Sublist 3 Definitions

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schnusi
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215486
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Sublist 3 Definitions
Updated:
2013-04-26 18:55:27
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Scientific English
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English
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  1. one of two or more things that you can choose between
    alternative (noun)
  2. 1. that you can use, do etc instead of sth else
    alternative (adj.)
  3. 2. Different to what is usual or traditional
    alternative (adj.)
  4. 1. the facts and events that affect what happens in a particular situation
    circumstance (noun)
  5. the amount of money that you have
    circumstances (pl) (noun)
  6. as the result of a particular situation
    In/ under the circumstances
  7. never; not for any reason
    In/ under no circumstances
  8. to say what you think or feel about sth
    comment (verb), comment on sth
  9. something that you say or write that gives your opinion or feeling about sth
    comment (noun)
  10. 1. a spoken description on the radio or television of sth as it is happening
    commentary (noun)
  11. 2. A written explanation or discussion of sth such as a book or play
    commentary (noun)
  12. to pay somebody for something, to refund something
    compensate (verb)
  13. recompense
    compensation (noun)
  14. part, element, constituent of something
    component (noun)
  15. agreement, assent
    • consent (noun)
    • - Zustimmung, Bewilligung
  16. An opinion held by all or most, general agreement
    • consensus (noun)
    • - Konsens, Einigkeit
  17. rather large or great in size, distance, extent; worthy of respect, attention
    • considerable (adj)
    • - erheblich, betrachtlich
  18. not changing, remaining the same; going on all the time, continual, persistent.
    constant (adj.)
  19. not natural, forced
    • constrained (adj)
    • - gezwungen
  20. to restrict or limit sb/sth
    • constrain (verb) (often passive)
    • - behindern, einschränken
  21. strict control over the way that you behave or are allowed to behave
    • constraint (noun)
    • - Bedingung, Auflage, Beschränkung
  22. To give (support, money, etc.) for a common purpose or fund, to provide; to help to bring about a result, to lead to something
    • contribute (verb)
    • - beisteuern, mitwirken, spenden
  23. A voluntary gift (as money or service or ideas) made to some worthwhile cause
    • contribution (noun)
    • - Beitrag, Spende
  24. To come together, as in one body or for a public purpose, to meet, to assemble; to order to appear before a court of law, judge, tribunal, etc.
    • convene (verb)
    • - einberufen, versammeln
  25. conforming with accepted standards; following accepted customs and proprieties
    • conventional (adj)
    • - normal, üblich
  26. To place in the same order, rank, etc.; to bring into proper order or relation, to harmonise
    coordinate (verb)
  27. Harmonious adjustment or action, as of muscles in producing complex movements
    coordination (noun)
  28. (important part) the basic and most important part of something
    • core (noun)
    • - Kern, Ader
  29. (centre) the hard central part of some fruits, such as apples, which contains the seeds. the centre of a planet.
    • core (noun)
    • - Herzstück, Innenteil
  30. relating to a large company.
    • corporate (adj) (before noun)
    • - Gemeinschafts...
  31. (business) a large company or group of companies that is controlled together as a single organization
    • corporation (noun)
    • - Unternehmen, Gesellschaft
  32. to match or be similar or equal
    • correspond (verb)
    • - entsprechen
  33. to communicate by writing a letter or sending an email
    • correspond (verb)
    • - mit jemandem Briefe wechseln
  34. A standard or test by which individual things or people may be compared or judged. (singular)
    • criterion (noun)
    • - Argument (singular)
  35. A standard or test by which individual things or people may be compared or judged. (Plural)

    Plural form of criterion.
    criteria (noun)
  36. Form an opinion from a solid basis of fact
    • deduce (verb)
    • - ableiten, folgern
  37. That which is subtracted or removed; a sum that can be removed from tax calculations
    • deduction (noun)
    • - Schlussfolgerung, Abrechnung
  38. The act of presenting something to sight or view
    demonstration (noun)
  39. In an obvious and provable manner
    demonstrably (adj.)
  40. to show; to make clear, to show something and explain how it works
    demonstrate (verb)
  41. anything printed, written, etc. that contains information or is relied upon to record or prove something; anything serving as proof.
    document (noun)
  42. to provide with a document or documents; to provide with documents or supporting references; to provide, as by reference to documents; to gather and report the details of; cover or chronicle.
    document (verb)
  43. 1. to rule or control by superior power or influence.
    dominate (verb)
  44. 2. to tower over; rise high above the surroundings.
    dominate (verb)
  45. more important, strong or noticeable than anything else of the same type.
    dominant (adjective)
  46. Special importance or attention that is given to one thing in particular.
    • emphasis (noun)
    • - Schwerpunkt, Betonung
  47. very striking; forcible; definite
    • emphatic (adj)
    • - ausdrücklich
  48. control, check ascertain
    • ensure (verb)
    • - gewährleisten, sicherstellen
  49. assure, secure, to make sure or certain, guarantee
    • ensure (verb)
    • - garantieren
  50. prevent from entering, keep out, reject, put out
    • exclude (verb)
    • - ausschliessen, ausgrenzen
  51. not divided or shared with others
    • exclusive (adj.)
    • - alleinig, einzig, ausschliesslich
  52. excluding much or all; especially all but a particular group or minority
    • exclusive (adj.)
    • - einzig, auschliessend, abweisend
  53. hypothetical description of a complex entity or process, model or underlying structure
    • framework (noun)
    • - Rahmen, Gerüst
  54. an amount of money that has been saved or has been made available for a particular purpose
    • fund [noun]
    • - Fonds
  55. money that is available to be spent
    • funds [pl.]
    • - Fonds
  56. an amount or a supply of sth
    • fund of sth
    • - (A fund of knowledge)
  57. to provide money for sth, usually sth official
    • fund [verb]
    • - finanzieren, fördern
  58. to use pictures, photographs, diagrams, etc. In a book, etc
    illustrate sth (with sth) [verb] (usually passive)
  59. to make the meaning of sth clearer by using examples, pictures, etc
    illustrate [verb]
  60. to show that sth is true or that a situation exists, Synonym: demonstrate
    illustrate [verb]
  61. to come and live permanently in a country after leaving your own country – compare emigrate
    immigrate (to, from) [verb]
  62. the process of coming to live permanently in a country that is not your own; the number of people who do this – compare emigration
    immigration [noun]
  63. to suggest that sth is true or that you feel or think sth, without saying so directly because it is likely to be a negative view
    • imply (verb)
    • - unterstellen
  64. to make it seem likely that sth is true or exists
    • imply (verb)
    • - andeuten, implizieren
  65. happening at the beginning
    • initial (adj.)
    • - anfänglich
  66. The first letters of all of a person’s names
    initials (noun)
  67. to sign / mark sth with your initials
    • initial (verb)
    • - unterschreiben
  68. a particular example or case of sth
    • instance (noun)
    • - Beispiel
  69. to act on or in close relation with each other
    interact (verb)
  70. to prove or see to be just or valid; vindicate
    • justify (verb)
    • - begründen
  71. to show to be reasonable; warrant or substantiate
    • justify (verb)
    • - rechtfertigen, legitimieren
  72. single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance
    layer (noun)
  73. bond, connection
    link (noun)
  74. Association, bond in the field of engineering, physics, biology,...
    • linkage (noun)
    • - Koppelung...
  75. to settle, to domiciliate
    locate (verb)
  76. Place, lay
    location and locality (nouns)
  77. to change the place
    relocate (verb)
  78. to do/get the largest possible
    maximise (verb)
  79. someone who is too young to have the legal responsibilities of an adult.
    • minor / minors (noun, pl.)
    • - Minderjährige
  80. unimportant; having little importance, influence or effect, especially when compared with other things of the same type
    • minor (adj.)
    • - unbedeutend
  81. small part; a smaller number or part of something.
    minority / minorities (noun)
  82. to cause something to have no effect
    negating (verb)
  83. Verneinung..
    negation (noun)
  84. [no] expressing 'no'; a negative sentence or phrase is one which contains a word such as 'not', 'no', 'never' or 'nothing'
    negative (adj.) / negatively (adv.)
  85. [without hope] not hopeful, or likely to consider only the bad side of a situation
    negative (adj.) / negatively (adv.)
  86. [test results] (of a medical test) showing that the patient does not have the disease or condition for which he or she has been tested.
    negative (adj.)
  87. a result or effect of an action, situation, etc
    Outcome / outcomes (noun)
  88. an ally or companion,
    a member of a partnership
    partner (noun)
  89. The study of nature and meaning of the universe and of human life or a set of beliefs or an attitude to life that guides sb’s behaviour
    philosophy (noun)
  90. Connected with philosophy or having a calm attitude towards a difficult or disappointing situation
    philosophical (adj.)
  91. Of or relating to the body, as distinguished from the mind or spirit 

    of, relating to, or resembling material things or nature
    physical (adj.)
  92. the number or amount of a group or part of something when compared to the whole.
    proportion (noun)
  93. the size, shape or level of something
    proportion (noun)
  94. too large or too small in comparison to something else, or not deserving its importance or influence
    • disproportionate (adj.)
    • - überproportional, unverhältnismässig
  95. to make information available to people, especially in a book, magazine or newspaper, or to produce and sell a book, magazine or newspaper
    publish (verb)
  96. to act in a particular way as a direct result of something else.
    react (verb)
  97. to intentionally do the opposite of what someone wants you to do because you do not like their rules or ideas
    react against (sth) (verb)
  98. an (unpleasant) effect resulting from eating particular things or taking particular drugs
    reaction (noun)
  99. A list
    register (noun)
  100. To enroll
    register (verb)
  101. when you depend on or trust in something or someone
    • reliance (noun)
    • - Verlass, Vertrauen
  102. to need a particular thing or the help and support of someone or something in order to continue, to work correctly, or to succeed:
    rely on sb/sth (phrasal verb)
  103. to take something or someone away from somewhere, or off something.
    remove (verb)
  104. able to be removed.
    removable (adj)
  105. a model or a diagram, an abstract, a concept of something
    scheme (noun)
  106. to demonstrate something schematically means to demonstrate it in a diagram for example
    schematically (adv.)
  107. continuous
    sequential (adj.)
  108. progression, chronology
    sequence (noun)
  109. if an idea, attitude or plan shifts, or if someone shifts it, it changes
    shift (verb)
  110. a period of work time in a factory, hospital or other place where some people work during the day and some work at night
    • shift (noun)
    • - Dienst, (Arbeits-) Schicht
  111. a change in something, for example in someone’s ideas or opinions
    • shift (noun)
    • - Veränderung
  112. to explain something in an exact and detailed way
    • specify (verb)
    • - angeben, auflisten
  113. as much as is needed, enough
    sufficient (adj.)
  114. a piece of work that has to be done, especially an unpleasant of difficult one; to perform/ carry out/ undertake a task
    task (noun)
  115. 1.having to do with the practical, industrial, or mechanical arts or the applied sciences
    technical (adj)
  116. a practical method or art applied to some particular task.
    technique (noun)
  117. based on truth or reason; able to be accepted
    • valid (adj)
    • - stichhaltig, zulässig
  118. having legal force
    • valid (adj)
    • - gültig
  119. the state, quality, or fact of being valid in law or in argument, proof, authority, etc
    • validity (noun)
    • - Aussagekraft, Gültigkeit, Geltung
  120. A volume is a single book that is part of a collection; also a bibliographic identifier for a sequence of periodicals.
    • volume (noun)
    • - der Band
  121. 1. a quantity, bulk, mass, or amount
    • volume (noun)
    • - Volumen
  122. 2. a large quantity
    • volume (noun)
    • - die Menge
  123. 3. the degree, strength, or loudness of sound
    volume (noun)

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