Chapter 14 Nervous System

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ther10t
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215335
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Chapter 14 Nervous System
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2013-04-24 17:20:47
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SRJC medical Terminology spring 2013 nervous system chapter 14
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Chapter 14 Nervous System
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  1. cephal/o
    head
  2. cerebell/o
    little brain
  3. cerebr/o
    cerebrum
  4. chrom/o
    color
  5. cran/i or crani/o
    skull
  6. cyt/o
    cell
  7. dendr/o
    tree
  8. disk/o
    a disk
  9. dur/o
    hard
  10. electr/o
    electricity
  11. encephal/o
    brain
  12. esthesi/o
    feeling
  13. fibr/o
    fiber
  14. gli/o
    glue
  15. hypn/o
    sleep
  16. lamin/o
    thin plate
  17. later/o
    side
  18. lob/o
    lobe
  19. mening/i or mening/o
    membrane
  20. ment/o
    mind
  21. my/o
    muscle
  22. myel/o
    bone marrow or spinal cord
  23. narc/o
    numbness, sleep, stupor
  24. neur/i or neur/o
    nerve
  25. pallid/o
    globus pallidus
  26. papill/o
    papilla
  27. phe/o
    dusky
  28. poli/o
    gray
  29. somn/o
    sleep
  30. spin/o
    thorn, spine
  31. spondyl/o
    vertebra
  32. vag/o
    wandering
  33. ventricul/o
    verntricle
  34. neurons
    nerve cells
  35. neuroglia
    nerve cells and their supporting tissue
  36. axon
  37. dentrites
  38. acetylcholine (ACh)
    plays an important role in the transmission of nerve impulses
  39. akathisia
    inability to remain still
  40. akinesia
    • a-  is lack of
    • -kinesia is motion or movement

    loss of or lack of voluntary motion
  41. amnesia
    lack of memory
  42. ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    • Lou Gehrig's disease
    • muscular weakness, atrophy
  43. analgesia
    • an- lack of
    • algesia-pain

    a condition in which there is a lack of sensation of pain
  44. anencephaly
    a condition in whick there is a lack of development ofthe brain
  45. anesthesia
    loss or lack of feeling
  46. aphagia
    lack or loss of ability to swallow
  47. aphasia
    lack or loss of the ability to speak
  48. apraxia
    loss or lack of ability to use or know what common objects are
  49. asthenia
    loss or lack of strength
  50. astrocytoma
    a star shaped tumor in the brain
  51. ataxia
    lack of coordination
  52. bradykinesia
    abnormal slow motion
  53. cephalalgia
    head pain, headache
  54. cerebellar
    pertaining to the cerebellum
  55. Frontal Lobe (major motor area, personality, speech)
  56. Cerebrum (control memory, emotions, voluntary movements)
  57. Temporal Lobe (hearing, smell, language input)
  58. Medulla Brain Stem 
    • acts as cardiac, respiratory, and vasomotor control center. 
  59. Parietal Lobe (language, temperature, pressure, touch, muscle control.)
  60. Occipital Lobe (vision processor)
  61. Cerebellum (coordination, voluntary and involuntary movement, adjust muscles to maintain posture)
  62. CB cerebral palsy
    a disorder causing motor dysfunction
  63. cerebrospinal
    pertaining to the cerebrum and the spinal cord
  64. chorea
    abnormal involuntary movement disorder
  65. coma
    unconscious state in which the patient cannot be aroused
  66. concussion (brain)
    • mild head injury (MHI)
    • mild tramatic head injury (MTHI)
  67. craniectomy
    surgical excision of a portion of the skull
  68. craniotomy
    surgical incision into the skull
  69. deep brain stimulation (DBS)
    surgically implants a device that delivers an electric stimulation in the brain to help control some symptoms like with Parkinson's Disease
  70. diskectomy
    sugical excision (removal) of an intervertebral disk
  71. dysphasia
    impaired speech
  72. electroencephalograph
    medical instrument used to record the electical activity of the brain
  73. electromyography
    the process of recording the contractions of a skeletal muscle as a result of electrical treatment
  74. encephalitis
    inflamation of the brain
  75. endorphins
    a chemical produced in the brain that act as natural analgesics
  76. epilepsy
    • epi- means upon
    • -lepsy means seizure
  77. ganglionectomy
    • ganglion means knot
    • ectomy means surgical excision (removal)
    • surgical removal of a nerve mass outside the brain and spinal cord
  78. glioma
    glue-tumor

    a tumor made of neuroglial tissue
  79. Guillain-Barre' syndrome
    condition where myelin are destroyed resulting in sudden muscle weakness
  80. hemiparesis
    weakness on 1/2 of the body caused by a brain or nerve disease
  81. hemiplegia
    paralysis on 1/2 of the body
  82. HDS herniated disk syndrome
    the gelatinous part inside of a disk is forced into a weak area of the disk 
  83. herpes zoster
    shingles
  84. hydrocephalus
    a condition in which there is an increased amount of fluid in the brain
  85. hyperesthesia
    excessive feeling, touch, sound, like pain
  86. hyperkinesis
    excessive motion
  87. intracranial
    pertaining to within the skull
  88. laminectomy
    surgical excision (removal) vertebral posterior arch
  89. meningioma
    • tumor of the meninges
    • The meninges is the system of membranes that envelope the central nervous system.
  90. meninges
    The meninges is the system of membranes that envelope the central nervous system.
  91. 3 layers of meninges are
    meninges consist of three layers: the 1 dura mater, the 2 arachnoid mater, and the 3 pia mater.
  92. meningitis
    inflamation of the meninges of the spinal cord or brain
  93. meningocele
    hernia of the meninges
  94. meningomyelocele
    • mening means membrane
    • myelo means spinal cord
    • cele means hernia

    hernia in the spinal cord
  95. microcephalus
    pertaining to a small head, abnormally small head
  96. myelitis
    inflamation of the spinal cord
  97. myelography
    X-ray that records the spinal cord after an injection of radioactive medium

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