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What is a unified government?
whatever majority wants to do, will happen
How many terms does a House rep serve?
How many terms does a Senate serve?
Pork Barrel Spending
government spending money on things that we want but don't need in order to gain popularity
How many seats are in the House?
drawing districts so it can help one party over another
how you determine the best candidate
time spent that you could be spent doing something else
Benefits of voting
- 1. Civic Duty
- 2. Making a difference
- 3. Stakes being high
where the potential candidates raise money and get their name out to states
candidates going state to state to get voters to follow them
What do presidential debates do?
affect public opinion at the margins
How many people are in the Electoral College?
How many electoral college votes are needed to win the presidency?
What happens if neither candidate gets to 270?
the votes get turned to the House of Rep. and each state will get 1 vote
Important states to win
- Cali, 55
- Tex, 38
- NY, 29
- Fl, 29
- PA, 20
When do incumbents lose?
- 1. Scandals
- 2. Marginal Districts
- 3. Midterm Elections
- 4. High Visibility Challenger
Speaker of House?
Majority Republican leader of House?
Minority Democratic leader of House?
President of Senate?
President Pro Tempore?
Why is it more likely for the speaker of the house in the 20th century to become President?
The 25th amendment says when VP seat is vacant, the president gets to choose a new VP
- 1. where most of the work in Congress gets done
- 2. Most bills die here
deal with a particular issue, uncommon
made up of Senators and House, do mostly investigation
- 1. Members of both chambers to resolve disagreements on a particular bill
- 2. Iron out the differences between the two bills
- 3. Have power to add and take out things
What does the House do if a bill is passed?
- 1. Decides on terms of debate and on amendments
- 2. Can decided whether or not bill goes to House floor
an amendment to a bill that doesn't relate directly to the bill's content
A senator trying to convince Congress to pass or kill a bill.
How many votes are needed for cloture?
How does the House and Senate override a presidential veto?
Congress shall have the power to?
- 1. Declare war, and make rules concerning captures on land and water
- 2. Raise and support armies
- 3. Provide and maintain Navy
- 4. Make rules for the government
- 5. Regulation of the land and Naval forces
Declaration of War by Congress
- 1. War of 1812
- 2. Mexican-Amercian War, 1848
- 3. Spanish-American War, 1890's
- 4. WWI, 1914
- 5. WWII, 1941
- 6. Korean War, 1950
- 7. Vietnam War, 1959
- 8. Gulf War of 1991
- 9. Iraq and Afghanistan Wars
What is the War Powers Resolution?
told presidents they had the right to initiate war but after 60 days Congress can either initiate war, or send troops home
can bring in people to Washington and question them
The Legislative Veto
Granting the legislative branch certain powers to veto president
An act by the President of not spending money that has been appropriated by the US Congress
- 1. President choosing to veto things in a budget without losing the whole budget
- 2. Later declared unconstitutional
- 1. case starts in this court
- 2. hears case you bring to it
- 1. A chance to get your case heard again
- 2. Court that hears appeals
rights of groups in society, and especially minority groups
refers to the rights of individuals
- 1. Citizenship to those born on US soil
- 2. Required states to uphold due process
- 3. Equal protection clause
Gave former slaves (men) right to vote
The "Jim Crow" Era
- 1. Legal and illegal intimidation
- 2. Limiting right to vote
GA Citizenship Test, 1958
- 1. Had to be able to read, write, and pay a fee
- 2. Designed to keep the minorities and poor from voting
- 3. Registrars ultimately decide who passes or fails
The Impact of WWII
- 1. millions of people affected globally
- 2. GREAT need of soldiers
- 3. Were forced to draft and hire minority groups
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Gave all citizens right to vote
In order to remedy segregation, Nixon encouraged diversity
Specific Powers of President
- 1. Head of State
- 2. Veto power
- 3. Power to Pardon
Powers shared with Senate
- 1. Power to make appointments (Federal Judges, Cabinet Members, Ambassadors)
- 2. Power to make treaties
How many votes are required for ratification of a treaty?
- 1. a signed presidential directive that has the force of law
- 2. Meant to carry out legal process of law
Famous Executive Orders
- 1. Emancipation Proclamation
- 2. The Executive Order 9066: The Internment of Japanese Americans
- 3. Harry Truman and the integration of US military