Nutrition and Metabolism Science Modules

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laulauspille
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216013
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Nutrition and Metabolism Science Modules
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2013-04-27 00:55:54
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Nutrition nMetabolism nScience Modules
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NMIH201 Principles of Episodic Care science modules nutrition and metabolism
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  1. It is possible for vegetarians to obtain complete proteins by combining?
    A) Milk and Sugar
    B) Bread and Vitamins
    C) Fats and Pasta
    D) Legumes and Cereal grains
    Legumes and Cereal grains
  2. Anabolism includes reactions in which
    A) Structural proteins are used as potential energy sources
    B) Larger molecules or structures are built from smaller ones
    C) Carbohydrate utilization increases
    D) Ketone bodies are formed
    B) Larger molecules or structures are built from smaller ones

    Notes Anabolism UP Catabolism DOWN
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Gluconeogenesis is the process in which
    A) Glucose is converted into carbon dioxide and water
    B) Glycogen is broken down to release glucose
    C) Glucose is formed from noncarbohydrate precursors
    D) Glycogen is formed
    C) Glucose is formed from noncarbohydrate precursors.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. In general metabolic terms, food digestion is a form of____, while building new protein molecules is a form of _____.
    A) Anabolism; Catabolism
    B) Cellular respiration; Metabolism
    C) Catabolism; Anabolism
    D) Metabolism; Cellular respiration
    C) Catabolism; Anabolism

    Food digestion is a form of catabolism, while building new protein molecules is a form of anabolism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Catabolism would be best described as a process that
    A) Causes a decline in circulating ketone bodies
    B) Builds up triglycerides during the post adsorptive state
    C) Breaks down complex structures to simpler ones
    D) Elevates glucagon levels
    C) Catabolism breaks down complex structures to simpler ones.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The molecule that serves as the major source of readily available fuel for neurones and blood cells is
    A) Acetyl CoA
    B) Glucose
    C) Cellulose
    D) Fat
    B) The molecule that serves as the major source of readily available fuel for neurons and blood cells is Glucose.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The process of breaking down triglycerides into glycerol and fatty acid is known as
    A) Lipolysis
    B) Fat utilization
    C) Lipogenesis
    D) Gluconeogenesis
    A) Lipolysis is the process of breaking down triglycerides into glycerol and fatty acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following statements best describe complete proteins?
    A) Meets all the minimum daily requirements for a healthy diet
    B) Derived from meat and fish only
    C) Must meet all the body's amino acid requirements for maintenance and growth
    D) Derived only from legumes and other plant materials
    C) Complete protein must meet all the body's amino acid requirements for maintenance and growth.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The term metabolism is best defined as
    A) A measure of carbohydrate utilization, typically involving measurement of calories
    B) The number of calories it takes to keep from shivering on a cold day
    C) The length of time it takes to digest and absorb fats
    D) Biochemical reactions involved in building cell molecules or breaking down molecules for energy
    D) Metabolism is the biochemical reaction involved in building up cell molecules or breaking down molecules for energy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. What is the primary objective during the postabsorptive state?
    A) To collect and remove glucose from the blood and despoit it in cells
    B) To maintain blood glucose at around 3.9-6.1 mmol/L of blood.
    C) To convert fat to protein
    D) To elevate blood glucose to the highest possible level to ensure adequate delivery to the brain.
    B) The primary objective during the post absorptive state is to maintain blood glucose at around 3.9-6.1 mmol/L of blood (within the homeostatic range).
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The majority of the food we ingest is ultimately
    A) Converted to fat
    B) Stored in the stomach
    C) Burned to produce oxygen
    D) Used to synthesize ATP
    D) The majority of food we ingest is ultimately used to synthesize ATP.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the choices below is not a source of glucose during the post absorptive state?
    A) Lipolysis in adipose tissues and the liver
    B) Absorption of glucose from the GI tract
    C) Glycogenolysis in the liver
    D) Catabolism of cellular protein
    B) Absorption of the glucose from the GI tract is NOT a source of glucose during the postabsorptive state.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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