Dep 2000 Exam 5

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Dep 2000 Exam 5
2013-04-23 05:43:33
human growth death late adulthood

human growth
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  1. Autobiographical memory
    Memories about one's own life
  2. Implicit memories
    Memories which people are not consciously aware of (how to ride a bike)
  3. Explicit memories
    Memory that is conscious and that can be recalled intentionally
  4. Types of grief
    • 1) shock, numbness, denial
    • 2) confront death and realize extent of their loss
    • 3) accomodation stage; moving on
  5. Peripheral slowing hypothesis
    Overall processing speed declines in the peripheral nervous system with age
  6. Telomeres
    Tiny, protective areas of DNA at the tip of chromosomes
  7. Neugarten personality types: people in 70's dealing with aging
    • Disintegrated/disorganized: unable to accept aging and fearful; found in nursing homes & hospitals
    • Passive-dependent: fearful of aging; seek help even when not needed
    • Defended: try to stop aging
    • Integrated: accept getting older with dignity
  8. Pollyana principle
    Pleasant memories are more likely to be recalled than unpleasant ones
  9. Glaucoma
    Condition in which the pressure of the fluid in the eye increases, either because the fluid doesn't drain or because there is too much
  10. Developmental stake
    Parents wanting to be closer to children so they can pass on their beliefs, values, standards
  11. Ego Integrity-vs-Despair (Erikson)
    • Integrity: fulfilled life and possibilities
    • Despair: dissatisfaction with life
  12. Selective optimization
    Process in which people concentrate on selected skill areas to compensate for losses in other areas
  13. Peck's developmental stages: personality in elderly occupied by 3 tasks
    • Redefinition of self-vs-proccupation with work role: elderly must redefine themselves in ways that do not relate to occupations
    • Body transcendence-vs-body preoccupation: elderly must learn to cope with changes in physical abilities
    • Ego transcendence-vs-ego preoccupation: elderly must come to grips with coming death
  14. Life expectancy
    Average age of death for members of a population
  15. Dementia
    Common mental disorder, covers several diseases, all include memory loss accompanied by declines in other mental functioning
  16. Stereotype (ageism)
    • Identical behavior by younger and older people interpreted differently
    • Baby talk to elderly
  17. Types of old (functional age)
    • Young old (65-75): healthy and active
    • Old old (75-85): health problems and difficulties with daily activities
    • Oldest old (85+): frail and need care
  18. Sexual activity
    • Sexually active in 80s/90s
    • Increases life span
    • Use it or lose it
  19. Semantic memories
    General knowledge and facts (state capitals)
  20. Continuity theory
    People need to maintain their desired level of involvement in society in order to maximize their self esteem
  21. Activity theory
    Successful aging occurs when people maintain the interests, activities, and social interactions with which they were involved in middle age
  22. Kubler-Ross stages: theory of death and dying
    (DABDA) denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
  23. Bereavement
    Acknowledgement of the objective fact that one has experienced a death
  24. Death across lifespan
    • Infancy/childhood: SIDS, accidents
    • Adolescence: car accidents, suicide
    • Young adulthood: accidents, suicide
    • Middle adulthood: stroke
    • Late adulthood: cancer, heart disease
  25. Functional death
    No heart beat, no breathing
  26. Terminal decline
    Rapid decrease in cognitive functioning (suffering, burden to loved ones)
  27. Passive euthanasia
    Removing medical equipment keeping person alive
  28. Assisted suicide
    Providing means for a terminally ill person to commit suicide
  29. Childhood understanding of death
    Seen as temporary until age 9
  30. DNR
    Do not resuscitate
  31. Personal fable
    Set of beliefs that makes one feel special/unique
  32. Health care proxy
    Designated person to make health choices
  33. Concerns facing death (early adults)
    Desire to develop intimate relationships and plans for the future
  34. Hospice care
    Care institution designated for the terminally ill
  35. Thanalogist
    Person studying death/dying
  36. Suicide rate (late adulthood)
    White men over 85 at highest risk
  37. Living will
    Legal document stating what medical procedures one wants/doesn't want to stay alive