E.M.T. Chapter 23: Abdominal Quadrants, Regions, and Structures.

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Arkeceion
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E.M.T. Chapter 23: Abdominal Quadrants, Regions, and Structures.
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2013-04-24 16:05:36
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EMT 23 Abdominal Quadrants Regions Structures
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Learn about the abdominal quadrants, regions, and structures!
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  1. How many quadrants does the abdominal cavity have?
    4
  2. what is the central reference point of the abdomen?
    The umbilicus is the central point of the abdomen.
  3. When referring the right and left quadrants, who's right and left?
    Refer to the patients right and left.
  4. Where are the R & L kidneys located?
    RUQ and the LUQ in the retroperitoneal space.
  5. What organs are located in the LUQ?
    Spleen, pancreas, most of the stomach, and part of the large intestine. The left kidney is located behind the abdominal lining in the retroperitoneal space.
  6. What organs are located in the RUQ?
    Gallbladder, most of the liver, and part of the large intestine. The right kidney is located behind the abdominal lining in the retroperitoneal space.
  7. What organs are located in the LLQ?
    Part of the large intestine and part of the female reproductive organs.
  8. What organs are located in the RLQ?
    Appendix, part of the large intestine, and part of the female reproductive organs.
  9. How many regions are in the abdominal cavity?
    9
  10. When assessing a patient's abdominal regions, we should look from the patients...?
    Look from the patients right to left, from top row down.
  11. Going from right to left and top row down, name the regions in order.
    R hypochondriac, epigastric, L hypochondriac

    R lumbar, umbilical, L Lumbar

    R iliac, hypogastric, L iliac
  12. How many types of structures does the abdominal cavity have and name them.
    The abdominal cavity contains 3 types of structures. Hollow organs, solid organs, and vascular structures.
  13. What are the solid organs in the abdominal cavity?
    The solid organs in the abdominal cavity are the spleen, liver, pancreas, kidneys and ovaries.
  14. What are the hollow organs in the abdominal cavity?
    The hollow organs in the abdominal cavity are the stomach, gallbladder, duodenum, large intestine, appendix, common bile duct, fallopian tubes, uterus, ureters, and the bladder.
  15. What are the Major vascular structures in the abdominal cavity?
    The major vascular structures in the abdominal cavity are the abdominal aorta and the inferior vena cava.
  16. What are the functions of most of the abdominal organs?
    Digestion of food, absorptions of nutrients into the body , and excretion of wastes.

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