SOCIO 220 CH 16

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SOCIO 220 CH 16
2013-05-15 11:54:22

Sociology 220 Chapter 16 final study notecards
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  1. Religion refers to...
    any set of coherent answers to dilemmas of human existence that makes the world meaningful

    e.g., it aims to answer the meaning of life and what happens after death
  2. Any religion can be broken into what two systems?
    • Beliefs
    • Rituals
  3. Religion is also a system of (1)______ and (2)______ that helps (3)_____ together in a (4)______ group.
    • 1. beliefs
    • 2. rituals
    • 3. bind
    • 4. social
  4. There is no religion that is (1)_______. All religions are (2)______ and (3)________ according to Sociology.
    • 1. superior
    • 2. important
    • 3. valuable
  5. Ritual refers to...
    a formal pattern of activity that expresses symbolically a set of shared meanings

    e.g., the very differences of the process of getting a baptism, communion, etc.
  6. What is the term that sociology uses concerning communion?
    symbolic cannibalism
  7. Sacred refers to...
    a term used to describe phenomena that are regarded as extraordinary, transcendent, and outside the everyday course of events

    it also refers to things related to the spiritual world

    e.g., the Bible, Koran, Torah, cross, star of David, etc.
  8. Profane refers to...
    a term used to describe phenomena that are considered sacred

    e.g., Movado watch, two carat diamond ring, new Mercedes Benz, new house
  9. Profane also refers to (1)______ related to the (2)______ world.
    Additionally profane is the (3)_______ of (4)_______. This does not mean that it is (5)_______ and that it is not part of the (6)_______ world.
    • 1. things
    • 2. secular
    • 3. opposite
    • 4. sacred
    • 5. negative
    • 6. spiritual
  10. Monotheism refers to...
    a term used to describe a theistic belief system centered on belief in a single all-powerful God

    it is also based on the notion that there is one God

    e.g., Christianity, Islam and Judaism are traditionally viewed as monotheistic
  11. Polytheism refers to...
    a term used to describe a theistic belief system that includes numerous Gods

    e.g., ancient Greek Gods, ancient Roman Gods, etc.
  12. Is Christianity (1)Monotheistic or (2)Polytheistic?
    • 1. The belief in one God.
    • 2. The Trinity involves the Father (God), the Son (Jesus) and the Holy Ghost. The idea of having to go through various beings to communicate with God. This is considered similar to the Greek Gods that had many Gods under Zeus to maintain contact to him and humans.
  13. Church refers to...
    a religious organization that has strong ties to the larger society
  14. Sect refers to...
    a religious organization that rejects the beliefs and practices of existing churches

    it is usually formed around a charismatic figure when a group leaves the church to form a rival organization

    e.g., the Church of Satan in San Francisco
  15. Outside of Sociology, a Sect is known as a ______.
  16. Denomination (according to Sociology) refers to...
    a religious organization that is on good terms with the institution from which it developed but must compete with other denominations for members

    e.g., Brookings AME Church & Parks Chapel AME Church must compete with First AME Church in Oakland
  17. Cult refers to...
    a new religion

    e.g., Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Buddhism all started out as new religions
  18. According to Sociology, a cult is not considered to not have a ________ connotation.
  19. All major religions, because they were all new when they first started were at one time considered a ______.
  20. Religiosity refers to...
    the depth of a person's religious feelings and how those feelings are translated into religious behavior
  21. An example of religiosity is that it can be measured with responses to questions about (1) whether
    one believes in (1)___ and how (2)_____; whether one believes in a (3)________;  whether one's religious beliefs provide (4)____________; and (4) the (5)______ of one's church or temple
    • 1.  God
    • 2. strongly
    • 3. life after death
    • 4. guidance in making major decisions
    • 5. frequency 
    • 6. attendance
  22. Which religion has the most church attendees consistently attend church meetings?
  23. Fundamentalists refers to...
    believers (and their leaders) who are devoted to the strict observance of ritual and doctrine
  24. Fundamentalists also refers to people who hold (1)____ _________ about right and wrong in matters of (2)______ and (3)________, with (4)______ tolerance for people who have (5)______ rituals and belief systems.
    • 1. deep convictions
    • 2. faith
    • 3. lifestyles
    • 4. little
    • 5. different
  25. There are ____________ in every religion including Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Buddhism.
  26. Someone considered a fundamentalist may considering it to be okay for the state to (1)________ someone's life, yet believe that (2)________ is not okay.
    • 1. terminate
    • 2. abortion