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Inner and outer controls work against tendencies to deviate
Crimes committed by executives to benefit the corporation
Violation of norms written into law
people who associate with some groups learn "excess of definitions" of deviance
increases likelihood that they will become deviant
Illegitimate Opportunity Structure
Opportunities for crime that are woven into the texture of life
Approved ways of reaching cultural goals
Labels given to people affect their own and others' perceptions of them, thus channeling behavior into deviance or conformity
Medicalization of Deviance
Making deviance a medical matter
A symptom of an underlying illness to be treated by a physician
An expression of disapproval for breaking a norm
The practice of the police, in the normal course of their duties, to either ticket someone for an offense or overlook the matter
The proportion of released convicts who are rearrested
The killing of several victims in three or more separate events
A group's formal and informal means of enforcing its norms
A group's usual and customary social arrangements
The engendered stain that forms when society socializes large numbers of people to a desired cultural goal, but withholds some of the means to achieve it.
One adaptation to the strain is crime
Deviance is functional for society
Investigated world religions and identified elements common to all.
Sacred from the profane
Enforced separation of racial-ethnic groups
Common identity based on one's position in means of production (Marx)
One nation takes over another nation, usually for exploiting labor and natural resources
Culture of Poverty
Assumption that the values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different from other people
Marrying within one's group
Estate Stratification System
Medieval Europe - estates: nobility, clergy, commoners
False Class Consciousness
Workers identifying with the interests of capitalists (Marx)
Economic and political dominance of the Least Industrialized Nations by the Most Industrialized Nations
The exploited class, the mass of workers who do not own the means of production (Marx)
Sociologist who wrote about slavery in the U.S.
People become detached from the norms that guide behavior
Horation Alger myth
The belief that due to limitless possibilities, anyone can get ahead if he or she tries hard enough
The change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
The official measure of poverty
People who are prejudice and rank high on scales of conformity, intolerance, insecurity and respect for authority
The policy of exploiting minority groups for economic gain.
Common elements in the culture of Native Americans in order to develop a cross-tribal self-identity
The diffusion of power among many interest groups that prevent any single group from gaining control of the government
White Anglo-Saxon Protestant
The view that satisfaction during old age is related to a person's amount and quality of activity
The number of workers required to support each dependent person (those 65+ and under 15)
Relative value place on men and women's ages
Authority more or less equally divided between people of a group
Marrying outside of one's group
The tendency of people with similar characteristics to marry one another
Education opens and closes doors of opportunity.
Another term for social placement function of society.
The belief that all objects in the world have spirits.
- A religious group so integrated into the dominant culture that it is difficult to tell where one begins and the other leaves off.
- State religion
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