Public Speaking Chapter 17/18 Jaffe

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seanthelawless
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Public Speaking Chapter 17/18 Jaffe
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2013-04-23 01:28:06
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Public Speaking Chapter 17 18 Jaffe
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Public Speaking Chapter 17/18 Jaffe
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  1. Artistic proofs
    • reasons to accept an argument that the speaker makes to an
    • audience.
  2. 3 artistic proofs
    • Ethos – believe , depends on the personal character of the
    • speaker

    Pathos- think – on putting the audience in a certain frame of mind

    Logos- feel – the proof or apparent proof provided by the words of the speech itself. Often called rational proofs.
  3. Ethos
    believe , depends on the personal character of the speaker
  4. Pathos
    think – on putting the audience in a certain frame of mind
  5. Logos
    • feel– the proof or apparent proof provided by the words of the speech itself. Often
    • called rational proofs.
  6. Debatable point or proposal you want listeners to accept
    Claim
  7. personal credibility or character traits that make a speaker believable and worth of the
    audience’s confidence
    Ethos
  8. comparing things that are generally different but share a recognizable similarity
    Reasoning by metaphor
  9. a polarizing speaker who appeals to audiences more on the basis of emotion and
    personal charisma than on reasoned arguments.
    Demagogue
  10. starting with specific instances or examples then formulating a reasonable conclusion.
    Inductive reasoning
  11. starting with a principle(the premise) and applying it to aspecific case
    Deductive reasoning
  12. comparing likenesses between two similar things, arguing that what happened in a known
    case will likely happen in a similar case
    Parallel case or literal analogy
  13. supporting material offered to back up claim
    Evidence, data, or grounds
  14. argument about right or wrong, moral or immoral, beautiful or ugly
    Value claim
  15. the standards used for making evaluations or judgments
    Criteria
  16. links one phenomenon to another that preceded it and led to it.
    causal relationship
  17. argument about existence, causation, or predictions
    Factual claim
  18. satisfaction pattern- good for value or definition speeches; sets forth standards for judgement or for inclusion, in a category, and then shows how the proposal
    criteria
  19. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
    basic needs, security and safety, love and belonging, esteem, self actualization
  20. Basic needs
    survival needs, air, food, water, shelter
  21. Security and safety
    explain how to gain peace of mind, job security, safety, comfort, better health, physical safety, and so on
  22. Love and belonging
    show how your topic helps your listeners be better friends, creates a stronger community, or builds ties within people
  23. Esteem
    demonstrate your respect for your listeners, and mention their accomplishments when appropriate. Find a way to make them feel competent to carry our your proposal, Let them know that their ideas opinions and concerns are significant
  24. Self-actualization
    challenge your listeners to look beyond themselves and reach out to others. Encourage them to dream big dreams, and accomplish big things.

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