Nutrition and Metabolism Science Modules

The flashcards below were created by user laulauspille on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. It is possible for vegetarians to obtain complete proteins by combining?
    A) Milk and Sugar
    B) Bread and Vitamins
    C) Fats and Pasta
    D) Legumes and Cereal grains
    Legumes and Cereal grains
  2. Anabolism includes reactions in which
    A) Carbohydrate utilization increases
    B) Ketone bodies are formed
    C) Larger molecules or structures are built from smaller ones
    D) Structural proteins are used as potential energy sources
    C) Larger molecules or structures are built from smaller ones

    Notes Anabolism UP Catabolism DOWN
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Gluconeogenesis is the process in which
    A) Glycogen is formed
    B) Glucose is formed from noncarbohydrate precursors
    C) Glucose is converted into carbon dioxide and water
    D) Glycogen is broken down to release glucose
    B) Glucose is formed from noncarbohydrate precursors.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. In general metabolic terms, food digestion is a form of____, while building new protein molecules is a form of _____.
    A) Anabolism; Catabolism
    B) Metabolism; Cellular respiration
    C) Cellular respiration; Metabolism
    D) Catabolism; Anabolism
    D) Catabolism; Anabolism

    Food digestion is a form of catabolism, while building new protein molecules is a form of anabolism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Catabolism would be best described as a process that
    A) Causes a decline in circulating ketone bodies
    B) Breaks down complex structures to simpler ones
    C) Elevates glucagon levels
    D) Builds up triglycerides during the post adsorptive state
    B) Catabolism breaks down complex structures to simpler ones.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The molecule that serves as the major source of readily available fuel for neurones and blood cells is
    A) Glucose
    B) Acetyl CoA
    C) Fat
    D) Cellulose
    A) The molecule that serves as the major source of readily available fuel for neurons and blood cells is Glucose.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The process of breaking down triglycerides into glycerol and fatty acid is known as
    A) Gluconeogenesis
    B) Lipolysis
    C) Fat utilization
    D) Lipogenesis
    B) Lipolysis is the process of breaking down triglycerides into glycerol and fatty acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following statements best describe complete proteins?
    A) Must meet all the body's amino acid requirements for maintenance and growth
    B) Derived from meat and fish only
    C) Derived only from legumes and other plant materials
    D) Meets all the minimum daily requirements for a healthy diet
    A) Complete protein must meet all the body's amino acid requirements for maintenance and growth.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The term metabolism is best defined as
    A) The length of time it takes to digest and absorb fats
    B) Biochemical reactions involved in building cell molecules or breaking down molecules for energy
    C) A measure of carbohydrate utilization, typically involving measurement of calories
    D) The number of calories it takes to keep from shivering on a cold day
    B) Metabolism is the biochemical reaction involved in building up cell molecules or breaking down molecules for energy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. What is the primary objective during the postabsorptive state?
    A) To collect and remove glucose from the blood and despoit it in cells
    B) To elevate blood glucose to the highest possible level to ensure adequate delivery to the brain.
    C) To convert fat to protein
    D) To maintain blood glucose at around 3.9-6.1 mmol/L of blood.
    D) The primary objective during the post absorptive state is to maintain blood glucose at around 3.9-6.1 mmol/L of blood (within the homeostatic range).
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The majority of the food we ingest is ultimately
    A) Burned to produce oxygen
    B) Converted to fat
    C) Used to synthesize ATP
    D) Stored in the stomach
    C) The majority of food we ingest is ultimately used to synthesize ATP.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the choices below is not a source of glucose during the post absorptive state?
    A) Catabolism of cellular protein
    B) Absorption of glucose from the GI tract
    C) Glycogenolysis in the liver
    D) Lipolysis in adipose tissues and the liver
    B) Absorption of the glucose from the GI tract is NOT a source of glucose during the postabsorptive state.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author:
laulauspille
ID:
216013
Card Set:
Nutrition and Metabolism Science Modules
Updated:
2013-04-27 04:55:54
Tags:
Nutrition nMetabolism nScience Modules
Folders:

Description:
NMIH201 Principles of Episodic Care science modules nutrition and metabolism
Show Answers: