Christy1977

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christy1997
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215835
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Christy1977
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2013-04-25 19:49:39
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Biology 2404 Test
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Biology 2404 test 5
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  1. What hormones does the hypothalamus produce?
    releasing hormones, ADH, and oxytocin
  2. What hormones does adenohypophysis produce?
    ACTH, FSH, LH, TSH, growth hormone, and prolactin
  3. What hormones does the thyriod produce?
    T3, T4, and calcitonin
  4. What hormones does the Parathyroid produce?
    PTH
  5. What hormones does the adrenal cortex produce?
    cortisone, androgens and aldosterone
  6. What hormones does the adrenal medulla produce?
    epinephrine and norepinephrine
  7. What hormones does the pancreas produce?
    insulin and glucagon
  8. What horone does the testes produce?
    testosterone
  9. What hormones does the ovaries produce?
    estrogen and progesterone
  10. What hormone does placenta produce?
    HCG
  11. What does the releasing hormones do?
    stimulate adenohypophysis to produce specific hormones
  12. What does ADH hormones do?
    cause kidneys to conserve water ( less water in urine and reduced urine volume )
  13. What does the hormone oxytocin do?
    stimulate uterus to contract and mammary glands to "let down" milk
  14. What does the hormone ACTH do?
    stimulates adrenal cortex to produce specific hormoes ( cortisol and androgens )
  15. What does the hormone FSH do?
    stimulates gonads to produce specific hormones( ovaries and estrogens ) and gametes
  16. What does the hormone LH do?
    stimulates gonads to produce specific hormones ( ovaries,estrogens/progestrone, and testes/testosterone )
  17. What does the growth hormones do?
    stimuatles "general body cells" to grow
  18. What does the hormone prolactin?
    stimulates mammary glands to produce milk
  19. What does the hormone T3 do?
    increase metabolic rate of "general body cells"
  20. What does the hormone T4 do?
    increase metabolic rate of "general body cells"
  21. What does the hormone calcitonin do?
    stimulasts osteoblasts and reduces blood calcium level
  22. What does the hormone PTH do?
    stimulates osteoclasts and increased blood calcium level
  23. What does the hormone cortisone do?
    stimulat "stress response" and increases blood "fuel" levels. raises blood sugar level to make gulcose.
  24. What does the androgen hormone do?
    stimulate bone, cartilage and skeletal muscle growth ( "male" traits )
  25. What does the hormone aldosterone do?
    causes kidneys to conserve sodium ( less sodium in urine )
  26. What does the hormone epinephrine do?
    "adrenaline" increases sympathetic responses
  27. What does the hormone norepinephrine do?
    "adrenaline" increases sympathetic responses
  28. What does the hormone insulin do?
    stimulates blood glucose movement in cells ( decreases glucose in blood )
  29. What does the hormone glucagon do?
    stimulates glucose release into bloodstream ( increases glucose in blood )
  30. What does the hormone testosterone do?
    stimulates bone, cartilage and skeletal muscle growth ( "male" traits )
  31. What does the hormone estrogen do?
    stimulates the development of endometrium and "female" traits
  32. What does the hormone progesterone do?
    maintain endometrium
  33. What does the hormone HCG do?
    maintians progesterone production by ovary during early pregnancy
  34. What hormones are released by the hypothalmus during humoral control?
    ADH and oxytocin
  35. What hormones are released by the thyroid during humoral control?
    calcitonin
  36. What hormones are released by the parathyroid during humoral control?
    parathyroid hormone
  37. What hormones are released by the pancreas during humoral control?
    insulin and glucagon
  38. What hormones are released by the adrenal cortex during humoral control?
    aldosterone
  39. What are two types of hormones?
    protein and steroid
  40. Describe a protien hormone?
    water soluable, it wont enter the cell it will come to the cell wall and pass a message by cAMP or cyclic amp which is the second messenger
  41. Describe a steriod?
    it is not water soluable, it is very strong and scarey, and it will enter cell. it will go in and sit down on the DNA and stimulate one gene. you never know what it will change or effect if it is not made by your own body.
  42. What is humoral control?
    it is " on its own". it looks for a change and makes plans to fix it then sends the hormone in the bloodstream to fix it
  43. What is hormonal control?
    it "works together". it produce a message to send second gland then the second gland adds the hormones to make the change
  44. What is neutral control?
    it receives an sympathetic signal and sends a sympathetic response to one gland
  45. What hormones do the adrenal cortex release under neutral control?
    epinephrine and norepinephrine
  46. What gland receives the sympathetic response under neutral control?
    adrenal medulla
  47. How many miles of blood vessels are there in the human body?
    60,000
  48. What sends the message in the nervous system?
    impulse
  49. What is the nature of the impulse in the nervous system?
    electro chemical disturbance
  50. What is the source of the nervous system?
    neuron
  51. What is the path of the nervous system?
    axon
  52. What is the speed of the nervous system?
    fast
  53. What is the directness of the nervous system?
    very direct (to target)
  54. How clean is the nervous system?
    very clean
  55. What sends the message in the endocrine system?
    hormones
  56. What is the nature of the hormone in the endocrine system?
    molecule
  57. What is the source of the endocrine system?
    endocrine gland
  58. What is the path of the endocrine system?
    bloodstream
  59. What is the speed of the endocrine system?
    slow
  60. What is the directness of the endocrine system?
    indirect (blood goes everywhere)
  61. How clean is the endocrine system?
    dirty (liver and kidneys help clean)
  62. What builds steriods?
    cholestrol
  63. What turns off ADH?
    alcohol
  64. Does the hyothalmus make or release ADH and oxytocin?
    makes
  65. Does the Hypophysis make or release ADH and oxytocin?
    releases
  66. When does the body make growth hormones?
    during sleep and active exercise
  67. When does the hypothalmus make ADH?
    during deep sleep and when the body temp goes up
  68. Why does the hypothalmus make ADH?
    to save water for sweat when the body temp goes up and to allow you to urinate less while in deep sleep
  69. What is ADH?
    anti-directic hormone
  70. When does the hypothalmus make oxytocin?
    when you are nursing and to shrink uterus
  71. What does the hypothalmus make oxytocin?
    to tell the the brain to contract uterus and release breast milk
  72. What kind of hormone is oxytocin?
    the feel good hormone
  73. What does hypoglycemia mean?
    to much sugar
  74. What does hypertonic mean?
    dehydration
  75. What does hypertension mean?
    high blood pressure
  76. What does polyuria mean?
    excessive urination
  77. What does polydipsia mean?
    thirsty
  78. What does polyphagia mean?
    hungry
  79. What hormone opens glucagon gates?
    insulin

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