BIOLOGY EOC 4

Card Set Information

Author:
jbonnette
ID:
215854
Filename:
BIOLOGY EOC 4
Updated:
2013-04-25 21:33:31
Tags:
BIOLOIGY EOC
Folders:

Description:
BIOLOGY EOC 4
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jbonnette on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Carries instuctions responsible for expression of traits...
    gene
  2. genetic makeup of an organism...
    genotype
  3. physical appearance of an organism...
    phenotype
  4. cross involving one trait
    monohybrid
  5. cross involving two traits
    dihybrid
  6. graphic organizer used to show the probable results of genetic cross...
    Punnett Square
  7. graphic organizer to map genetic traits between generations...
    pedigree
  8. karyotype:
    chart of metaphase chromosome pairs to study chromosome number/diseases
  9. mating of an individual of unknown genotype with an individual of known genotype to help determine the unknown genotype...
    Test Cross
  10. When the dominant allele will prevent the recessive allele from being expressed it is called...  Law of Segregation or Law of Dominance?
    Law of Dominance
  11. When gene pairs separate when gametes (sex cells) are formed is called...  Law of Segregation of Law of Dominance?
    Law of Segregation
  12. When different pairs of genes separate independently of each other it is called....  Law of Dominance or Law of Independent Assortment?
    Law of Independent Assortment
  13. What is it called when there is a change in a single gene?
    Gene Mutation
  14. What is it called when there are changes in many genes?
    Chromosome Mutation
  15. Mutations can change the genetic _____.
    code
  16. Mutations are passed from one cell to new ____.
    cells.
  17. Sex chromosomes have how many pairs of chromosomes?
    23
  18. Males =
    XY
  19. Females =
    XX
  20. X-Linked Traits are inherited on X-chromosome from mother include....
    baldness, colorblindness, hemophilia
  21. One trait controlled by many genes (hair color, skin color,...) is called...
    Polygenic Inheritance
  22. Codominance....
    phenotypes of both homozygous parents are produced in heterozygous offspring so that all alleles are equally expressed
  23. A monohybrid cross contains how many boxes?
    4
  24. A dihybrid cross contains how many boxes?
    16
  25. Genetic engineering is sometimes called....
    biotechnology
  26. adaptation...
    organisms with most suited traits will survive.
  27. change in a species over time...
    evolution
  28. Evolution that occurs within the species level...
    microevolution
  29. Evolution that occurs between different species is...
    macroevolution
  30. speciation...
    formation of a new species
  31. two species evolve similarly....
    convergent evolution
  32. a group of species evolve differently...
    divergent evolution
  33. a group of species adapt separately to environments...
    adaptive radiation

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview