- 1. Cation named first, then anion.
- 2. Names of anionic ligands always end in suffix -o
- a. ligands whose names end in -ide have
- suffix changed to -o
- b. ligands whose names end in ite or ate
- become ito and ato
- 3. neutral ligans give same name as used for molecule except aqua and ammine.
- 4. when ther is more than one of a given ligand, specify the number of ligands by prefixes di, tri, etc. for complex ligands bis, tris
- a. in formula, symbol of metal first followed by ligands with anionic ligands first in alphabetical order and neutral molecules second in alphabetical order.
- b. in the name of complex, ligands named first in alphabetical order and metal named last.
6. if complex ion has negative charge, the suffix ate is added to name of metal
7. sometimes latin name of metal is used.
8. oxidation number of metal is indicated in parentheses