specific programs are classified using the statistical mathematics of insurance, including probabilities to ensure the premium payments will adequately provide future payouts. 11
  11. acute condition
    a type of illness or injury that usually lasts less than 3 months and either results in restricted activity or causes the patient to receive medical care. 18
  12. ADA Amendments Act of 2008
    a bipartisan bill supported by disability advocates and employers, became effective on January 1, 2009, making it easier for a person "seeking protection under the ADA to establish that he or she has a disability within the meaning of the ADA. 21
  13. Ada Mayo Steward
    hired by the Vermont Marble Company in 1895 to car for workers and their families; considered to be the first industrial nurse. 30
  14. addiction
    compulsive use patterns and the onset of withdrawal symptoms when substance use is abruptly stopped. 26
  15. administrative agencies
    departments of the executive branch with the authority to implement or administer particular legislation. 12
  16. adolescent pregnancy
    pregnancy before the age of 18.  16
  17. advance directive
    a written document in which a competent person gives instructions about his or her health care that are to be implemented in the future if the individual is not able to make the decisions. 19, 33
  18. adverse selection
    when a larger proportion of people with poorer health status enroll in specific plans or options. Plans that enroll a sub-population with lower than average costs are favorably selected. 11
  19. affordability
    the price of provider services or payment requirements and the client's ability to pay. 22
  20. age-adjustment of rates
    also known as standardization of rates. A method of reducing bias when there are differences in the age distributions of two population being compared. 5
  21. agent
    causative factor invading a susceptible host through an environment favorable to produce disease, such as biological or chemical agent. 25
  22. age-specific rates
    rates that characterize a particular age group in the population, usually with regard to deaths and births. 5
  23. aggregates
    population subgroups in a community made up of people who share one or more common characteristics. 1, 6, 14
  24. aging
    a universal human experience that culminates in final end. 19
  25. agoraphobia
    an anxiety disorder characterized by a fear of being in an open, crowded, or public place, where escape is perceived as difficult or help not available in case of sudden incapacitation. 24
  26. alternative housing options
    refers to the various types of housing that the elderly may choose. These include retirement communities or apartments, continuing care retirement facilities, assisted living facilities, and board and care facilities and homes. Services at these facilities include meal preparation, housekeeping, laundry, and medication administration. 19
  27. alternative therapies
    therapies not considered mainstream healthcare, such as massage therapy, herbal therapy, healing touch, energetic healing, acupuncture, and acupressure. 10
  28. Alzheimer's disease
    a slowly progressive brain disorder that begins with mild memory loss and progresses through stages to total incapacitation and eventually death. 19
  29. ambulatory care
    medical services provided on an outpatient basis in a hospital or clinic setting. 11
  30. American Red Cross
    a national organization founded in 1881 through the efforts of Clara Barton that seeks to reduce human suffering through various health, safety, and disaster-relief programs in affiliation with the International Committee of the Red Cross. 28
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  32. analytic epidemiology    
    method that investigates the causes of disease by determining why a disease rate is lower in one population group than in another.       5
  33. androgen           
    any steroid hormone that increases male characteristics.              18
  34. anorexia nervosa            
    a disorder of self-starvation characterized by significant weight loss, amenorrhea, compulsive physical activity, preoccupation with food, and a distorted body image.                 24
  35. antigenicity        
    stimulates an immune response in the host.       25

  36. anxiety disorder            
     a disorder involving tension within a person or system that increases emotional reactivity.  19
  37. anxiety disorders       
    a group of conditions characterized by feelings of anxiety. Attributed to genetic makeup and life experiences. like generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and PTSD.  24
  38. atmospheric quality       
    • the protectiveness of the atmospheric layers, the risks of severe weather, and the purity of the air available for breathing purposes.    14       
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  40. attention deficit hyperactivity disorder/attention deficit disorder (ADHD/ADD) 
    a behavior disorder characterized by developmentally inappropriate degrees of inattention, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. 24
  41. availability          
    refers to the relationship between the amount (i.e., number of providers and facilities) and type of health care services and the amount and type of client needs.                 22
  42. awakened social consciousness         
    an outlook that is aware of processes of unjust actions, may question dominant assumptions, and may join with others in resisting mainstream actions.   22
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  44. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation           
    founded in 2000, this foundation has local, national, and global objectives. Globally, the foundation focuses on reducing extreme poverty, improving health, and increasing public library access.      15
  45. bipolar disorder        
    a major mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania, depression, or mixed mood. One or the other phase may be predominant at any given time, one phase may appear alternately with the other, or elements of both phases may be present simultaneously.     24
  46. breast cancer     
    cancer found in the breast tissue; results in 15% of all cancer deaths.      17
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  48. capitated reimbursement          
      a method of payment for health services in which the provider is paid a fixed amount for each patient without regard to the actual number or nature of services provided.            11
  49. cardiovascular disease  
    includes high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, stroke, congenital defects, and rheumatic heart disease.   17
  50. care management    
    consists of programs that apply systems, science, incentives, and information to improve medical practice and to allow clients and their support systems to participate in a collaborative process with a goal of improving medical, social, and mental health conditions more effectively. 9
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