- Where you get all the details on one person.
- A detailed description of a particular individual being studied or treated which may be used to formulate broader research hypotheses.
These studies are often conducted because the individuals experience is highly unusual--their behavior allows us to reflect on what must be happening for all individuals.
This study is more commonly used by clinicians, occasionally used by researchers.
ex: Individuals who have brain injuries that produce specific, characteristic behavior. Case studies allow scientists to infer how the injured areas function within an intact brain.