CDO 439 Issues of Cultural and Linguistic Diversity

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shanamd2011
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CDO 439 Issues of Cultural and Linguistic Diversity
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2013-04-23 10:56:18
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CDO 439 Issues Cultural Linguistic Diversity
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CDO 439 Issues of Cultural and Linguistic Diversity
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  1. Who are the culturally and linguistically diverse?
    • Norm – relative to SL development/disorders
    •    Caucasian
    •    Middle class
    • Census –
    •    African American
    •    Asian American
    •    Hispanic/Latino
    •    Native American
  2. Melting Pot v. Mosaic
    • Melting pot
    •    Diverse races
    •    Ethnic groups
    •    Religions
    •    Languages
    •    Etc.
    • These mainstreamed into an American culture
    • Mosaic
    •    Individual races
    •    Ethnic groups
    •    Religion groups
    •    Languages
    • Loss of identities decreased… cultural and linguistic identities retained/maintained
  3. Mosaic (1995 vs 2050)
    • African American – increase 2.5%
    • Asian American – increase 6.5%
    • Hispanic / Latino – increase 12.5 %
    • Native American – increase .25%
    • Caucasian will DECREASE about 20% (85% down to 65%
  4. Language Use
    • Not limited to urban areas
    • Significant increase in Spanish and African American English
  5. What does this mean for schools?
    • 50 million school age children
    • 10.5 million culturally and linguistically diverse
  6. SLP Opportunities
    • Highly likely that you will have the opportunity!
    • Thus…
    • We must acknowledge the act that communication is reflective of cultures
    • And…
    • We must expect communicative interactions to vary
  7. Another message to SLPs
    • Cultures interact with children in different ways depending on the context
    • Parent-child interactions and communications are different within a given culture (richness of language may not be observed by the English speaker)
  8. SLP responsibilities
    • Open to seeking out information
    •    Read/study
    •    Talk to
    •    Work with
    •    Volunteer/community work
    •    Learn another language
  9. Socio-Linguistic Factors
    • Verbal and non-verbal
    •    Socialization (work and/or play situations)
    •    Family characteristics (country of birth, degree of acclimation into American society, knowledge of the US educational system, etc.)
    • Individual differences (African Americans and African American English) (DO NOT CALL IT Ebonics)
  10. SLP Encounters – Bilingual v. Dialectal
    • Bilingual
    •    Most countries are bilingual/multilingual (60% of Europeans have a second language)
    •    America has no “official” language. Thus it is not officially bilingual. 30 million of Americans have a primary language other than English
    •    At least 26 languages spoken in America
  11. Degree of Bilingualism – Primary v. Secondary Factors
    • Primary
    •    Linguistic
    •    Social
    •    Emotional
    •    Political
    •    Demographics
    •    Culture
    • Secondary
    •    Generalization level
    •    Age
    •    Occupation
    •    Opportunities to use English
    •    Exposure to English media
    •    Nature of Interactions
  12. Bilingual Proficiency
    • Varying degrees of proficiency based upon
    •    Situation
    •    ...
  13. Dialect
    • Many representations in US
    •    Southern Caucasian Standard
    •    Northern Caucasian Standard
    •    African American Standard
    •    General American
    • Definition – dialect is a rule governing language which is representational of
    •    Social
    •    Ethnic
    •    Geographics
    • Every dialect is mutually intelligent form of a language influenced by
    •    Region
    •    Social class
    •    Ethnic group
  14. Dialectal Differences
    • Differ across all areas of language
    •    Phonology
    •    Syntax
    •    Morphology
    •    Lexicon
    •    Pragmatics
  15. We are all IDIOLECTS! – we all have our own way of speaking
  16. Registers of Language
    • Language is dependent upon context and conversational partners known as “registers”
    • Registers of language change as our partners, setting, or topics change
  17. Accent v. Dialect
    • Accent refers to pronunciation
    •    Dawn – Don
  18. Super/Superior Dialects
    • NOT!!
    • But… General American English is the “gold standard” of dialects
    •    Education
    •    Media

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