Principles of Science Chapter 1 -3
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What's Newton's first law of motion?
Objects moving at a Constant velocity keeps moving unless an unbalanced net force acts on it
A Combination of forces Acting on an object.
The tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
Push or pull on an object
Equal but opposite forces acting on an object
The acceleration of an object that is slowing down
The acceleration of an object that is Speeding up
The rate of Change in velocity
A visual display of Information or data
A measure of speed Of an object and the direction it is traveling
The distance an object travels in an amount Of time
the speed of an object at one point in time
A measure of how far an object has moved
the distance and direction that something moved from a starting point
the total distance traveled in a unit of time
The formula for density
- density= --------------------
V = l x w x h
The formula for volume
volume = length x width x height
The SI prefix for one billionth
(0.000 000 001)
The SI prefix for one millionth
The SI prefix for one thousandth
The SI prefix for one hundredth
The SI prefix for one tenth
The SI prefix for one thousand
What is SI
The International System of Units, which is based on multiples of ten
The SI measure for the intensity of light
The SI measure for amount of substance
The SI measure for temperature
The SI measure for electric current
The SI measure for length and/or distance
The SI measure for mass
The SI measure for time
The formula for speed
- speed = -----------------------
What is the formula to calsulate average speed?
- The formulas is:
- total distance
- average speed= -------------- total time
The fomula for acceleration
- change in velocity
- acceleration = ------------------
What is the formula to calculate change in velocity?
The formula is:
- in = final - initial
- velocity velocity velocity
What are the SI base units of measure?
An exact quanity that people agree to use to compare mesurements
The investigation of earth and space.
Thy study of energy and matter that is scientific in nature
The study of living things
What are the three main categories of science?
- Life science
- Earth science
- Physical sciense
The application of science to help people
A statement about what happens in nature that seems true all the time
Anything that represents an idea, event or object to improve understanding
What is expected cjanges how results are viewed
An explanation for a question or problem based on what you know and observe.
the measrement of the quantity of matter in a object
The mass per unit volume of material
An investigation that tests a hypothesis by collecting information under controlled conditions
What are the stpes of the scientific method?
- State the problem
- Gather Information
- From Hypothesis
- Test Hypothesis
- Analyze Data
- Hypothesis or Hypothesis
- not supported
The steps a scientist follows when preforming an investigation
A standard in an experiment against which results are compared
A condition in an experiment that dose not change
In an experiment, the condition that is tested
The condition in an experiment that results from the changes made to the independent variable
A quantity that can have more that one value
The latin word for knowledge
List the three way velocity can change.
- change in direction
- change in speed
- change in motion
What is Newton's second law of motion?
The net force acting on an object causes the object to accelerate in the direction of the net force.
The highest speed a falling objest can reach
A force that opposes the slliding motion of two srufaces that a are touching each other
A force that opposes the movement of objects through air
the force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past each other
the force that keeps two surfaces at rest from sliding over each other
What is the formula to find acceleration when force and mass are known?
- net force
- acceleration = --------------
What is the fromula to find force when mass in know?
net force = mass x acceleration
An attractive force between two objects
What is the law of Universal Gravitation?
Allow us to find the force of gravity beween any two objects if their masses ans the distance beween them are known.
The gravitational force exerted on an object
Acceleration toward the center of a curved path.
The net force exerted toward the center of a curved path
What is Newton's third law of motion?
To every action force ther is an equal and opposite reaction force.
the product of a moving object's mass and velocity
What is the fromula for momentum?
momentum = mass x velocity
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