Test4ch13

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Darkness
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215895
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Test4ch13
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2013-04-26 01:24:05
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Chapter 13 cards
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  1. Psychodynamic Theories
    Emphasize the unconscious - parts of the personality "hidden" from conscious awarenessthat influence our thoughts, feelings, and behavior
  2. Levels of Awareness
    • • Conscious- thoughts or motives a person is currently aware of or is remembering
    • • Preconscious- just beneath the surface of awareness and can be easily retrieved
    • • Unconscious-blocked from normal awareness; not open to direct conscious inspection
  3. The Structure of the Personality and Its Development
    • • The id
    • • The ego
    • • The superego
  4. The id
    • • present from birth
    • • totally unconscious
    • • inborn "sexual" and aggressive urges
    • • operates on the pleasure principle -immediate, uninhibited seeking of pleasure and avoiding discomfort
    • • irrational, selfish, and impulsive
  5. ego
    • • mostly conscious/preconscious
    • • rational decision maker
    • • when it first develops, the egofocuses on satisfying id's desires
    • • the ego will mature later
  6. superego
    • • mostly preconscious/unconscious
    • • mental representation of society'srules, a sense of right and wrong
    • • operates on the morality principle -violating its rules results in feelingsof guilt, that provides the person ameans of self-control
  7. the ego ideal
    • • mental representation of "good" behaviors
    • • rewards the person with feelings of pride
  8. • the conscience
    • • mental representation of "bad" behaviors
    • • punishes the person with guilt
  9. defense mechanisms
    • •Repression
    • •Sublimation
    • •Denial
    • •Rationalization
    • •Intellectualization
    • •Projection
    • •Reaction formation
    • •Regression
    • •Displacement
  10. libido
    "sexual" tension or energy generated by the id's desires for physical gratification
  11. Freudian Theory
    • Weaknesses
    • • not very scientific
    • • concepts difficult to measure
    • • details are basically based on faith rather than empirical support
    • • explanations are more complicated than necessary to account for the facts
    • • Strengths
    • • basic concepts (like the unconscious) are widely accepted
    • • sees humans as complex organisms with rich psychological lives
    • • psychoanalytic therapy has helped many people
    • • inspired followers who have expanded and refined theory
  12. MAJOR APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT
    • 1. Interviews
    • 2. Observations
    • 3. Self-Report Objective Personality Tests
    • 4. Projective Tests

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