Forensic Final

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Forensic Final
2013-04-25 20:26:26
Forensic Criminology

Forensic Crim Final notes
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  1. Murder
    The felonious killing of one human being by another with malicious aforethough.
  2. Non-negligent Manslaughter
    The killing of a human being without premeditation but with the intention to kill (heat of the moment murders)
  3. Negligent Manslaughter
    Unlawful killing of another through reckless behavior without intention to kill.
  4. Aggravated Assault
    Inflicting hurt on another person with intention to cause pain and serious injury.
  5. First Degree Murder
    Any murder that is willful and premeditated
  6. Second Degree Murder
    A murder that is not premeditated in advance.
  7. Weapon Effect
    The sheer presence of a weapon leads witnesses and victims to solely concentrate on the weapon and not other factors within the crime.
  8. Battered Woman Syndrome
    A set of psychological characteristics present in a woman with a past of abusive relationships.
  9. Investigative Psychology
    Application of psychological research and concepts to the investigation of a crime
  10. Modus Operandi (M.O.)
    The actions and procedures a criminal uses to commit a crime successfully.
  11. Signature
    Any behavior that goes beyond what is necessary to commit a crime.
  12. Staging
    The intentional alteration of a crime scene prior to the arrival of the police.
  13. Undoing
    A behavioral pattern found at the crime scene where the criminal has tried to "undo" the murder.
  14. Organized Crime Scene
    Indicated planning and premeditation on the part of the offender, showing that criminal kept control of himself during time of crime.
  15. Serial Murder
    Incidents in which an individual kills a minimum of three other people over time (cooling off period is present).
  16. Spree Murder
    The killing of thee or more individuals without any cooling off period, usually at two or more locations (ex: VA Tech).
  17. Mass Murder
    Murdering three or more persons at a single location with no cooling off period between murders.
  18. Fixated Pedophile
    A male who demonstrates a long standing, exclusive preference for children as both sexual and social companions.
  19. Regressed Pedophile
    A male who had fairly normal relationships with adults but later reverted to children for sexual and social companionship because of feelings of inadequacy.
  20. Exploitative Pedophile
    An adult who seeks out children for sexual gratification.
  21. Aggressive Pedophile
    Drawn to children for both sexual and aggressive reasons.
  22. Forcible Rape
    Carnal knowledge of a female, forcibly against her will.
  23. Rape by Fraud
    Having sexual relations with a consenting adult female under fraudulent conditions.
  24. Statutory Rape
    Carnal knowledge of a girl and her status as a minor with or without her consent.
  25. Tolerance
    Indicated by a state of progressively decreased responsiveness to a drug.
  26. Dependence
    Physiological distress and physical pain a person suffers if he or she goes without the drug for any length of time.
  27. Hallucinogens
    Chemical that leads to a change in consciousness involving an alteration of reality (marijuana)
  28. Stimulants
    Chemicals that are used to stimulate Central Nervous System functions (Caffeine, MDMA).
  29. Opiate Narcotics
    Chemicals that have both sedative and analgesic properties
  30. Sedative Hyponotic
    Chemicals that depress the Central Nervous System functions
  31. What some researchers call the catalyst for crime
  32. Homicide accounts for how much of violent crime annually?
  33. What is the leading cause of death for African American males and females ages 14-34?
  34. Over 80% of all homicides occur........
  35. Homicide rates for male and female
    • 90% male
    • 10% female
  36. Median age for homicide victims in U.S....
  37. What percentage of homicides include the offender and victim knowing one another well?
  38. Women are most likely killed by
    Husband or boyfriend
  39. Percentage of murders involving a family member killing another family member
    1 in 5
  40. Most common form of intrafamiliar violence
    Sibling violence
  41. Most commonly report violent offense
    aggravated assault
  42. Number of children who are victims of maltreatment nationwide annually
  43. Most common demographics of elder abuse
    • Neglect
    • Physical Abuse
    • Financial exploitation
  44. What percentage of students grade 9-12 said they had carried a gun outside the home in the previous 30 day period?
  45. Adam Walsh Pedophile Protection Act
    Divides registered sex offenders into three tiers and requires them all to update the government on their location every time they move.
  46. Most common pairing of victim-perp in pedophilia offenses
    Adult male and female child
  47. Anger Rape
    Type of rape that uses more force than necessary and usually involves a variety of sexual acts that are particularly degrading to the woman.
  48. Power Rape
    Assailant seeks to gain power of victim.
  49. Sadistic Rape
    Utilizes both sexual and aggressive components and gets sexual gratification from victim's maltreatment.
  50. Instrumental Sexual Aggression
    When the sexual offender uses just enough coercion to gain compliance from his victim.
  51. Expressive Sexual Aggression
    A rape situation in which the offender's primary aim is to harm the victim physically as well as psychologically.
  52. Displaced Aggression Rapist
    The rapist who is violent and aggressive, displaying minimum or total absence of sexual feelings.
  53. Contemporary Rapist
    An offender who rapes in responses to an intense sexual arousal initiated by stimuli in the environment, often quite specific stimuli. Main motive is to prove sexual prowess.