The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
what are the common names for ethene and propene?
Ethylene and Propylene
What is another name for Alkenes?
How do u identify the backbone of an alkene?
What if more than 2 chains contain double bonds?
The longest chain containing the double bond
The one with the MOST double bonds is the backbone
Alkenes have precedense over alkynes
In what order do u number alkene chains?
In a way that double bond takes lowest number
How do you account for multiple double bonds in chain?
By denoting di-, tri-
In what cases would you list alkenes as substituents?
When they are allylic or vinylic derivatives
What term is used for ethylene?
What are the alternate names for 2-bromo-2-methylpropane and 2-iodopropane?
t-butyl bromide and isopropyl iodide
Alkane and Alkene chains: Drop 'e' and replace with -ol
Number in a way that alcohol gets the lowest number
For double bonds, list the carbon # before the -en
What is a diol?
molecules with two hydroxyl groups
What do you call diols with -OH groups on adjacent carbons?
What do you call diols with -OH groups on the same carbon?
Which alkyl chain is used as the backbone?
What is the common way of naming ethers?
Name the two chains, list them alphabetically, add ether at the end.
(ethyl methyl ether)
What is the IUPAC way of naming an ether?
- long chain is the backbone
- use prefix of short chain (meth, eth...)
- short chain joins long chain through 'oxy'
What is the IUPAC and common name for three member cyclic ethers?
- IUPAC: oxiranes
- common: epoxides
What common name are used for methanal, ethanal, propanal?
What is the IUPAC name for:
- methanoic acid
- thanoic acid
- propanoic acid