Psyc 331 Exam1
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Psyc 331 Exam1
First exam for psych 331
What does sex mean?
Male or female, as determined by the reproductive organs and determined at conception
What does gender mean?
The prescriptions for someone: Gender roles, whats expected, norms.
What is Liberal Feminism?
Belief that women and men should have equality (same political, legal, economic, and educational rights and opportunities)
What is Cultural Feminism?
Belief that women attributes (nurturing, caring for others) should be valued.
What is Radical Feminism?
Belief that gender inequality is due from male dominance of women, both at work and home.
What is Socialist Feminism?
Focus on capitalism's dominance of women. Inequality is rooted from economic inequality (ethnic minorities, the poor, etc.)
What is womanism?
Recognize the importance of multiple identities.
What is the 19th amendment and when was it ratified?
Woman able to vote. 1920.
Whats important about Mary Wollstonecraft?
Wrote a book called Vindication for the Rights of Women in 1972. Showed that women were not property and that she wanted equality. Also stated not all women wanted to be homemakers.
Why is Soujurner Truth important?
A freed slaved. Went to convention in 1851 for women's rights where she made a speech.
Why is Nellie Taylor Ross?
First elected governor of Wyoming.
What does Rosa Parks symbolize?
Civil rights, and women's rights. Stood up for things that were wrong
Who is Betty Frieden?
She wrote a book which is like the 21st addition to the Vindication book. She was filling role of mother and wife, but didn't feel fulfilled.
Who is Ellen Johnson Sirleaf?
Sworn as Africa's (Liberia) president, becoming the first elected female head of state
What is Division 35 and when was it implemented?
It was The Society for the Psychology of Women in 1973.
What is Division 51, and when was it implemented?
It was The Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity in 1995
What is prejudice?
Unfair prejudgements, opinions, of people.
What is sexism?
Discrimination or prejudice against a sex.
What is Discrimination?
What is objectification?
To present or regard as an object.
What is masculine generic words?
Words that are supposed to reflect both sexes, but are assumed to be male only. (Chairmen)
What are diminutive suffixes?
Root words that are supposed to describe both sexes, but suffix put on to specify female. (Waiter/Waitress)
What are parallel words?
Words that are supposed to have the same meaning but are negative when describing females.
What happens when a baby is in visible intersex?
Many are surgically altered to conform to norm expectations.
Whats the problem with the term Hermaphrodite?
Insulting and incorrect. Actual meaning is having both sexes.
How many types of intersex are known and how common is it?
there are 16 known types and it is 1 in 1500 to 1 in 2000 births
Total number of babies who differ from standard male or female at birth
1 in 100 births
What is gender typing
the aqcusition of the traits, behaviors and roles associated with one's gender
what is the psychoanaytic theory?
gender typing comes from psychological awareness of differences between boys and girls along with internal sexual urges
What is cognitive development theory?
Children are active learning, trying to make sense of the world.
What is the gender schema theory
theory focuses on the schema (or idea) that we distinguish at a young age about being male or female.