WHAP Chapter 30
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ruling indian prince, especially one of the major states
a movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater indian participation in government. its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until world war i. led after 1920 by mohandas k. gandhi, appealing to the poor. (p. 663)
Indian National congress
region of northeastern india. it was the first part of india to be conquered by the british in the eighteenth century and remained the political and economic center of british india throughout the nineteenth century. today this region includes part of eastern india and all of bangladesh.
political organization founded in india in 1906 to defend the interests of india's muslim minority. led by muhammad ali jinnah, it attempted to negotiate with the indian national congress. in 1940, the league began demanding a separate state for muslims, to be called pakistan.
All Indian Muslim league
april 3rd of 1919. british soldiers killed close to 400 unarmed indians and wounded 1,100 more. people had gathered in the center of town to protest british occupation of their country, and to demand equality.
leader of the indian independence movement and advocate of nonviolent resistance. after being educated as a lawyer in england, he returned to india and became leader of the indian national congress in 1920. (813)
Mohandas K. Gandhi
1929) gandhi led an 80-mile walk to a beach, where they camped out and gathered salt from the sea; a well-publicized act of civil disregard for the government's monopoly on salt.
"Walk To the Sea"
indian statesman. he succeeded mohandas k. gandhi as leader of the indian national congress. he negotiated the end of british colonial rule in india and became india's first prime minister (1947-1964).
indian muslim politician who founded the state of pakistan. a lawyer by training, he joined the all-india muslim league in 1913. as leader of the league from the 1920s on, he negotiated with the british/inc for muslim political rights
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
senegalese political leader. he was the first african elected to the french national assembly. during world war i, in exchange for promises to give french citizenship to senegalese, he helped recruit africans to serve in the french army. (809)
an organization dedicated to obtaining equal voting and civil rights for black inhabitants of south africa. founded in 1912 as the south african native national congress, it changed its name in 1923. eventually brought equality (809)
African National Congress
emperor of ethiopia (r. 1930-1974) and symbol of african independence. he fought the italian invasion of his country in 1935 and regained his throne during world war ii, when british forces expelled the italians. he ruled ethiopia as an autocrat. (809)
leading figure in the mexican revolution, which lasted 10 years; 1910-1920; faught for farmers' rights; gathered army in southern mexico and urged farmers to join; liberation army of the south
mexican revolutionary leader (1877-1923) did many good things, but killed a lot of people. wanted to take money from the rich and give it to the poor.
president of mexico (1934-1940). he brought major changes to mexican life by distributing millions of acres of land to the peasants, bringing representatives of workers and farmers into the inner circles of politics, and nationalizing the oil industry 820
argentine politician, president of argentina from 1916-1922 and 1928-1930. the first president elected by universal male suffrage, he began his presidency as a reformer, but later became conservative.
dictator of brazil from 1930 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1954. defeated in the presidential election of 1930, he overthrew the government and created estado novo ('new state'), a dictatorship that emphasized industrialization. (823)
president of argentina (1946-1955, 1973-1974). as a military officer, he championed the rights of labor. aided by his wife eva duarte peron, he was elected president in 1946. he built up argentinean industry, became very popular among the urban poor.
wife of juan peron and champion of the poor in argentina. she was a gifted speaker and popular political leader who campaigned to improve the life of the urban poor by founding schools and hospitals and providing other social benefits.
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