Social Cognition Vocabulary

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gcad
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215548
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Social Cognition Vocabulary
Updated:
2013-05-02 14:58:05
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social cognition psychology PSYC200 UNE hewstone
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Chapter 4 from Introducing Social Psychology 5E Hewstone et al.
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  1. where suppression attempts fail; a suppressed stereotype returns to have an even greater impact on one's judgments about a person from a stereotyped group
    rebound effect
  2. trying to prevent an activated stereotype from impacting upon one's judgments about a person from a stereotyped group
    stereotype suppression
  3. proposes that two different processes can occur independently and that one does not inevitably follow from the other (eg. Devine's proposed dissociation between automatic and controlled processes in stereotyping in Devine, 1989)
    dissociation model
  4. reaction-type task that assesses attention left over from performing the primary task; doesn't take away attention from the primary task (ie. not resource depleting)
    probe reaction task
  5. a processing goal whereby perceivers believe they will have to justify their responses to a third party and be held responsible for their impressions; this typically leads to less stereotypical impressions
    accountability
  6. motivational objective in which participants believe they will later meet a target and work together with that target on a task; shown to lead to less stereotypical impressions
    outcome dependency
  7. views impression formation as a process going from category-based evaluations at one end to individuated responses at the other, dependent on the interplay of motivational and attentional factors
    continuum model of impression formation
  8. information about a person's personal characteristics not normally derived from a particular category membership
    individuating information
  9. where an outcome is conditional upon a certain goal being in place
    goal dependent
  10. goal that enables people to regulate responses, is engaged without conscious awareness (eg. overcoming a stereotype)
    implicit goal operation
  11. a positively valued behavioural end-state that encompasses the purposeful drive/motivation to engage in a behaviour/action/judgment
    goal
  12. a view of people as being often limited in processing capacity and apt to take shortcuts where possible to make life simple
    cognitive misers
  13. placing weight on initial standards/schemas (anchors) and as a result we may not always adjust sufficiently far from these anchors to provide accurate judgments
    anchoring (or adjustment heuristic)
  14. how quickly information comes to mind about a particular event, to deduce the likelihood/frequency of that event
    availability heuristic
  15. info that gives an idea how frequent certain categories are in the general population
    base rate information
  16. a mental shortcut whereby instances are assigned to categories on the basis of how similar they are to the category in general
    representation heuristic
  17. the way in which we translate what we see into a digestible format to be stored in the mind
    encoding
  18. cognitive measure (of accessibility) of how quickly people classify stimuli as real words or nonsense words; quicker responses to the certain word categories indicate increased accessibility
    lexical decision task
  19. the extent to which information is easily located and retrieved
    accessibility
  20. activating one stimulus (eg. bird) facilitates the processing of another related stimulus (eg. wing, feather)
    priming
  21. the tendency to group objects/people into discrete groups based upon shared characteristics common to them
    categorisation
  22. a cognitive structure that contains our knowledge, beliefs and expectancies about some human social group
    stereotype
  23. a well-used, non-optimal rule of thumb used to arrive at a judgment that is effective in many but not all cases; stereotypes are often said to function as [ ]
    heuristic
  24. cognitive structure or mental representation comprising pre-digested information or knowledge about objects/people from specific categories, our expectancies about objects/groups, what defines them
    schema
  25. a process that is intentional, under the individual's volitional control, effortful and entails conscious awareness
    controlled process
  26. occurs without intention, effort or awareness and doesn't interfere with other concurrent cognitive processes
    automatic process
  27. a large topic within social psychology concerned with understanding how we think about ourselves and other people and how the processes involved impact upon our judgments and behaviour in social contexts
    social cognition

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