Chapter 13

Card Set Information

Author:
phut52
ID:
215800
Filename:
Chapter 13
Updated:
2013-04-27 14:06:33
Tags:
phut52
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 13 chem
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user phut52 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. A substance that dissolves in water and produces hydrogen ions, according to the Arrhenius theory. All acids are proton donors, according to the bronsted-lowry theory
    acid
  2. the product of the ions from the dissociation of a weak acid divided by the concentration of the weak acid.
    acid dissociation constant
  3. substances that can act as either an acid or a base in water
    amphoteric
  4. A substance that dissolves in water and produces hydroxide ions according to the Arrhenius theory. All bases are proton acceptors,  according to the Bronsted-Lowry theory.
    Base
  5. The product of the ions from the dissociation of a weak base divided by the concentration of the weak base
    base dissociation constant
  6. An acid is a proton donor, and a base is a proton acceptor
    Bronsted-Lowry-- acids and bases
  7. A mixture of a weak acid or a weak base and its salt that resists changes in pH when small amounts of an acid or base are added
    buffer solution
  8. An acid and base that differ by on hydrogen ion. when an acid donates a proton, the product is its conjugate base, which is capable of accepting a proton in the reverse reaction
    Conjugate acid-base pair
  9. The separation of an acid or base into ions in water
    dissociation
  10. The point at which an indicator changes color. For the indicator phenolphthalein  the color change occurs when the number of moles of oh is equal to the number of moles of h3o in the sample
    endpoint
  11. The H3O+ ion formed by the attraction of a proton  to an water molecule
    Hydronium ion
  12. a substance added to a titration sample that changes color when the acid or base is neutralized
    indicator
  13. The product of [H3O+] and [OH-] in solution; Kw= [H3O+][OH-]
    ion product constant of water; Kw
  14. A solution withe equal concentration of [H3O+] and [OH-]
    Neutral
  15. A reaction between an acid and a base to form a salt and water.
    neutrallization
  16. A measure of the [H3O+] in a solution; pH= -log[H3O+]
    pH
  17. A measure of the [OH-] in a solution; pOH=-log[OH-]
    pOH
  18. An ionic compound that contains a metal ion or NH4+ and a nonmetal or polyatomic ion other than OH-
    salt
  19. an acid that completely ionizes in water
    strong acid
  20. a base that completely ionizes in water
    strong base
  21. the addition of base to an acid sample to determine the concentration of the acid
    titration
  22. an acid that ionizes only slightly in solution
    weak acid
  23. a base that ionizes only slightly in solution
    weak base
  24. most acids are
    oxo acids
  25. when an oxo acid dissolves in water it produces
    hydrogen ion and poly atomic ion
  26. One oxygen more than common form____prefix is used
    per
  27. One oxygen less than common form____prefix is used
    ous
  28. two oxygen less than common form____prefix is used
    hypo
  29. common form of oxo acids___prefix is used
    ic
  30. forms of bases
    antacid, drain openers and oven cleaners
  31. gives  bases characteristics such as bitter taste and soapy feel
    hydroxide ions produced by Arrhenius bases
  32. typical Arrhenius bases are named as
    hydroxides
  33. does not exist in water
    dissociated proton
  34. the reaction between and acid and base involves
    proton tansfer
  35. each acid-base reaction contains
    two conjugate acid-base pairs
  36. water can act as an acid when it
    donates an hydrogen ion
  37. water can act as a base when it
    accepts an hydrogen ion
  38. most common amphoteric substance
    water
  39. what is determined by the moles of H3O+ that are produced for each mole of acid that dissolves.
    the strength of acids
  40. what is determined by the moles of OH- that are produced for each mole of base that dissolves.
    strength of bases
  41. most acids are
    weak acids
  42. many of the products you drink or use at home contain
    weak acids
  43. log scale
    pH
  44. active metals
    • potassium
    • sodium
    • calcium
    • magnesium
    • aluminum
    • zinc 
    • iron
    • tin
  45. acids react with___________ to produce hydrogen gas and a salt of that metal
    active metal

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview