Card Set Information
the branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by others
____ _____ ____ are seen as more sociable, friendly, poised, warm and well adjusted, competant
good looking people
we tend to be relatively accurate in determining someone's sexual orientation and can make inferences about personality from a handshake
organized clusters of hte ideas about categories of social events and people based on experience
widely held belief that people have certain characteristics b/c of their membership in a particular group?
ex of stereo types?
dumb blonde, asians are smart, italians talk with their hands
confirmation bias in person perception
we see what we expect to see
we overestimate the # of times we encounter confirmations of our beliefs
ex of illusory correlation?
i've never met an honest lawyer
i only meet foreigners that don't speak any english
people think that other's pay more attention to their actions and appearances than they actually do
why do we believe in the spotlight effect?
we believe that we are the center of our universe so we are focused on out own behavior especially our triumphs and mishaps
feel like you know your friends better than they know you
illusion of asymmetric insight
evolutionary perspective on bias in person perception?
attractiveness could be associated with reproductive success
ex of evolutionary perspective on bias in person perception?
baby faces are helpless and need naturing
why do we categorize?
to see if they are ingroup members of outgroup members which helps us to quickly recognize potential enemies or predators
inferences that people draw about the causes of events, other's behaviors and their own behavior
Blaming a factor, agent, or force within one’s control for causing an event.
Blaming an outside factor as the cause of an event
tendency to overestimate role of diposition/ internal/ personal factors
fundamental attribution error
ex of fundamental attribution error?
you failed, you must be stupid
in attempting to explain other people's setbacks in life, they have a stronger tendency to attribute it to internal causes (blame people for their own misfortune)
ex of defensive attribution?
you fell, person reponses, I was pushed
self serving bias?
enhancing the ego
ex of self serving bias?
i aced the test b/c i am good at math
i failed the test b/c the questions were bad and the teacher never taught us
putting personal goals ahead of group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group members
who is more prone to self serving bias?
US and western cultures
putting group goals and defining one's identity in terms of the groups one belongs to (family, tribe, work group, team)
who is less prone to the fundamental attribution error?
asian, african, and latin american cultures