BIO genitourinary

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elevatedsound7
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215939
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BIO genitourinary
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2013-05-07 07:16:39
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BIO genitourinary
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BIO genitourinary
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  1. Defenses of Genitourinary tract =
    • sphincters
    • urinary flow
    • lysozyme and lactoferrin in urine
    • IgA
    • Acidic pH and mucs secretions in females
  2. Normal microbiota of genitourinary tract
    • Staph
    • Strep
    • Corynebacterium
    • Lactobacillus
  3. Vaginal microbiota =
    • Lactobacillus
    • Candida
  4. Cystitis =
    • common bladder inflammation
    • E. coli is most common casue
  5. Urethritis =
    • inflammation of the urethra
    • many possible organisms
  6. UTI are where
    can involve any protion of tract
  7. Pyelonephritis =
    • kidney infections
    • E. coli is most common
  8. Cystitis and pyelonephritis casues in 95% =
    • E. Coli
    • Staph saprophyticus
    • Proteus mirabilis
  9. Leptospirosis
    • Leptospira interrogans
    • zoonotic spirochete
  10. Leptospirosis 2 phases  =
    phase 1 = leptospiremic phase = systemic spread - found in blood ad spinal fluid

    Phase 2 = immune phase = blood phase clears, kidney or liver disease, Weils syndrome
  11. Vaginitis =
    • vaginal inflammation
    • Candida albicans = Dimorphic yeast
  12. Candida albicans is resistant to
    antibiotics
  13. what does it mean to be a dimorphic yeast
    under normal conditions it is a sugar fermenting budding yeast. In acidic pH or when our immune system is weakened, it shifts into its fungal form and becomes pathogenic
  14. Candidiasis =
    • dimorphic phase of candida albicans 
    • much more pathogenic
  15. Bacterial Vaginosis casued by
    • Gardnerella vaginalis 
    • Fishy odor
  16. clue cells =
    are epithelial cells of the vagina that get their distinctie stippled appearance by being covers with bacteris
  17. clue cell is a  clue that you have
    bacterial vaginosis
  18. only orgainism that hos no cyst form
    Trichomonas vaginalis
  19. Trichomonas casued by
    Trichomonas vaginalis
  20. Prostatitis casued by
    GI tract biota
  21. Gonorrhea caused by
    Neisseria gonorrheae
  22. virulence factors of Neisseria gonorrheae
    • Fimbriae for attachment
    • IgA protease
    • membrane blebs = irregular bulge in the plasma membrane of a cell
  23. bleb =
    an irregular bulge in plasma membrane of a cell
  24. Gonorrheal symptoms =
    • males = purulent discharge
    • females =asymptomatic
  25. what leads to PID
    Gonorrhea
  26. what can cause an ectopic pregnancy
    Gonorrhea casues scar tissue on fallopian tubes and cause and ectopic pregnancy
  27. Opthalmia neonatorium =
    • infected mother by Neisseria gonorrhea 
    • casues an infection in an infant
  28. what is added to infant eyes to prevent blindness by gonrhea
    silver nitrate or antibiotic drops
  29. Most prevalent reportable disease =
    Chlamydia
  30. Chlamydia can casue
    PID and infertility
  31. elementary stage of chlamydia =
    infective form
  32. reticulate body in chlamydia =
    non-infective form
  33. Diseases that casue Genital ulcers
    • Syphilis 
    • Chancroid
    • Herpes
  34. Syphilis casued by
    Treponema pallidum
  35. Chancroid is casued by
    Haemophilus ducreyi
  36. great imitator =
    treponema pallidum causes primary Syphilis
  37. Treponema pallidum is a
    • Spirochete
    • causes syphilis
  38. Secondary stage of syphilis =
    • 3 weeks to 6 months after infection
    • skn rash
    • hair loss
  39. Gummus =
    rubbery mass in tertiary phase of syphilis
  40. which phase of syphilis is rare today
    tertiary
  41. Snuffles =
    nasal discharge that obstructs breathing in infants that have congenital syphilis
  42. what STD is on rise today
    Chlamydia
  43. Herpes simplex 1 causes
    • cold sores 
    • fever blisters
  44. Herpes simplex 2 causes
    • neonatal herpes
    • herpes in genital tract
  45. Genital warts =
    Human Papilloma virus
  46. Gardasil vaccine =
    • vaccine against cervical cancer 
    • and HPV
  47. Urinary Schistosomiasis =
    • casued by Schistosoma haematobium
    • ID by eggs in urine

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